Inhibitory priming effects in auditory word recognition: when the target's competitors conflict with the prime word.

University of Bourgogne & C.N.R.S, Dijon, France.
Cognition (Impact Factor: 3.63). 08/2003; 88(3):B33-44. DOI: 10.1016/S0010-0277(03)00046-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Several studies indicate that the number of similar sounding words that are activated during recognition is a powerful predictor of performance on auditory targets. Words with few competitors are processed more quickly and accurately than words with many competitors. In the present study, we examined the contribution of the competitor set size in determining the magnitude of the inhibitory priming effect. The data show that the priming effect is stronger when word targets have few competitors. This result supports the view of direct competition between lexical candidates.

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    Language and Cognitive Processes 01/2012; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: What are the processes underlying word recognition in the toddler lexicon? Work with adults suggests that, by 5-years of age, hearing a word leads to cascaded activation of other phonologically, semantically and phono-semantically related words (Huang & Snedeker, 2010; Marslen-Wilson & Zwitserlood, 1989). Given substantial differences in children's sensitivity to phonological and semantic relationships between words in the first few years of life (Arias-Trejo & Plunkett, 2010; Newman, Samuelson, & Gupta, 2009; Storkel & Hoover, 2012), the current set of experiments investigated whether children younger than five also show such phono-semantic priming. Using a picture-priming task, Experiments 1 and 2 presented 2-year-olds with phono-semantically related prime-target pairs, where the label for the prime image is phonologically related (Experiment 1 - onset CV overlap, Experiment 2 - rhyme VC overlap) to a semantic associate of the target label. Across both experiments, toddlers recognised a word faster when this was preceded by a phono-semantically related prime relative to an unrelated prime. Overall, the results provide strong evidence that word recognition involves cascaded processing of phono-semantically related words by 2-years of age.
    Journal of Memory and Language 05/2012; 66(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jml.2012.03.003 · 2.65 Impact Factor
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