How Can Research Organizations More Effectively Transfer Research Knowledge to Decision Makers?

McMaster University.
Milbank Quarterly (Impact Factor: 3.38). 02/2003; 81(2):221-48, 171-2. DOI: 10.1111/1468-0009.t01-1-00052
Source: PubMed


Five questions--What should be transferred to decision makers? To whom should it be transferred? By whom? How? With what effect?--provide an organizing framework for a knowledge transfer strategy. Opportunities for improving how research organizations transfer research knowledge can be found in the differences between the answers suggested by our understanding of the research literature and those provided by research-organization directors asked to describe what they do. In Canada, these opportunities include developing actionable messages for decision makers (only 30 percent of research organizations frequently or always do this), developing knowledge-uptake skills in target audiences and knowledge-transfer skills in research organizations (only 20 to 22 percent frequently or always do this), and evaluating the impact of knowledge-transfer activities (only 8 to 12 percent frequently or always conduct an evaluation). Research funders can help research organizations take advantage of these opportunities.

Download full-text


Available from: John N. Lavis, Jan 02, 2015
  • Source
    • "Others have explored the moral dimension of debates over harm reduction programmes for drug users (Keane, 2003; Rhodes et al, 2010). Lavis et al (2002), draw on literature from political science to identify ideas, interests, and institutions as key factors influencing the use of health services research in policy making (see also Lavis et al, 2003). Similarly, Smith (2013a) utilises both ideational and institutional theories to explain the use of evidence in recent UK health policy decisions. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Calls for evidence-based policy often fail to recognise the fundamentally political nature of policy making. Policy makers must identify, evaluate and utilise evidence to solve policy problems in the face of of competing priorities and political agendas. Evidence should inform but cannot determine policy choices. This paper draws on theories of 'good governance' to develop a framework for analysing and evaluating processes of evidence-informed policy making. 'Good governance' requires the use of appropriate bodies of high-quality evidence to inform policy and promotes decision-making processes that are transparent, accountable and open to contestation by the populations they govern. keywords: evidence-informed policy • good governance • knowledge translation
  • Source
    • "The analysis also revealed several forms of knowledge use other than the well-known instrumental one which, although easier to observe, may prove less sensitive to a KB intervention (Amara et al., 2004; Nutley et al., 2007; Strauss et al., 2010). It would therefore likely be relevant to study various forms of knowledge use in more depth, using different measures and indicators, to better capture the direct and indirect effects of KB (Hanney, Gonzalez-Block, Buxton & Kogan, 2003; Lavis, Ross, McLeod & Gildiner, 2003; Strauss et al., 2010). The analysis based on the ISF model confirm the importance of the interpersonal dimension of KB as a key factor in knowledge use (Carpenter et al., 2003; Dobbins, Robeson et al., 2009; Haines, Kuruvilla & Borchert, 2004; Thompson et al., 2006). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Empirical data on the processes underlying knowledge brokering (KB) interventions, including their determining factors and effects, remain scarce. Furthermore, these interventions are rarely built on explicit theoretical foundations, making their critical analysis difficult, even a posteriori. For these reasons, it appeared relevant to revisit the results of a qualitative evaluation undertaken in the province of Quebec in parallel with a Canada-wide randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating various KB strategies in public health. This paper looks critically at the theoretical foundations of the KB interventions in light of two conceptual models: (1) the dissemination model underlying the KB interventions used in the Canadian trial and (2) a systemic KB model developed later. This critical analysis sheds light on the processes involved in KB interventions and the factors influencing their implementation and effects. The conclusions of the critical analysis are consistent with the systemic model, in which interpersonal contact is an essential condition for effective KB interventions. This analysis may advance knowledge in the field by enhancing our understanding of the role of knowledge brokers as essential mediators in KB processes and outcomes. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Evaluation and Program Planning 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2015.07.003 · 0.90 Impact Factor
    • "Many studies have focused on the theoretical underpinnings of knowledge translation or on steps that need to be taken in order to facilitate evidence-informed decision making. Few studies evaluate the actual implementation of these steps, especially when it comes to the domain of the knowledge provider, as was done in the present study (Lavis et al, 2003; Mitton et al, 2007).This study provides an empirical contribution to the development of a knowledge base concerning efforts to enhance evidence-informed decision making. An important asset of the tool that was developed and implemented is that it was developed in collaboration with policy makers. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One of the barriers regarding evidence-informed decision making is the gap between the needs of policy makers and the ways researchers present evidence. This pilot study evaluates the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a tool to enhance transparent and unambiguous communication on scientific evidence by knowledge workers.Therefore, mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative) were applied.The results indicate that to promote successful implementation of such a tool, efforts should be undertaken to provide time and guidance on how to adapt routines and on how to apply the tool to various products.
Show more