Effect of the desert plant Retama raetam on glycaemia in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
ABSTRACT The effect of the aqueous extract of Retama raetam (RR) on blood glucose levels was investigated in fasting normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats after single and repeated oral administration. The aqueous extract of RR at a dose of 20mg/kg significantly reduced the blood glucose in normal rats 6h after a single oral administration (P<0.005) and two weeks after repeated oral administration (P<0.05). This hypoglycaemic effect is more pronounced in streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats (P<0.001). The aqueous extract of RR had no effect on basal plasma insulin levels indicating that the underlying mechanism of RR activity is extra-pancreatic. These findings suggest that the aqueous extract of RR possess significant hypoglycaemic effect in both normal and STZ diabetic rats.
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ABSTRACT: Incidence of type II diabetes is rapidly increasing worldwide. In order to identify complementary or alternative approaches to existing medications, we studied anti-diabetic properties of Berberis lycium-a natural health product recommended for diabetes treatment in kashmir. The hypoglycemic activity of the aqueous and methanolic extracts of this plant at two dose levels of 250 and 500mg/kg b.wt in normal as well as in rats with Alloxan monohydrate induced diabetes was studied. The oral administration of aqueous and methanolic extract causes maximum fall of blood glucose level to 58.41% and 50.80% in diabetic rats respectively. The acute oral toxicity studies of the extracts revealed no toxic effects of the extracts. The extracts also lowered the levels of serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides, serum LDL, serum VLDL, serum SGOT, serum SGPT, and Serum ALP in diabetic rats. The histological studies depict that the extracts have a protective effect on the ß-cells of pancreas in diabetic rats in a dose dependent manner.journal of Pharmacy Research. 04/2011; 44(4):2570-2573.
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ABSTRACT: Retama raetam (Forssk) Webb & Berthel is well known in the folk medicine of North and East Mediterranean regions for the treatment of microbial infections. The powdered leaves are used to heal circumcision wounds and used as an antiseptic for wounds, skin rash and pruritus. In this study, to validate this antiseptic property, the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from the flowers of R. raetam was evaluated. The oil was obtained using hydrodistillation and was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The antibacterial activity was achieved using disc diffusion and broth dilution assay against six bacteria species. Analysis of the essential oil revealed the presence of β-linalool (51%), 2-decen-1-ol (6.6%) and limonene (7.4%) as the major components. The results showed significant activity against microorganisms, especially Staphylococcus aureus, with inhibition zones and minimal inhibitory concentration values in the range of 5.0 mm and 3.0 mg mL⁻¹, respectively. The results on the antibacterial activity provide scientific support for the use of these plants in traditional herbal preparations.Natural product research 05/2011; 25(9):927-33. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of Strobilanthes crispus extract for possible protection against lipid peroxidation and DNA damage induced by iron nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Fe-NTA is a potent nephrotoxic agent and induces acute and subacute renal proximal tubular necrosis by catalyzing the decomposition of H(2)O(2)-derived production of hydroxyl radicals, which are known to cause lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. Incubation of postmitochondrial supernatant and/or calf thymus DNA with H(2)O(2) (40 mM) in the presence of Fe-NTA (0.1 mM) induces lipid peroxidation and DNA damage to about 2.3-fold and 2.9-fold, respectively, as compared to control (P < 0.05). In lipid peroxidation protection studies, S. crispus treatment showed a dose-dependent inhibition (45-53% inhibition, P < 0.05) of Fe-NTA and H(2)O(2) induced lipid peroxidation. Similarly, in DNA damage protection studies, S. crispus treatment also showed a dose-dependent inhibition (18-30% inhibition, P < 0.05) of DNA damage. In addition, the protection was closely related to the content of phenolic compounds as evident by S. crispus extract showing the value of 124.48 mg/g total phenolics expressed as gallic acid equivalent (GAE, mg/g of extract). From these studies, it is concluded that S. crispus inhibits peroxidation of membrane lipids and DNA damage induced by Fe-NTA and H(2)O(2) and possesses the potential to be used to treat or prevent degenerative diseases where oxidative stress is implicated.Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 04/2010; 341(1-2):271-7. · 2.33 Impact Factor