Functional treatment versus early immobilization in tension of the musculotendinous unit after Achilles rupture repair: A prospective, randomized, clinical study
ABSTRACT The aim of our prospective, randomized, clinical study was to compare two postoperative regimens after Achilles rupture repair and determine whether early functional treatment will give a better result than early immobilization in tension of the musculotendinous unit.
Fifty patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were randomized postoperatively to receive either early movement of the ankle between neutral and plantar flexion in a brace for 6 weeks or Achilles tendon immobilization in tension using a below-knee cast with the ankle in a neutral position for 6 weeks. Full weight bearing was allowed after 3 weeks in both groups. The patients were assessed clinically at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 weeks, and the last control visit took place at a mean of 60 (SD 6.4) weeks postoperatively.
The isokinetic calf muscle strength scores were excellent in 56%, good in 32%, fair in 8%, and poor in 4% of the patients in the early motion group at the last control checkup; whereas the scores in the cast group were excellent in 29%, good in 50%, and fair in 21% of the patients. The ankle performance scores were excellent or good in 88%, fair in 4%, and poor in 8% of the patients in the early motion group, whereas the scores in the cast group were excellent or good in 92% and fair in 8% of the patients. At 3 months and at the last control checkup, no significant differences were seen between the two groups with regard to pain, stiffness, subjective calf muscle weakness, footwear restrictions, range of ankle motion, isokinetic calf muscle strength, or overall outcome. The complications included one rerupture in the early motion group and one deep infection and two reruptures in the cast group. Deep infection and the rerupture in the cast group occurred in the same patient. The outcome of the complications was good in two cases and poor in one.
The isokinetic calf muscle strength results were somewhat better in the early motion group, whereas the other outcome results obtained in the two groups of patients were very similar. We recommend early functional postoperative treatment after Achilles rupture repair for athletes and well-motivated patients and for less-motivated patients and nonathletes.
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ABSTRACT: Treatment of neglected Achilles tendon rupture is very challenging. This randomized study aimed to compare the clinical outcome of early post-operative rehabilitation (EPR) with post-operative cast immobilization (PCI). Fifty-seven patients with neglected Achilles tendon rupture were randomized to receive EPR (n = 26) or PCI (n = 31) management following surgery. Clinical outcome was monitored by follow-up at weeks 8, 12, 18 and 26 and year 2. The significance of intergroup differences from the Leppilahti scoring system (LSS), ultrasonography, multislice spiral computerized tomography (MSCT) and electromyography was assessed. Ultrasonography and MSCT revealed no occurrence of tendon elongation or adhesion. Four patients could perform sustained single-leg heel-raise exercise for 60 s at post-operative day 40. The PCI group also showed increased post-operative LSS score, but recovery was slower. Post-operative complications, such as ankle joint ankylosis and osteoporosis, only occurred in the PCI group. Compared with cast immobilization, early post-operative rehabilitation results in better clinical outcome and faster overall tendon regeneration of neglected Achilles tendon rupture. II.Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3598-4 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy is a degenerative disease associated with disabling posterior heel pain, gait dysfunction and significant morbidity. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of complete excision of the pathological tendo-achilles segment in elderly patients with extensive involvement, and reconstructing the defect using a modified technique which was proposed to allow early weight-bearing and rehabilitation. Thirteen patients (mean age 58.2 years) with extensive insertional Achilles tendinopathy (seven with spontaneous rupture and six without rupture) were operated between January 2008 and July 2012. The average tendon gap after debridement was 6.8 cm. All patients were reconstructed with flexor hallucis longus tendon transfer augmented with a modified turn-down flap. Patient's satisfaction was evaluated using the American orthopedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS)-ankle-hindfoot scale. The mean follow-up period was 24.5 months. The AOFAS scores improved from 57.5 ± 8.44 preoperatively to 98.3 ± 1.01 at final follow-up (p < 0.001). Complete pain relieve was achieved in ten patients, while the other three had mild occasional pain. Eleven patients had excellent results, and two had good results. There was no single case of re-rupture, and two patients acquired superficial wound infection which was resolved conservatively. The modified technique provides a transfer with sufficient length and strength that can restore large tendo-achilles defects in elderly, and is stable enough to allow early protected weight-bearing and rehabilitation with favorable clinical result and minimal morbidity. Resection of all degenerated tendon tissue alleviates pain and improves function.European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 11/2014; 25(3). DOI:10.1007/s00590-014-1569-y · 0.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dynamic rehabilitation has been suggested to be an important part of nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture that results in functional outcome and rerupture rates comparable with those of operative treatment. However, the optimal role of weight-bearing during early rehabilitation remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare immediate weight-bearing with non-weight-bearing in a nonoperative dynamic treatment protocol for Achilles tendon rupture.The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 09/2014; 96(18):1497-503. DOI:10.2106/JBJS.M.01273 · 4.31 Impact Factor