Article

Morphological characteristics and immunohistochemical detection of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors on intestinofugal afferent neurones in guinea-pig colon

Enteric Neuroscience Program and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905 USA.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility (Impact Factor: 3.42). 06/2003; 15(3):289-98. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2982.2003.00411.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intestinofugal afferent neurones (IFANs) provide excitatory synaptic input to abdominal prevertebral ganglion neurones. Input is greatly reduced during blockade of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the wall of the colon, suggesting two projection pathways: a direct pathway without synaptic interruption and an indirect pathway interrupted by at least one nicotinic cholinergic synapse. This study aimed to characterize the morphology of IFANs and examine the distribution of nAChRs on them. We identified IFANs in guinea-pig colon by retrograde labelling with fluorescent tracer DiI placed either on the lumbar colonic nerves in vitro or inferior mesenteric ganglion in vivo. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and computerized image-processing software were used for 3D image reconstruction. Approximately 70% of identified IFANs had Dogiel type I-like morphology, the remainder were Dogiel type II-like. In vivo labelled IFANs were injected with Lucifer Yellow and immunostained for nAChRs using monoclonal antibody MAb35. Approximately 3% of total plasma membrane surface of IFANs with Dogiel type I morphology had MAb35-IR. In contrast, <1% of membrane surface of IFANs with Dogiel type II morphology had MAb35-IR. The finding that IFANs displayed immunostaining for nAChRs suggests the presence of putative nicotinic synapses.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Menachem Hanani, Nov 19, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
148 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) on the colon-inferior mesenteric ganglion (IMG) reflex loop in vitro. PACAP27 and PACAP38 applied to the IMG caused a prolonged depolarization and intense generation of fast EPSPs and action potentials in IMG neurones. Activation of PACAP-preferring receptors (PAC1-Rs) with the selective agonist maxadilan or vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)/PACAP (VPAC) receptors with VIP produced similar effects whereas prior incubation of the IMG with selective PAC1-R antagonists PACAP6-38 and M65 inhibited the effects of PACAP. Colonic distension evoked a slow EPSP in IMG neurones that was reduced in amplitude by prolonged superfusion of the IMG with either PACAP27, maxidilan, PACAP6-38, M65 or VIP. Activation of IMG neurones by PACAP27 or maxadilan resulted in an inhibition of ongoing spontaneous colonic contractions. PACAP-LI was detected in nerve trunks attached to the IMG and in varicosities surrounding IMG neurones. Cell bodies with PACAP-LI were present in lumbar 2-3 dorsal root ganglia and in colonic myenteric ganglia. Colonic distension evoked release of PACAP peptides in the IMG as measured by radioimmunoassay. Volume reconstructed images showed that a majority of PACAP-LI, VIP-LI and VAChT-LI nerve endings making putative synaptic contact onto IMG neurones and a majority of putative receptor sites containing PAC1-R-LI and nAChR-LI on the neurones were distributed along secondary and tertiary dendrites. These results suggest involvement of a PACAP-ergic pathway, operated through PAC1-Rs, in controlling the colon-IMG reflex.
    The Journal of Physiology 11/2004; 560(Pt 1):231-47. DOI:10.1113/jphysiol.2004.070060 · 4.54 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have compared the three-dimensional (3D) morphology of stubby and spiny neurons derived from the human small intestine. After immunohistochemical triple staining for leu-enkephalin (ENK), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and neurofilament (NF), neurons were selected and scanned based on their immunoreactivity, whether ENK (stubby) or VIP (spiny). For the 3D reconstruction, we focused on confocal data pre-processing with intensity drop correction, non-blind deconvolution, an additional compression procedure in z-direction, and optimizing segmentation reliability. 3D Slicer software enabled a semi-automated segmentation based on an objective threshold (interrater and intrarater reliability, both 0.99). We found that most dendrites of stubby neurons emerged only from the somal circumference, whereas in spiny neurons, they also emerged from the luminal somal surface. In most neurons, the nucleus was positioned abluminally in its soma. The volumes of spiny neurons were significantly larger than those of stubby neurons (total mean of stubbies 806 +/- 128 mum(3), of spinies 2,316 +/- 545 mum(3)), and spiny neurons had more dendrites (26.3 vs. 11.3). The ratios of somal versus dendritic volumes were 1:1.2 in spiny and 1:0.3 in stubby neurons. In conclusion, 3D reconstruction revealed new differences between stubby and spiny neurons and allowed estimations of volumetric data of these neuron populations.
    Histochemie 10/2008; 131(1):1-12. DOI:10.1007/s00418-008-0505-9 · 2.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The fluorescent dye Lucifer yellow (LY) was introduced in 1978, and has been extremely useful in studying cell structure and communications. This dye has been used mostly for labelling cells by intracellular injection from microelectrodes. This review describes the numerous applications of LY, with emphasis on the enteric nervous system and interstitial cells of Cajal. Of particular importance is the dye coupling method, which enables the detection of cell coupling by gap junctions.
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 07/2011; 16(1):22-31. DOI:10.1111/j.1582-4934.2011.01378.x · 3.70 Impact Factor