Gastric cancer cell detection in peritoneal washing: cytology versus RT-PCR for CEA transcripts.
ABSTRACT This study investigates the sensitivity and specificity of cytology, qualitative, and real-time RT-PCR methods in free cancer cell detection of peritoneal washing from gastric cancer patients. Peritoneal washings were collected from 65 gastric cancer patients for routine cytology and total RNA extraction for qualitative and real-time RT-PCR for CEA. The sensitivity and false-positive rate was 51.1%, 0% for cytology, 48.9% and 5% for qualitative RT-PCR for CEA, and 42.5% and 5% for real-time RT-PCR for CEA. The qualitative and real time RT-PCR results show high concordance rate (89.7%). The highest sensitivity was obtained by the combination of cytology with qualitative RT-PCR for CEA (70.2%). RT-PCR results were positive in 63.6% of cytologic "atypia" cases. Combination of cytology and either of the RT-PCR methods resulted in significantly higher sensitivity than any one of the three methods alone (P < 0.05). There was no definite advantage of the real-time RT-PCR over the conventional RT-PCR.
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ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients with gastric cancer is poor, even following curative resection, and is related primarily to the extent of disease at presentation. In locally advanced gastric tumors, peritoneal lavage cytology (PLC) is a relevant prognostic factor. The Authors present their results of peritoneal washing cytology, evaluating the prognostic value of this technique, and discussing the clinical impact. From July 2003 to May 2008, results of PLC in 64 patients with histologically proven primary gastric adenocarcinomas were analyzed. At laparotomy the abdomen was irrigated with 200 ml of normal saline, and ≥50 ml were aspirated and examined by means of cytology and immunocytopathology. PLC was positive in 7 cases (11%). Overall, 86% of patients with a positive PLC had a pT3/pT4 tumor and 100% with a positive PLC had an N-positive tumor (p < 0.001); 71% of patients with a positive PLC had a grade G3/G4 tumor (p = 0.001). At a median follow-up of 32 months, the cumulative 5-year survival was 28%. The median survival of patients presenting positive PLC (19 months) was significantly lower than that of patients with negative peritoneal cytology (38 months) (p = 0.0001). Multivariate analysis identified cytology as a significant predictor of outcome (p = 0.018). Results in the present series demonstrated that patients with a positive peritoneal cytology had advanced disease and poor prognosis, thus indicating that patients with locally advanced gastric cancer should undergo staging laparoscopy and PLC examination in order to select those requiring more aggressive treatment. Future therapeutic strategies should include PLC examination in preoperative staging, in order to select patients for more aggressive treatment.European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 10/2010; 36(10):982-6. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of peritoneal washing cytology in determining further treatment strategies after surgery for gastric cancer remains unclear. One reason for this is the fact that optimal procedures to increase the accuracy of predicting peritoneal metastasis have not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of cytology using samples harvested from two different abdominal cavity sites during gastric cancer surgery. We prospectively recruited 108 patients who were clinically diagnosed with locally advanced gastric cancer (higher than cT1 stage disease). Peritoneal washing fluids were collected from the pouch of Douglas and the subphrenic area. Patients were prospectively followed up for 2 years to determine the recurrence and survival rates. Thirty-three patients dropped out of the study for various reasons, so 75 patients were included in the final analysis. Seven patients (9.3%) showed positive cytology findings, of whom, three showed peritoneal recurrence. Tumor size was the only factor associated with positive cytology findings (P=0.037). The accuracy and specificity of cytology for predicting peritoneal recurrence were 90.1% and 94.2%, respectively, whereas the sensitivity was 50.0%. The survival rate did not differ between patients with positive cytology findings and those with negative cytology findings (P=0.081). Peritoneal washing cytology using samples harvested from two different sites in the abdominal cavity was not able to predict peritoneal recurrence or survival in gastric cancer patients. Further studies will be required to determine whether peritoneal washing cytology during gastric cancer surgery is a meaningful procedure.Journal of gastric cancer. 03/2014; 14(1):23-31.
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ABSTRACT: The existence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood as an indicator of tumor recurrence has not been clearly established, particularly for gastric cancer patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the relationship between CTCs in peripheral blood at initial diagnosis and clinicopathologic findings in patients with gastric carcinoma. Blood samples were obtained from 123 gastric carcinoma patients at initial diagnosis. mRNA was extracted and amplified for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) mRNA detection using real-time RT-PCR. Periodic 3-month follow-up examinations included serum CEA measurements and imaging. The minimum threshold for corrected CEA mRNA score [(CEA mRNA/GAPDH mRNA) × 106] was set at 100. Forty-five of 123 patients (36.6%) were positive for CEA mRNA expression. CEA mRNA expression significantly correlated with T stage and postoperative recurrence status (P = 0.001). Recurrent disease was found in 44 of 123 cases (35.8%), and 25 of these (56.8%) were positive for CEA mRNA. Of these patients, CEA mRNA was more sensitive than serum CEA in indicating recurrence. Three-year disease-free survival of patients positive for CEA mRNA was significantly poorer than of patients negative for CEA mRNA (P < 0.001). Only histological grade and CEA mRNA positivity were independent factors for disease-free survival using multivariate analysis. CEA mRNA copy number in peripheral blood at initial diagnosis was significantly associated with disease recurrence in gastric adenocarcinoma patients. Real-time RT-PCR detection of CEA mRNA levels at initial diagnosis appears to be a promising predictor for disease recurrence in gastric adenocarcinoma patients.Journal of Translational Medicine 10/2010; 8:107. · 3.46 Impact Factor