The epidemiology of atopic dermatitis in Italian schoolchildren.
ABSTRACT Atopic dermatitis (AD) is common in children in industrialized countries. Only one large population study on its prevalence has been conducted in Italy, based on self-report questionnaire. The present study was designed to estimate the prevalence of AD in schoolchildren in Italy by dermatologists' assessment and by UK Working Party criteria, and to investigate associated symptoms and factors.
Cross-sectional survey on a random sample of 9-year-old schoolchildren from seven Italian cities. Children were examined by experienced dermatologists. Parents and teachers answered standardized questionnaires.
Of the 1369 children examined, 88 had a diagnosis of AD, with an estimated point prevalence of 5.8% (95% CI 4.5-7.1) in the reference population. The reported lifetime prevalence was 15.2 (95% CI 12.2-18.2) for AD, 11.9% (95% CI 9.0-14.8) for asthma, and 17.6% (95% CI 14.6-20.7) for rhino-conjunctivitis. The strongest associated factor was the presence of AD in at least one parent. No association of AD with maternal smoking during pregnancy, birth weight, maternal age at the time of the child birth and breast-feeding was observed. The environmental characteristics of the house and the school did not correlate with the prevalence of AD. Episodes of lower respiratory tract infections were associated with asthma, and to a lower extent also with AD and rhinitis.
The prevalence of doctor-diagnosed AD in Italian schoolchildren is comparable to those reported for other developed countries. Family history of atopy was the single most important associated factor, while the complex interplay of environmental factors remains to be elucidated.
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ABSTRACT: Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory disease of the skin that usually begins in childhood and its diagnosis depends on clinical criteria. Recent reports have indicated that the worldwide prevalence of atopic dermatitis is increasing. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of atopic dermatitis in schoolchildren between the ages of six and seven in two school districts in Puerto Rico. The Laughter questionnaire, developed to determine the prevalence of atopic dermatitis in schoolchildren was translated and validated in Spanish. A population-based prevalence survey was conducted among second grade students in the districts of Guaynabo and Humacao, Puerto Rico. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis was determined by sex, school type (private or public), and geographical location (urban or rural) using the questionnaire. Ninety-two percent (92 %) of the eligible schools participated in the study. A total of 2,393 questionnaires were distributed with a response rate of 53 %. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis among the population surveyed was 24.8%. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis by sex or geographic location was not significantly different (p>0.05). An excess of atopic dermatitis was observed in private schools (31.0%) when compared to public schools (19.9%). The effect remained after controlling potential confounders (POR Mantel-Haenszel = 1.37; 95%CI: 1.07 - 1.42). This study presents evidence of a significant public health problem in Puerto Rico. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in Puerto Rico is high and possibly a large percentage (70%) of the patients is not been diagnosed.Puerto Rico health sciences journal 06/2007; 26(2):127-33. · 0.56 Impact Factor
Article: Prevalence of atopic dermatitis in Italian schoolchildren: factors affecting its variation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The frequency of atopic dermatitis in Italian children and its relationship with selected variables were analysed in a large survey of skin health conducted in Italy. In 1997 we conducted a survey on schoolchildren aged 12-17 years from 13 areas of northern, central and southern Italy. For the present analyses, 3179 Caucasian children (1618 males, 1561 females) were considered. A diagnosis of atopic dermatitis was reported in 224 cases (7.0%). The frequency of reported atopic dermatitis was significantly higher in children with asthma (rate ratio (RR) 4.5; 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.1-6.5). The lifetime prevalence of a diagnosis of atopic dermatitis was higher among schoolchildren reporting a diagnosis of psoriasis (RR 5.5, 95% CI 3.0-10.1) and vitiligo (RR 16.1, 95% CI 6.5-39.5). This study gives estimates of the lifetime prevalence of atopic dermatitis in adolescents in Italy and emphasizes the direct association between the condition and other immune-related skin diseases.Acta Dermato Venereologica 02/2009; 89(2):122-5. · 3.18 Impact Factor
Article: Prevalence, burden, and risk factors of atopic eczema in schoolchildren aged 10-11 years: a national multicenter study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Little is known about the epidemiology of atopic eczema (AE), and studies from the Mediterranean region and the Middle East are limited. We investigated the frequency, burden, and risk factors of AE in a developing country. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase II questionnaire was used to survey a representative sample of 10 to 11-year-old children in Turkey. Children were examined by allergists, and parents completed standardized questionnaires. Among 6755 children, the prevalence of having eczema during one's lifetime or currently was 17.1% and 8.1%, respectively. The prevalence of visits to the doctor, nocturnal awakening, school absenteeism, and drug usage was 36.3%, 56%, 9.7%, and 28.7%, respectively. Associated factors were current rhinoconjunctivitis (odds ratio [OR], 2.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.99-3.21), current wheezing (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.58-2.79), family history of allergic disease (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.21-2.18), low birth weight (OR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.08-2.94), and exposure to animals in the first year of life (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.06-2.03). In a developing Mediterranean country, the prevalence of AE is comparable to that of developed countries in the same region and lower than that observed in developed countries elsewhere. The course of the disease and risk factors of AE probably differ in developing countries.Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología 01/2011; 21(4):270-7. · 2.27 Impact Factor