[Neurobehavioral toxicity of acrylamide and IDPN (3,3'-iminodipropionitrile) in rats by 28-day oral administration--problems encountered in collaborative study and a commentary on conducting neurobehavioral testing].
ABSTRACT In order to clarify technical problems in evaluating neurotoxicity of chemicals and to solve them, a collaborative study with a common protocol was conducted at 11 domestic safety research laboratories. In the collaborative study, acrylamide and IDPN (3,3'-iminodipropionitrile), which are known neurotoxicants, were used, and the chemicals were orally administered to rats for 28 days. In addition to the clinical observation done routinely, detailed clinical observation, sensory and motor function tests including grip strength and motor activity were performed to evaluate neurobehavioral toxicity with reference to Functional Observational Battery (FOB). In general, neurobehavioral toxicity of the two chemicals was detected in the collaborative study. However, we also encountered technical problems, since neurobehavioral testing was unfamiliar to us. In the present report, we describe the major problems and how to solve them, and briefly explain the neurobehavioral testing procedure.
Article: A retrospective performance assessment of the developmental neurotoxicity study in support of OECD test guideline 426.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We conducted a review of the history and performance of developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) testing in support of the finalization and implementation of Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) DNT test guideline 426 (TG 426). INFORMATION SOURCES AND ANALYSIS: In this review we summarize extensive scientific efforts that form the foundation for this testing paradigm, including basic neurotoxicology research, interlaboratory collaborative studies, expert workshops, and validation studies, and we address the relevance, applicability, and use of the DNT study in risk assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The OECD DNT guideline represents the best available science for assessing the potential for DNT in human health risk assessment, and data generated with this protocol are relevant and reliable for the assessment of these end points. The test methods used have been subjected to an extensive history of international validation, peer review, and evaluation, which is contained in the public record. The reproducibility, reliability, and sensitivity of these methods have been demonstrated, using a wide variety of test substances, in accordance with OECD guidance on the validation and international acceptance of new or updated test methods for hazard characterization. Multiple independent, expert scientific peer reviews affirm these conclusions.Environmental Health Perspectives 02/2009; 117(1):17-25. · 7.04 Impact Factor