[Manually-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy in a living donor].
ABSTRACT Manually assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy from a live donor combines the advantage of a mini-invasive approach with the advantage of the assisting hand in the abdominal cavity to which the surgeon is used from classical operations. The authors performed the first nephrectomy from a live donor by this method on May 13, 2002. Our initial experience with five nephrectomies by this method indicate that every subsequent operation was shorter and the period of warm ischemia was also shorter. There was no postoperative complication. In the second operation suppuration of the minilaparotomy occurred which protracted hospitalization and the convalescent period. The prerequisite of these operations is a certain amount of experience with laparoscopic operations. This type of nephrectomy has the general advantages of a miniinvasive approach, i.e. greater postoperative comfort and a shorter convalescence as compared with an open operation. The period of warm ischaemia does not differ markedly from nephrectmies by the classical procedure.