Body image concerns of breast augmentation patients

Department of Psychiatry, Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA.
Plastic &amp Reconstructive Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.33). 08/2003; 112(1):83-90. DOI: 10.1097/01.PRS.0000066005.07796.51
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study investigated the body image concerns of women who sought cosmetic breast augmentation. Thirty breast augmentation candidates completed several measures of body image before their initial surgical consultation. Thirty physically similar women who were not interested in breast augmentation were recruited from the medical center and university community and also completed the measures. Breast augmentation candidates, as compared with women not seeking augmentation, reported greater dissatisfaction with their breasts. Augmentation candidates rated their ideal breast size, as well as the breast size preferred by women, as significantly larger than did controls. In addition, women interested in breast augmentation reported greater investment in their appearance, greater distress about their appearance in a variety of situations, and more frequent teasing about their appearance. Finally, breast augmentation candidates also reported more frequent use of psychotherapy in the year before the operation as compared with women not seeking augmentation. These results replicate and extend previous studies of body image in cosmetic surgery patients.

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    • "In addition to the significant depletion of women's economic resources (Hesse-Biber et al. 2006; Tiggemann and Rothblum 1997), this high percentage of women undergoing cosmetic surgery is particularly troubling because of the numerous deleterious consequences associated with these procedures, which are well-known among cosmetic surgeons but virtually unknown among the general population, such as chronic pain, deadly infections, gangrene, nerve damage, loss of sensation, mutilated body parts, amputation, reoperation, cancer detection difficulty, suicide, and death (Haiken 1997; Jeffreys 2005; McLaughlin et al. 2004; Wolf 1991; Zones 2000). Researchers have linked a variety of interpersonal and intrapersonal variables to people's attitudes toward cosmetic surgery (Sarwer et al. 1998, 2003b; Swami and Furnham 2008), such as negative body image (Brown et al. 2007; Markey and Markey 2009), appearance-based self-esteem (Delinsky 2005), attachment anxiety (Davis and Vernon 2002), Big-Five personality traits (Swami et al. 2009a), previous personal or vicarious experiences with cosmetic surgery (Swami et al. 2008), intense-personal celebrity worship (Swami et al. 2009b), materialism and parental attitudes (Henderson-King and Brooks 2009), appearancerelated teasing (Markey and Markey 2009; Sarwer et al. 2003a, b), internalized media appearance ideals (Sarwer et al. 2005; Sperry et al. 2009), and appearance-based rejection sensitivity (Calogero et al. 2010; Park et al. 2009, 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated cosmetic surgery attitudes within the framework of objectification theory. One hundred predominantly White, British undergraduate women completed self-report measures of impression management, global self-esteem, interpersonal sexual objectification, self-surveillance, body shame, and three components of cosmetic surgery attitudes. As expected, each of the objectification theory variables predicted greater consideration of having cosmetic surgery in the future. Also, as expected, sexual objectification and body shame uniquely predicted social motives for cosmetic surgery, whereas self-surveillance uniquely predicted intrapersonal motives for cosmetic surgery. These findings suggest that women’s acceptance of cosmetic surgery as a way to manipulate physical appearance can be partially explained by the degree to which they view themselves through the lenses of sexual and self-objectification. KeywordsCosmetic surgery-Objectification theory-Self-surveillance-Body shame-Sexual objectification
    Sex Roles 07/2010; 63(1):32-41. DOI:10.1007/s11199-010-9759-5 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    • "As proposed, the results indicate that aging anxiety is indeed a relevant factor when examining cosmetic surgery attitudes in middle-aged women. Aging anxiety was a positive and unique predictor of social motivations for cosmetic surgery, suggesting that the many social benefits of a youthful appearance, such as greater employment (Saucier, 2004) and romantic prospects (Didie & Sarwer, 2003), may motivate use of these procedures by women during mid-life. Furthermore, aging anxiety was correlated (although not uniquely) with future consideration, indicating that it may in fact translate to cosmetic surgery use, via body dissatisfaction and appearance investment, providing an avenue for future research. "
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    Psychology of Women Quarterly 02/2010; 34(1):65 - 74. DOI:10.1111/j.1471-6402.2009.01542.x · 2.12 Impact Factor
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    • " highly valued that 24% of women and 17% of men " would surrender three years of their lives to be thinner " ( Alam & Dover 2001 ) . Breast augmentation patients , compared to controls , report greater health and greater investment in fitness and health , and also re - port higher rates of having been teased about their appearance in adolescence ( Sarwer et al . 2003 ) . A recent review of the psychological and psychosocial results of cosmetic surgery procedures ( Honigman et al . 2004 ) found high satisfaction among recipients of breast reduction and augmentation procedures vis - ` a - vis self - esteem , confidence , attractiveness , and body image , but something of a mixed bag among recipients o"
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    ABSTRACT: Everywhere the issue has been examined, people make discriminations about others’ physical attractiveness. Can human standards of physical attractiveness be understood through the lens of evolutionary biology? In the past decade, this question has guided much theoretical and empirical work. In this paper, we (a) outline the basic adaptationist approach that has guided the bulk of this work, (b) describe evolutionary models of signaling that have been applied to understand human physical attractiveness, and (c) discuss and evaluate specific lines of empirical research attempting to address the selective history of human standards of physical attractiveness. We also discuss ways evolutionary scientists have attempted to understand variability in standards of attractiveness across cultures as well as the ways current literature speaks to body modification in modern Western cultures. Though much work has been done, many fundamental questions remain unanswered.
    Annual Review of Anthropology 09/2005; 34:523-548. DOI:10.1146/annurev.anthro.33.070203.143733 · 2.55 Impact Factor
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