Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.
Department of Histopathology, University College London, London, UK.British Journal of Haematology (impact factor: 4.94). 07/2003; 121(5):681-91. pp.681-91
Article: EBV-associated lymphomas in adults.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous γ-herpes virus that infects most people but results in life-threatening diseases in only a small subset. Persons who are unable to maintain the virus in its latent state can develop uncontrolled EBV-driven lymphoproliferative disorders and lymphomas. EBV-associated lymphomas are well characterized in patients with known defects in cellular immunity as occurs post-transplantation or HIV/AIDS but are increasingly recognized in patients without overt immunodeficiencies. Improved understanding of the biology of these lymphomas and the role EBV plays in lymphomagenesis offer the opportunity for improved therapies targeted at important signaling pathways and immunotherapy specific against EBV viral antigens.Best practice & research. Clinical haematology 03/2012; 25(1):75-89. · 3.13 Impact Factor
Article: Secondary cutaneous Epstein-Barr virus-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a patient with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of literature.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Only a few cases of extranodal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated B-cell lymphomas arising from patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) have been described. We report a case of AITL of which secondary cutaneous EBV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) developed after the initial diagnosis of AITL. A 65-year-old Chinese male patient was diagnosed as AITL based on typical histological and immunohistochemical characteristics in biopsy of the enlarged right inguinal lymph nodes. The patient initially received 6 cycles of chemotherapy with CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, prednisone), but his symptoms did not disappear. Nineteen months after initial diagnosis of AITL, the patient was hospitalized again because of multiple plaques and nodules on the skin. The skin biopsy was performed, but this time the tumor was composed of large, polymorphous population of lymphocytes with CD20 and CD79a positive on immunohistochemical staining. The tumor cells were strong positive for EBER by in situ hybridization. The findings of skin biopsy were compatible with EBV-associated DLBCL. CHOP-R chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab) was then administered, resulting in partial response of the disease with pancytopenia and suppression of cellular immunity. To our knowledge, this is the first case of cutaneous EBV-associated DLBCL originated from AITL in Chinese pepole. We suggest the patients with AITL should perform lymph node and skin biopsies regularly in the course of the disease to detect the progression of secondary lymphomas.Diagnostic Pathology 01/2012; 7:7. · 1.64 Impact Factor
Article: Renal infarction due to polyarteritis nodosa in a patient with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: a case report and a brief review of the literature.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is one of the most common subtypes of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (15-20% of all cases), accounting for approximately 1-2% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas. It often presents autoimmune phenomena including hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, glomerulonephrities and circulating immune complexes (CIC). Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is an autoimmune disease characterized by necrotizing vasculitis of medium vessels, which rarely develops in association with hematological malignant disorders. Herein we report the case of a male patient with AITL who had a renal infarction secondary to PAN, mimicking a neoplastic lesion. A 40-year-old man underwent lymph node biopsy in the suspicious of sarcoidosis. On the basis of histological and immunohistochemical findings, a diagnosis of AITL was performed. The patient was successfully treated with a cytarabine-based regimen for 6 cycles. Three months after the initial diagnosis of AITL, a whole body CT-scan showed a lesion in the lower pole of the left kidney. A renal cell carcinoma was suspected, thus a nephrectomy was carried out. The histological findings were compatible with polyarteritis nodosa. To the best of our knowledge, the association between PAN and AITL has been described only once. This relation may be secondary to the induction of an autoimmune phenomenon by the lymphoma with the formation of circulating immune complexes, leading to vessel walls injury. A careful evaluation is needed in the management of AITL patients with signs of renal failure in order to avoid delay of treatment and organ damage. Key words: renal infarction, polyarteritis nodosa, T-cell lymphoma.Diagnostic Pathology 05/2012; 7(1):50. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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