Crithidia guilhermei: gelatin- and haemoglobin-degrading extracellular metalloproteinases.
ABSTRACT The extracellular metalloproteinases of the insect trypanosomatid Crithidia guilhermei were characterized through the incorporation of different protein substrates (gelatin, casein, haemoglobin, and bovine serum albumin) into SDS-PAGE. Two gelatinases (60 and 80 kDa) showed ability to degrade casein as well and a 67-kDa enzyme presented the broadest specificity since it was also able to degrade casein and haemoglobin. Besides the 67-kDa extracellular proteinases detected on haemoglobin-SDS-PAGE, a 43-kDa haemoglobinase was only observed with this substrate. All C. guilhermei proteinases were incapable of using bovine serum albumin. C. guilhermei was also grown in four different culture media and the best proteinase production was reached using yeast extract-peptone medium containing glucose as the major carbon source. The results point to the importance of the use of distinct culture media and proteinaceous substrates on the characterization of extracellular proteolytic activities in trypanosomatids, since alterations in growth conditions and methods of detection could lead to distinct proteolytic profiles.
- SourceAvailable from: André Luis Souza dos Santos[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the characterization of cell-associated and extracellular peptidases of Bodo sp., a free-living flagellate of the Bodonidae family, order Kinetoplastida, which is considered ancestral to the trypanosomatids. This bodonid isolate is phylogenetically related to Bodo caudatus and Bodo curvifilus. The proteolytic activity profiles of Bodo sp. were determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis containing co-polymerized gelatin, casein, hemoglobin, or bovine serum albumin as substrates. The enzymatic complex degraded gelatin better in acidic pH, and under these conditions four proteolytic bands (120, 100, 90, and 75 kDa) were detected in the cellular or extracellular extracts. Two peptidases (250 and 200 kDa) were exclusively detected with the substrate casein. All these enzymes belong to the serine peptidase class, based on inhibition by aprotinin and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride. This is the first biochemical characterization of peptidases in a free-living Bodo sp., potentially providing insight into the physiology of these protozoa and the evolutionary importance of peptidases to the order Kinetoplastida as some of these enzymes are important virulence factors in pathogenic trypanosomatids.Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 01/2009; 56(5):454-8. · 2.16 Impact Factor
- Gel Electrophoresis - Advanced Techniques, 04/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0457-5
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ABSTRACT: Cellular and extracellular peptidase profiles from non-infected and Trypanosoma cruzi-infected hepatocyte cell cultures were characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) containing different copolymerized proteins as substrates. A 100 kDa metallopeptidase activity was detected in the cellular extracts and in the culture supernatant fluids of both systems, had the ability to exclusively degrade gelatin. However, non-infected hepatocytes produced an additional extracellular metallopeptidase of 85 kDa. In the non-infected and in the infected hepatocytes, a cysteine peptidase migrating in gelatin-SDS-PAGE at 60 kDa presented the broadest specificity, since it was also able to hydrolyze casein and hemoglobin. The 100 kDa component was only detected at alkaline pH and predominantly expressed in non-infected hepatocytes. Conversely, the 60 kDa cysteine peptidase was only observed in acidic condition and its production was robustly augmented in T. cruzi-infected cells, probably due to the cysteine peptidase synthesized by the parasites, as corroborated by immunoblotting assay using anti-cruzipain antibody. Collectively, these results suggest that peptidases may be involved in the interaction process between T. cruzi and hepatocytes in vitro.International journal of biomedical science : IJBS. 06/2008; 4(2):97-102.