Monitoring the biomechanical response of individual cells under compression: a new compression device.
ABSTRACT Skeletal muscle cells are sensitive to sustained compression, which can lead to the development of pressure sores. Although it is known that this type of tissue breakdown depends on the magnitude and duration of the applied load, the exact relationship between cell deformation and damage remains unclear. To gain more insight into this process, a method has been developed, that incorporates the use of a new loading device and confocal microscopy. The loading device is able to compress individual cells, either statically or dynamically, while measuring the resulting forces. Experiments can be performed under ideal environmental conditions, comparable with those of a CO2 incubator. First compression experiments on C2C12 mouse myoblasts showed the shape changes that cells undergo during static compression by the loading device. Calculations using the three-dimensional confocal images showed no change in volume and an increase in the surface area of the cell as a result of compression. The device presented here provides a useful way to monitor the biomechanical response of skeletal muscle cells during long-term compression experiments. Therefore it will contribute to the knowledge about strain-induced cell damage, as seen in pressure sores and other mechanically induced clinical conditions.
- SourceAvailable from: Ivana Pajić-Lijaković[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Various modeling approaches have been applied to describe the rearrangement of immobilized cell clusters within the extracellular matrix. The cell rearrangement has been related with the micro-environmental restrictions to cell growth. Herein, an attempt is made to discuss and connect various modeling approaches on various time scales which have been proposed in the literature in order to shed further light to this complex phenomenon which induces micro-environmental restrictions to cell growth. The rearrangement is driven by internal stress generated within the cluster. The internal stress represents a consequence of the matrix rheological response to cell expansion. The rearrangement includes the interplay between the processes of: (1) single and collective cell migrations, (2) cell deformation and orientation, (3) decrease of cell-to-cell separation distances and (4) cell growth. It has been considered on two time scales: a short time scale (i.e. the rearrangement time) and a long time scale (i.e. the growing time). The results indicate that short and long times cell rearrangement induces energy dissipation. The dissipation provokes biological responses of cells which cause the resistance effects to cell growth. Deeper insight in the anomalous nature of the energy dissipation would be useful for understanding the biological mechanisms which causes the resistance effects to cell growth.Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 03/2014; DOI:10.3109/07388551.2014.889078 · 7.84 Impact Factor
Article: Nuclear mechanics and methods[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The role of the nucleus in protecting and sequestering the genome is intrinsically mechanical, and disease-causing structural mutants in lamins and other components underscore this function. Various methods to measure nuclear mechanics, isolated or in situ, are outlined here in some detail.Methods in cell biology 02/2007; 83:269-94. DOI:10.1016/S0091-679X(07)83011-1 · 1.44 Impact Factor