Safety and Efficacy of Intratracheal Recombinant Human Clara Cell Protein in a Newborn Piglet Model of Acute Lung Injury

Cardiopulmonary Research Institute, Winthrop-University Hospital, SUNY Stony Brook School of Medicine, Mineola, New York 11501, USA.
Pediatric Research (Impact Factor: 2.31). 10/2003; 54(4):509-15. DOI: 10.1203/01.PDR.0000081300.49749.87
Source: PubMed


Despite the widespread use of exogenous surfactant, acute and chronic lung injury continues to be a major cause of morbidity in preterm infants. CC10 is a protein produced by Clara cells that inhibits phospholipase A2 and has anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic properties. We studied whether intratracheal (IT) recombinant human Clara cell protein (rhCC10) could safely minimize lung injury in a newborn piglet model of acute lung injury. Twenty-nine newborn piglets were given Survanta and then ventilated for 48 h receiving the following: room air (group 1); 100% O2 (group 2); or 100% O2 and 25, 5, or 1 mg/kg (groups 3, 4, and 5, respectively) of IT rhCC10 (diluted to 2 mL/kg with saline) at time 0. Laboratory studies, oxygen ratios, static pressure-volume curves, bronchoalveolar lavage (for inflammatory markers), and histologic analyses were performed over the 48-h study period. Pulmonary compliance and oxygenation were significantly improved in animals receiving 5 mg/kg IT rhCC10 compared with room air and 100% O2 controls (p < 0.004 and p < 0.05, respectively, ANOVA). Reductions in inflammatory markers were seen in animals receiving rhCC10, although changes did not reach statistical significance. No significant toxicity was noted. rhCC10 appeared safe and improved pulmonary function in this newborn piglet model of hyperoxic lung injury. We speculate that rhCC10 may represent a promising therapy for the prevention of lung injury in preterm infants.

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    • "This drug has been given endotracheally together with surfactant [21] achieving a significant reduction in lung tissue inflammation. Similar results in terms of inflammatory markers and lung function have been obtained in animal models of iRDS and MAS [23-25]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) is a group of enzymes involved in lung tissue inflammation and surfactant catabolism. sPLA2 plays a role in adults affected by acute lung injury and seems a promising therapeutic target. Preliminary data allow foreseeing the importance of such enzyme in some critical respiratory diseases in neonates and infants, as well. Our study aim is to clarify the role of sPLA2 and its modulators in the pathogenesis and clinical severity of hyaline membrane disease, infection related respiratory failure, meconium aspiration syndrome and acute respiratory distress syndrome. sPLA2 genes will also be sequenced and possible genetic involvement will be analysed. Multicentre, international, translational study, including several paediatric and neonatal intensive care units and one coordinating laboratory. Babies affected by the above mentioned conditions will be enrolled: broncho-alveolar lavage fluid, serum and whole blood will be obtained at definite time-points during the disease course. Several clinical, respiratory and outcome data will be recorded. Laboratory researchers who perform the bench part of the study will be blinded to the clinical data. This study, thanks to its multicenter design, will clarify the role(s) of sPLA2 and its pathway in these diseases: sPLA2 might be the crossroad between inflammation and surfactant dysfunction. This may represent a crucial target for new anti-inflammatory therapies but also a novel approach to protect surfactant or spare it, improving alveolar stability, lung mechanics and gas exchange.
    BMC Pediatrics 11/2011; 11(1):101. DOI:10.1186/1471-2431-11-101 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clara cell 10-kD protein (CC10) is a potent anti-inflammatory protein that is normally abundant in the respiratory tract. CC10 is deficient and oxidized in premature infants with poor clinical outcome (death or the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia). The safety, pharmacokinetics, and anti-inflammatory activity of recombinant human CC10 (rhCC10) were evaluated in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, multicenter trial in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome. A total of 22 infants (mean birth weight: 932 g; gestational age: 26.9 wk) received one intratracheal dose of placebo (n = 7) or 1.5 mg/kg (n = 8) or 5 mg/kg (n = 7) rhCC10 within 4 h of surfactant treatment. Pharmacokinetic analyses demonstrated that the serum half-life was 11.6 (1.5 mg/kg group) and 9.9 h (5 mg/kg group). Excess circulating CC10 was eliminated via the urine within 48 h. rhCC10-treated infants showed significant reductions in total cell count (p < 0.0002), neutrophil counts (p < 0.001), and total protein concentrations (p < 0.01) and tended to have decreased IL-6 (p < 0.07) in tracheal aspirate fluid collected over the first 3 d of life. Infants in all three groups showed comparable growth. At 36 wk postmenstrual age, five of seven infants were still hospitalized and two of seven infants were receiving oxygen in the placebo group compared with two of seven hospitalized and one of seven receiving oxygen in the 1.5-mg/kg group and four of six hospitalized and three of six receiving oxygen in the 5-mg/kg group. A single intratracheal dose of rhCC10 was well tolerated and had significant anti-inflammatory effects in the lung. Multiple doses of rhCC10 will be investigated for efficacy in reducing pulmonary inflammation and ameliorating bronchopulmonary dysplasia in future studies.
    Pediatric Research 07/2005; 58(1):15-21. DOI:10.1203/01.PDR.0000156371.89952.35 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test the hypothesis that intratracheal instillation of Clara cell secretory protein (CC 10) to the lung may afford greater protection than intravenous administration from ventilator-induced lung inflammation. Interventional laboratory study. An academic medical research facility in northeastern United States. Sedated, lavage-injured juvenile rabbits. A total of 18 juvenile rabbits were anesthetized, ventilated, injured with saline lavage (Pao2 of <100 mm Hg; respiratory compliance of <0.50 and <50% baseline), and randomized to receive intratracheally administered surfactant plus no recombinant human CC 10 (rhCC 10, control), intravenous rhCC 10, or intratracheal rhCC 10. Arterial blood chemistry and pulmonary mechanics were monitored; plasma and urine were collected serially. After 4 hrs of ventilation, lungs were lavaged and harvested. Surfactant function was analyzed from bronchoalveolar lavage samples (surfactometry); rhCC 10, interleukin-8, and lung myeloperoxidase concentrations were measured. Pao2, oxygenation index, ventilatory efficiency index, and respiratory compliance were not different across time or group beyond injury. Surfactometry data identified no differences as a function of group or time. Plasma, bronchoalveolar lavage, and lung interleukin-8 concentrations, lung myeloperoxidase concentrations, and inflammatory cell counts in the alveolar and interstitial spaces of intravenous and intratracheal groups were lower than in the control group (p < .05) but not statistically different from each other. Concentrations of rhCC 10 in lung, bronchoalveolar lavage, and plasma were greater in the intratracheal group than in the intravenous group (p<.05). Urine rhCC 10 concentrations were greater for the intravenous group than for the intratracheal group (p<.05) at 1, 3, and 4 hrs after treatment. No group differences in histomorphometry were noted. Both intravenous and intratracheal rhCC 10 delivery, after surfactant therapy, effectively decrease lung inflammation vs. surfactant alone. While supporting the physiologic profile, intratracheal instillation results in greater, maintained lung and plasma rhCC 10 pools compared with intravenous administration. As such, intratracheal instillation of rhCC 10 may afford more prolonged protection against lung inflammation than intravenous administration.
    Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 11/2005; 6(6):698-706. DOI:10.1097/01.PCC.0000165565.96773.08 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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