[Molecular genetic analysis of the interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha gene polymorphisms in multiple myeloma].

Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Ufa Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, 450054 Russia.
Molekuliarnaia biologiia 01/2003; 37(3):420-4.
Source: PubMed


The-174G alpha-->C polymorphism of the interleukin 6 (IL-6) gene promoter and the-308G alpha-->A polymorphism of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) gene promoter were tested for association with multiple myeloma (MM) varying in severity. Of 69 patients, 19 had aggressive MM, 26 had benign MM, and 24 had unidentified MM. The control group (N = 102) matched the test group in age and sex composition. The two groups did not significantly differ in allele and genotype frequencies of the IL-6 and TNF alpha genes. Genotype CC, which determines low-level expression of IL-6, occurred at a frequency of 0.35 in patients with low-progressing MM and was absent from patients with aggressive MM. The TNF alpha gene showed no association with predisposition to MM or clinical variant of the disease. On this evidence, the polymorphic variants of the cytokine genes were assumed to have no effect on predisposition to MM. As for MM progression, genotype CC of the IL-6 gene was associated with milder clinical signs in patients from Bashkortostan.

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    • ". Others could not confirm these results [19] [20]. Most recently in an extended study, Morgan et al. [21] observed a decreased risk of multiple myeloma associated with the TNF2 variant allele (odds ratio, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.38–0.86). "
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    ABSTRACT: The major inflammatory cytokines interleukin(IL)1beta, IL6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) play a crucial role in infection, inflammation and stress responses. Previously, three coding genes were resequenced, identifying promoter polymorphisms that were used in association studies of neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic disorders and cancer. These studies have produced intriguing but inconsistent results, potentially because the known functional variants: IL1B-511 C>T, IL6-174 G>C and TNF-308 G>A provided an incomplete picture of the total functional diversity at these genes. Therefore, we created marker panels for IL1B, IL6 and TNF/LTA that included the known functional marker but also other markers evenly spaced and with sufficient density to identify haplotype block structure and to maximize haplotype diversity. A total of 26 markers were genotyped in 96 US Caucasians and 96 African Americans. In both populations, a single block with little evidence of historical recombination was observed in IL1B, IL6 and TNF/LTA. For each gene, haplotypes captured the information content of each functional locus, even if that locus was not genotyped, and presumably haplotypes would capture the signal from unknown functional loci whose alleles are of moderate abundance. This study demonstrates the utility of using gene haplotype maps and marker panels as tools for linkage studies on related phenotypes.
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