Ena/VASP proteins are implicated in cytoskeletal reorganization during actin-dependent motility processes. Recruitment to subcellular sites of actin polymerization is mediated by the highly conserved N-terminal EVH1 domain, which interacts with target proteins containing proline-rich motifs. The VASP EVH1 domain specifically binds peptides with the consensus motif FPPPP present in all its binding partners, including the Listerial ActA protein. Previous studies have shown that the Phe and first and final Pro residues are highly conserved and cannot be substituted with any other natural amino acid without significant loss of binding affinity. We have incorporated peptoid building blocks (sarcosine derived, non-natural amino acids) into the peptide SFEFPPPPTEDEL from the Listerial ActA protein and were able to substitute the most highly conserved residues of this motif while maintaining binding to the VASP EVH1 domain with affinities in the range of 45-180 microm. We then used NMR chemical shift perturbations to locate specific domain residues involved in particular interactions. These studies may open up the way for designing selective modulators of VASP function for biological studies and for the development of novel therapeutics for diseases involving pathologically altered cell adhesion or cell motility.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper describes the design of the highest affinity ligands for Grb2 SH3 domains reported so far. These compounds were designed by combining N-alkyl amino acid incorporation in a proline-rich sequence with subsequent dimerization of the peptoid sequence based on structural data and molecular modeling. Optimization of the linker size is discussed, and the N-alkyl amino acid incorporation into both monomeric halves is reported. Because the affinity for Grb2 of the optimized compounds was too high to be measured using the fluorescent modifications that they induce on the Grb2 emission spectrum, a competition assay was developed. In this test, Grb2 is pulled down from a cellular extract by the initial VPPPVPPRRR peptide bound to Sepharose beads. In the presence of competitors, the test quantifies the amount of Grb2 displaced from the beads. It has enabled us to determine a K(i) value in the 10(-10) M range for the highest affinity Grb2 peptoid analogue dimer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the year 2003 there was a 17% increase in the number of publications citing work performed using optical biosensor technology compared with the previous year. We collated the 962 total papers for 2003, identified the geographical regions where the work was performed, highlighted the instrument types on which it was carried out, and segregated the papers by biological system. In this overview, we spotlight 13 papers that should be on everyone's 'must read' list for 2003 and provide examples of how to identify and interpret high-quality biosensor data. Although we still find that the literature is replete with poorly performed experiments, over-interpreted results and a general lack of understanding of data analysis, we are optimistic that these shortcomings will be addressed as biosensor technology continues to mature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the stepwise transformation of a linear peptide epitope recognized by the anti-transforming growth factor alpha monoclonal antibody Tab2 into peptomers and finally into peptoid analogs. The key experiment in this study is the substitution analysis in which each position of the peptide is exchanged by a set of different peptoid building blocks resulting in a peptidomimetic array. After probing the array toward antibody binding, the best binding peptomer spots were selected and subjected to a successive transformation. The best peptoid found in this study has a K(D) of 200 nM when binding to Tab2, which is only 8-fold higher than the starting peptide. Moreover, this approach permits to ask directly questions about the transformation of peptide lead structures into non-peptidic compounds in the context of protein recognition.
Protein and Peptide Letters 02/2006; 13(8):829-33. DOI:10.2174/092986606777841299 · 1.07 Impact Factor
Ivonne Gamper, David Fleck, Meltem Barlin, Marc Spehr, Sara El Sayad, Henning Kleine, Sebastian Maxeiner, Carmen Schalla, Gülcan Aydin, Mareike Hoss, David W Litchfield, B. Luscher, Martin Zenke, Antonio Sechi,
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