Response of patients with advanced prostatic cancer to administration of somatostatin analog RC-160 (vapreotide) at the time of relapse.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of administration of the somatostatin analog RC-160 (vapreotide) at the time of relapse in patients with androgen independent prostate cancer.
Our study included 13 patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer, stage D3. Eight patients had been treated with a depot formulation of the agonist D-Trp-6-LH-RH, with a median remission time of 68 (range 48-102 months). Five patients were initially treated by surgical orchiectomy, but relapsed after a median time of 33 months (range 17-91 months). A new remission period with a median duration of 10 months (range 2-29 months) was induced with Ketoconazole in the orchiectomy group. At the relapse time, all the patients received 1 mg of vapreotide t.i.d., by subcutaneous route, in addition to D-Trp-6-LH-RH, or Ketoconazole in the orchiectomy group.
Eight of 13 patients demonstrated clinical improvement after 3 months of therapy with vapreotide, six showing a decrease in serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) from 234.5 +/- 308.5 to 68.2 +/- 60.5 ng/ml (mean decline 71 +/- 8%; P < 0.05). Two additional patients presented a fall in serum prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP). Responding patients showed a decrease in the bone pain score from 2.62 +/- 0.48 to 0.37 +/- 0.69 and an increase in the Karnofsky performance status from 72.3 +/- 4.21 to 83.6 +/- 23.2 (P < 0.05). In accord with the ECOG criteria, two patients had a complete response; four had partial response, and two had a stable response. Four patients did not respond and one was not evaluable. Two patients died in remission, one at 16 months due to myocardial infarction and the other at 24 months due to pneumonia. Three patients relapsed at 5, 17, and 19 months respectively. Three patients who have been followed-up for more than 3 years continued in remission (79, 45, and 45 months) respectively. Vapreotide was well tolerated, only three patients having transitory mild diarrhea.
Our results indicate that therapy with the somatostatin analog vapreotide at the time of relapse can induce objective clinical responses in some patients with prostate cancer who are refractory to androgen ablation induced by LH-RH analogs or orchiectomy.
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ABSTRACT: Somatostatin is a hormone that regulates several physiological cell processes via specific receptors expressed throughout the body, in particular by nerve cells, many neuroendocrine cells, and cells mediating inflammation and immune responses. Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy achieved by administration of somatostatin labeled with a gamma-emitting isotope has become an integral part of the work-up and treatment-monitoring program in patients with neuroendocrine tumors, most of which overexpress somatostatin receptors. Several studies have convincingly established that somatostatin receptor scintigraphy benefits patients with a number of chronic inflammatory diseases, including sarcoidosis and other granulomatous diseases. In the evaluation of hematological diseases and detection of mesenchymatous tumors manifesting as oncogenic osteomalacia, the preliminary results are sufficiently promising to warrant larger studies aimed at defining the role for this noninvasive whole-body imaging technique. In the treatment area, the development of somatostatin analogs with antisecretory and antiproliferative effects has radically changed the management of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine and pituitary tumors. The antiinflammatory and analgesic effects of these drugs remain incompletely understood, but may prove useful in a number of autoimmune diseases.Joint Bone Spine 12/2004; 71(6):530-5. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Die Arbeit thematisiert den Einfluss von Somatostatin auf die experimentell herbeigeführten elektrophysiologischen Phänomene spreading depression, sowie die long-term potentiation in somatosensorischen, neokortikalen Schnitten des adulten Rattenhirns. Die elektrophysiologischen Aufzeichnungen, die in der dritten und fünften Schicht des somatosensorischen Neokortex aufgenommen wurden, zeigten nach der Gabe von Somatostatin, sowohl bei der durch KCl- Induktion in der sechsten Schicht herbeigeführten SD, als auch bei der Herbeiführung einer long- term potentation deutliche Veränderungen. Somatostatin führte zu einer dosisabhängigen Verringerung der SD-Amplitude, die Stärke und Dauer hingegen wurden nicht signifikant verändert. Bei der Untersuchung der LTP zeigte sich bei allen Versuchsdurchgängen eine Unterdrückung derselben. Der therapeutische Effekt von Somatostatin ist eventuell durch die modulierenden Aktionen auf die neokortikalen SD zu erklären.
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ABSTRACT: Somatostatin is a neuropeptide produced by paracrine cells that are located throughout the gastrointestinal tract, lung, and pancreas, and is also found in various locations of the nervous system. It exerts neural control over many physiological functions including inhibition of gastrointestinal endocrine secretion through its receptors. Potent and biologically stable analogs of somatostatin have been developed. These somatostatin analogs show different efficacy on different receptors, and receptors are varyingly concentrated in specific tissues. Antitumor and antisecretory effects of somatostatin analogs in cancer have been shown in several in vivo and in vitro studies. However, these activities have not always yielded into clinically relevant patient outcome benefit. Somatostatin analogs are of clinical benefit in treating symptoms of ectopic hormone secretion (adrenocorticotropic hormone, growth hormone-releasing hormone) in lung cancer, without inducing a significant tumor response. They have also been shown to induce a statistically significant decrease in bone pain and increase in Karnofsky performance status in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Somatostatin analogs alone or in combination with other agents have only limited antitumoral effect in breast cancer. In gastrointestinal cancers, studies have not shown an objective tumor response to somatostatin analogs except in endocrine tumors of the liver with symptomatic and biochemical improvement. In neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal system and pancreas, very high symptomatic and biochemical response rates have been achieved with somatostatin analogs. Antiproliferative activity has been clearly shown in metastatic midgut neuroendocrine tumors.OncoTargets and Therapy 01/2013; 6:471-83. · 2.07 Impact Factor