Application of endoscopy for a midbrain tumor.
ABSTRACT It has been difficult to obtain a biopsy of a midbrain lesion. In addition, proper cerebrospinal fluid diversion should be secured because progressing tumor in the midbrain causes obstructive hydrocephalus. We report on the superiority of flexible neuroendoscopy to treat progressing midbrain tumor.
A 64-year-old man presented with an occasional double vision. A magnetic resonance imaging scan disclosed an enhancing lesion in the midbrain.
We performed a neuroendoscopic biopsy of the tumor and third ventriculostomy. Neuroendoscopy confirmed a bulging of the posterior commissure, which caused stenosis of the entrance of the aqueduct. Histological examination of the specimen obtained disclosed a diffuse astrocytoma. No permanent postoperative complications occurred although the patient felt slight double vision for 2 days after the operation. Conventional radiation therapy was supplemented.
Flexible neuroendoscopic biopsy with third ventriculostomy was a less-invasive and safer alternative for the progressing midbrain tumor bulging into the ventricles.
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ABSTRACT: Considering the separate benefits of neuronavigation and neuroendoscopy, neuroendoscopic surgery with the aid of neuronavigation systems will play an increasingly important role in the future. Bearing this in mind, the present research project was conducted to facilitate neuronavigational neuroendoscopic surgery along the pathway to the prepontine cistern using cadaver heads. A computer-aided, frameless image-guided stereotactic navigation system and a new type of handy rigid-rod neuroendoscope were used. The ideal entry point and the safest trajectory to the prepontine cistern through the foramen of Monro were defined in two formalin-fixed cadaver heads and clinical brain MRI data. Then, maneuvering of the neuroendoscope with the aid of the neuronavigation system was performed. Straight trajectories from the entry point to the prepontine cistern could be designed. For the registration accuracy of the tip of the neuroendoscope, the virtual image registered a mean error distance of 5.42 mm away from the reference point along the axis of vertical line. However, free-hand maneuvering enabled the neuroendoscope to be finely manipulated without damaging brain tissues. Neuroendoscopic anatomical views of the interpeduncular and prepontine cistern were also acquired. Interactive use of free-hand maneuvering of the handy rigid-rod neuroendoscope together with frameless neuronavigation systems plot the way to true neuronavigational neuroendoscopic surgery in a safe and reliable manner. This pairing of the most recent technological neurosurgical options with better understanding of neuroendoscopic anatomy enables the neurosurgeon to acquire broader treatment options for central nervous system diseases.Child s Nervous System 02/2006; 22(1):18-27. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intracranial germinoma arising primarily in the midbrain is extremely rare. We present the first reported case of cystic midbrain germinoma that lacked evident solid components and mimicked a midbrain glioma. In a 22-year-old man with headache and diplopia, magnetic resonance imaging showed a ring-enhancing lesion in the midbrain. The preoperative diagnosis included brain stem glioma, metastasis, and neuroepithelial cyst. A neuroendoscopic biopsy specimen provided a histologic diagnosis of germinoma. The patient responded well to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The case illustrates the diagnostic value of neuroendoscopic biopsy in the differential diagnosis of brainstem lesions in adult. The possibilities considered should now include germinoma.Journal of Neuro-Oncology 10/2006; 79(3):255-8. · 3.12 Impact Factor