Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) can occur after stem cell transplantation, but the aetiology is unknown. Based on the association between angiitis syndrome and Helicobacter pylori infection, we identified possible risk factors common to these two conditions. Among 83 patients who underwent stem cell transplantation, four developed IIP. We elucidated various parameters and clinical features in four patients with IIP and 79 patients without, after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. In all four patients, (1) the conditioning regimen induced total body irradiation, (2) serological reactivation of cytomegalovirus and/or human herpesvirus-6 preceded the onset of IIP, (3) their human leucocyte antigen types were among those suspected to increase susceptibility to angiitis syndrome, (4) serum anti-H. pylori antibody was positive before conditioning and remained positive throughout the post-transplantation course, (5) inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6, 8 and 12) were increased during the period of leucocyte recovery after transplantation and (6) the levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, thrombomodulin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were increased at the onset of IIP. These findings suggest the possibility that angiitis syndrome and H. pylori infection are involved in the pathogenesis of post-transplantation IIP.
"No compound infectious complication was identified, which might be attributed to prophylactic administration of antimicrobials for HSCT recipients. The detailed pathophysiologies of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (13-17) and idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (18-21) have not been clarified yet, and the treatment options of these diseases are limited. In general, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage during the pre-engraftment period after HSCT results mainly from idiopathic etiologies and rarely from infections (13-17). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite advanced effective prophylaxes, pulmonary complications still occur in a high proportion of all hematopoietic stem cell recipients, accounting for considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to describe the causes, incidences and mortality rates secondary to pulmonary complications and risk factors of such complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We reviewed the medical records of 287 patients who underwent either autologous or allogeneic HSCT for hematologic disorders from February 1996 to October 2003 at Samsung Medical Center (134 autografts, 153 allografts). The timing of pulmonary complications was divided into pre-engraftment, early and late period. The spectrum of pulmonary complications included infectious and non-infectious conditions. 73 of the 287 patients (25.4%) developed pulmonary complications. Among these patients, 40 (54.8%) and 29 (39.7%) had infectious and non-infectious conditions, respectively. The overall mortality rate from pulmonary complications was 28.8%. Allogeneic transplant, grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and extensive chronic GVHD were the risk factors with statistical significance for pulmonary complications after HSCT. The mortality rates from pulmonary complications following HSCT were high, especially those of viral and fungal pneumonia, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and idiopathic pneumonia syndrome.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 07/2006; 21(3):406-11. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2006.21.3.406 · 1.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors present the high-resolution computed tomography findings of a patient with idiopathic pneumonia syndrome after bone marrow transplantation. The main finding consisted of extensive ground-glass opacities superimposed to mild interlobular septal thickening, resulting in the appearance termed "crazy-paving". Following the clinical, laboratorial and imaging criteria, the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary syndrome was defined and corticosteroids were introduced. The clinical symptoms improved in the following days, and the patient was discharged from the hospital.
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