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Available from: Marisol E Otero, Nov 26, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The tenascin-XB (TNXB) gene has antiadhesive effects, functions in matrix maturation in connective tissues, and localizes to the major histocompatibility complex class III region. We hypothesized that it may influence adaptive physiological response through an effect on blood vessel function. We identified a novel g.1324 A→G polymorphism at a TaqI recognition site in a 454 bp fragment of ovine TNXB and genotyped it in 150 Nigerian sheep using PCR-RFLP. The missense mutation changes glutamic acid (GAA) to glycine (GGA). Among SNP genotypes, significant differences (P < 0.05) were observed in body weight and fore cannon bone length. Interaction effects of breed, SNP genotype, and geographic location had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on chest girth. The SNP genotype was significantly (P < 0.05) associated with physiological traits of pulse rate and skin temperature. The observed effect of this novel polymorphism may be mediated through its role in connective tissue biology, requiring further association and functional studies.
    Biochemical Genetics 07/2013; DOI:10.1007/s10528-013-9622-9 · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Collagen VI is a major extracellular matrix (ECM) protein with a critical role in maintaining skeletal muscle functional integrity. Mutations in COL6A1, COL6A2 and COL6A3 genes cause Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (UCMD), Bethlem Myopathy, and Myosclerosis. Moreover, Col6a1(-/-) mice and collagen VI deficient zebrafish display a myopathic phenotype. Recently, two additional collagen VI chains were identified in humans, the α5 and α6 chains, however their distribution patterns and functions in human skeletal muscle have not been thoroughly investigated yet. By means of immunofluorescence analysis, the α6 chain was detected in the endomysium and perimysium, while the α5 chain labeling was restricted to the myotendinous junctions. In normal muscle cultures, the α6 chain was present in traces in the ECM, while the α5 chain was not detected. In the absence of ascorbic acid, the α6 chain was mainly accumulated into the cytoplasm of a sub-set of desmin negative cells, likely of interstitial origin, which can be considered myofibroblasts as they expressed α-smooth muscle actin. TGF-β1 treatment, a pro-fibrotic factor which induces trans-differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts, increased the α6 chain deposition in the extracellular matrix after addition of ascorbic acid. In order to define the involvement of the α6 chain in muscle fibrosis we studied biopsies of patients affected by Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). We found that the α6 chain was dramatically up-regulated in fibrotic areas where, in contrast, the α5 chain was undetectable. Our results show a restricted and differential distribution of the novel α6 and α5 chains in skeletal muscle when compared to the widely distributed, homologous α3 chain, suggesting that these new chains may play specific roles in specialized ECM structures. While the α5 chain may have a specialized function in tissue areas subjected to tensile stress, the α6 chain appears implicated in ECM remodeling during muscle fibrosis.
    Matrix biology: journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 04/2012; 31(3):187-96. DOI:10.1016/j.matbio.2011.12.003 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tenascin-X is an extracellular matrix protein whose absence leads to an Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in humans, mainly characterised by connective tissue defects including the disorganisation of fibrillar networks, a reduced collagen deposition, and modifications in the mechanical properties of dense tissues. Here we tested the effect of tenascin-X on in vitro collagen fibril formation. We observed that the main parameters of fibrillogenesis were unchanged, and that the diameter of fibrils was not significantly different when they were formed in the presence of tenascin-X. Interestingly, mechanical analysis of collagen gels showed an increased compressive resistance of the gels containing tenascin-X, indicating that this protein might be directly involved in determining the mechanical properties of collagen-rich tissues in vivo.
    Biophysical chemistry 03/2010; 147(1-2):87-91. DOI:10.1016/j.bpc.2009.12.011 · 2.32 Impact Factor