N-succinimidyl 3-[211At]astato-4-guanidinomethylbenzoate: an acylation agent for labeling internalizing antibodies with alpha-particle emitting 211At.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to develop a method for labeling internalizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) such as those reactive to the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) with the alpha-particle emitting radionuclide (211)At. Based on previous work utilizing the guanidine-containing acylation agent, N-succinimidyl 4-guanidinomethyl-3-[(131)I]iodobenzoate ([(131)I]SGMIB), we have now investigated the potential utility of its astato analogue for labeling the anti-EGFRvIII mAb L8A4. N-succinimidyl 3-[(211)At]astato-4-guanidinomethylbenzoate ([(211)At]SAGMB) in its Boc-protected form was prepared from a tin precursor in 61.7 +/- 13.1% radiochemical yield, in situ deprotected to [(211)At]SAGMB, which was coupled to L8A4 in 36.1 +/- 1.9% yield. Paired-label internalization assays demonstrated that tumor cell retention of radioactivity for L8A4 labeled using [(211)At]SAGMB was almost identical to L8A4 labeled using [(131)I]SGMIB, and 3-4-fold higher than for mAb radioiodinated using Iodogen. Paired-label biodistribution of L8A4 labeled using [(211)At]SAGMB and [(131)I]SGMIB in athymic mice hosting U87MGdeltaEGFR xenografts resulted in identical uptake of both (211)At and (131)I in tumor tissues over 24 h. Although higher levels of (211)At compared with (131)I were sometimes seen in tissues known to sequester free astatide, these (211)At/(131)I uptake ratios were considerably lower than those seen with other labeling methods. These results suggest that [(211)At]SAGMB may be a useful acylation agent for labeling internalizing mAbs with (211)At.
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ABSTRACT: This study describes genomic rearrangements near the 3' end of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in eight glioblastomas displaying coamplification and expression of both normal and rearranged EGFR. In four of these cases, it was possible by PCR to amplify tumor EGFR cDNA, which allowed sequence determination of the 3' transcript alterations associated with the rearrangements. Such analysis revealed that the four cases have in common a deletion of 255 bases that encode a portion of the receptor's cytoplasmic domain. The remaining four cases revealed genomic rearrangements in the same region of the gene as those described above and revealed aberrant EGFR transcripts lacking the same 255 bases determined to be missing in the sequenced EGFR cDNAs as well as large regions of contiguous downstream sequences. Therefore, all of the eight cases described here express transcripts that do not encode large C-terminal, intracellular portions of the receptor. In three of the eight cases, the EGFR transcripts displaying a 3' alteration also displayed a 5' inframe deletion of sequences encoding a portion of the extracellular domain, and for one of the corresponding patients it was possible to determine that the two transcript alterations were acquired as separate events. We have now detected the 5' and/or 3' alterations in 21 of 32 cases of glioblastoma with EGFR amplification; no genetic alterations have been detected in glioblastomas without EGFR amplification. In combination with previously published reports, these data suggest the in vivo evolution of EGFR toward an increasingly oncogenic potential through gene amplification with subsequent and successive gene alterations.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/1992; 89(10):4309-13. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A tyramine cellobiose (TCB) adduct was synthesized by the reductive amination of cellobiose by tyramine with a product yield of 78%. The TCB adduct was purified by chromatography and then iodinated using the chloramine-T method. After iodination, the adduct was activated with cyanuric chloride and linked to protein by incubation at room temperature for 2 h. Immunoreactivity and avidity were well maintained compared to electrophilically radioiodinated 1A14 whole antibody. The tumor uptake and retention were strikingly greater with iodinated TCB-antibody compared to that of the conventionally iodinated antibody; whereas, the plasma clearance curve and uptake in other organs were not changed. This method of labeling increases the retention time of radioiodine in tumors and thus extends to iodinated antibodies one of the advantages of indium labels, namely that the isotope is not readily washed out of the tumor after it becomes localized.International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation Part B Nuclear Medicine and Biology 02/1988; 15(5):557-61.
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ABSTRACT: The mutant epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) has been found on gliomas and other tumors but not on normal tissues, including those that express the wild-type receptor. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for EGFRvIII are rapidly internalized and degraded after binding to EGFRvIII-expressing cells. If anti-EGFRvIII mAbs are to be useful for radioimmunotherapy, then methods for trapping radionuclides in target cells after mAb processing are required. Because lysosomes are known to retain positively charged molecules, we have evaluated a new reagent for this purpose that uses a polycationinc peptide composed of D-amino acids (D-Lys-D-Arg-D-Tyr-D-Arg-D-Arg; D-KRYRR). D-KRYRR was first labeled using lodogen and then coupled to the murine anti-EGFRvIII mAb L8A4 via maleimido bond formation in 60% yield. In vitro assays with the U87deltaEGFR cell line indicated that internalized and total cell-associated activity for the 125I-labeled D-KRYRR-L8A4 conjugate were up to 4 and 5 times higher, respectively, than for L8A4 labeled with 131I using Iodogen. Paired-label comparisons in athymic mice with s.c. U87deltaEGFR xenografts demonstrated up to 5-fold higher tumor uptake for mAb labeled using D-KRYRR. Higher levels of radioiodine activity also were observed in kidney when L8A4 was labeled using D-KRYRR. Another paired-label study directly compared L8A4 labeled using radioiodinated D-KRYRR and L-KRYRR, and confirmed the role of D-amino acids in enhancing tumor uptake. These results suggest that D-KRYRR is a promising reagent for the radioiodination of internalizing mAbs, such as the anti-EGFRvIII mAb L8A4.Cancer Research 09/2000; 60(16):4453-60. · 8.65 Impact Factor