Article

Effects of contact lens care solutions on surface exfoliation and bacterial binding to corneal epithelial cells.

Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390-9057, USA.
Eye & Contact Lens Science & Clinical Practice (Impact Factor: 1.68). 01/2003; 29(1):27-30. DOI: 10.1097/00140068-200301000-00008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of commercially available contact lens wetting solutions on bacterial binding and cell exfoliation rates in human corneal epithelium.
The effects of four contact lens care solutions were tested: ReNu Multi Plus (Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, NY) multipurpose solution; OPTI-FREE Express (Alcon, Ft. Worth, TX) multipurpose solution; Complete Blink-N-Clean (Allergan, Irvine, CA) lens drops; and Lens Plus (Allergan) rewetting drops.
Prospective, double-masked, randomized crossover clinical trial (N = 20 subjects).
Measures of outcome included binding of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) to exfoliated corneal epithelial cells, and the rate of surface cell exfoliation. Cells were collected at the baseline (pretreatment) examination and 4 days later, after subjects used the assigned solution six times daily and once again immediately before cell collection (posttreatment). Following cell collection, patients underwent 1 week of recovery, during which no drops were used, and random cross-over assignment to the next test solution.
Use of test solutions increased PA binding, with a range of + 11.9% to + 58.2%. Analyzed together, PA binding increased significantly (+ 29%; P = 0.02, paired t-test); Lens Plus solution alone raised PA binding levels significantly (P = 0.022, 2-way ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls [SNK] test). Exfoliation rates were decreased from -7% to -52.7%. Analyzed together, cell exfoliation decreased significantly (P = 0.004; Wilcoxon signed rank test). Individual use of OPTI-FREE decreased exfoliation significantly (P = 0.019: 2-way ANOVA, SNK test).
Topical application of common commercial contact lens care solutions increases PA binding and reduces corneal surface cell exfoliation. Similar effects have also been reported with contact lens wear. Taken together, the data suggest that the use of lens solution itself may play a role in increasing PA binding to corneal epithelial cells and, hence, might potentially contribute inadvertently to increased risk for lens-related microbial keratitis.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Walter Matthew Petroll, Oct 06, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
75 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microbial keratitis (MK) is the most visually devastating complication associated with contact lens wear. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is highly invasive in the corneal epithelium and is responsible for more than half of the reported cases of contact lens-related MK. To protect against Pseudomonas-mediated MK, the corneal epithelium has evolved overlapping defense mechanisms that function to protect the ocular surface from microbial invasion. Research has shown that contact lens wear disrupts these protective mechanisms through breakdown of normal homeostatic surface renewal as well as damaging the corneal surface, exposing underlying cell membrane receptors that bind and internalize PA through the formation of lipid rafts. Human clinical trials have shown that initial adherence of PA with resulting increased risk for microbial infection is mediated in part by contact lens oxygen transmissibility. Recently, chemical preserved multipurpose solutions (MPS) have been implicated in increasing PA adherence to corneal epithelial cells, in addition to inducing significant levels of toxic staining when used in conjunction with specific silicone hydrogel lenses. This review summarizes what is currently known about the relationship between contact lenses, the corneal epithelium, MPS, and infection.
    Clinical Ophthalmology 02/2008; 2(4):907-917. · 0.76 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the capacity of neutrophils to enhance biofilm formation on contact lenses by an infectious Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) corneal isolate. Agents that target F-actin and DNA were tested as a therapeutic strategy for disrupting biofilms formed in the setting of neutrophils in vitro and for limiting the infectious bioburden in vivo. Biofilm formation by infectious PA strain 6294 was assessed in the presence of neutrophils on a static biofilm plate and on unworn etafilcon A soft contact lenses. A d-isomer of poly(aspartic acid) was used alone and with DNase to reduce biofilm formation on test contact lenses. The gentamicin survival assay was used to determine the effectiveness of the test compound in reducing subsequent intracellular bacterial load in the corneal epithelium in a contact lens infection model in the rabbit. In a static reactor and on hydrogel lenses, PA biofilm density was enhanced 30-fold at 24 hours in the presence of neutrophils (P < 0.0001). The combination of DNase and anionic poly(aspartic acid) reduced the PA biofilms formed in the presence of activated neutrophils by 79.2% on hydrogel contact lenses (P < 0.001). An identical treatment resulted in a 41% reduction in internalized PA in the rabbit corneal epithelium after 24 hours (P = 0.03). These results demonstrate that PA can exploit the presence of neutrophils to form biofilm on contact lenses within a short time. Incorporation of F-actin and DNA represent a mechanism for neutrophil-induced biofilm enhancement and are targets for available agents to disrupt pathogenic biofilms formed on contact lenses and as a treatment for established corneal infections.
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 04/2011; 52(5):2844-50. DOI:10.1167/iovs.10-6469 · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The article introduces the application of multi-serial-interface system in small-scale monitoring device based on c8051f020, which can achieve the combination of serial equipment with a number of different features and requirements, and describes the configuration of the relevant hardware and software in detail.
    Information Engineering, 2009. ICIE '09. WASE International Conference on; 08/2009