Estimation of the lipophilicity of antiarrhythmic and antihypertensive active 1-substituted pyrrolidin-2-one and pyrrolidine derivatives.
ABSTRACT The lipophilicity of some antiarrhythmic and antihypertensive active 1-[2-hydroxy- or 1-[2-acetoxy-3-(4-aryl-1-piperazinyl)propyl]pyrrolidin-2-one derivatives (1-12) has been investigated. Their lipophilicity (R(MO) and log k') was determined by reversed-phase thin-layer chromatography and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with mixtures of acetonitrile and Tris buffer as mobile phases. The partition coefficients of compounds 1-12 (log P(ScilogP)) were also calculated with the ScilogP program. Comparison of R(MO), log k' and calculated log D(7.0 ScilogP) values enabled calculation of clog D(7.0 TLC) and clog D(7.0 HPLC) values. Preliminary quantitative structure-activity relationship studies indicated that for active compounds there is a dependence between affinity for alpha(2)-adrenoceptors and their clog D(7.0 HPLC) values.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A series of 1-substituted pyrrolidin-2-one and pyrrolidine derivatives were synthesised and tested for electrocardiographic, antiarrhythmic, and antihypertensive activity as well as for alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors binding affinities. Among the newly synthesised derivatives several compounds with 3-(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)propyl moiety displayed strong antiarrhythmic (7a-12a) and antihypertensive (7a-11a) activities. Compound 11a, 1-[2-acetoxy-3-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl]pyrrolidin-2-one, was the most potent in this series. The pharmacological results and binding studies suggest that their antiarrhythmic and hypotensive effects may be related to their alpha-adrenolytic properties, and that those properties depend on the presence of the 1-phenylpiperazine moiety with a methoxy- or chloro- substituent in the ortho position in the phenyl ring.European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/2002; 37(3):183-95. · 3.50 Impact Factor