Ciclopirox gel for seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp.
ABSTRACT Seborrheic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disorder that usually occurs in patients with pre-existing seborrhea. The etiology of seborrheic dermatitis is uncertain. Typically, sites dense with sebaceous glands support growth of the lipophilic yeast Malassezia furfur. Ciclopirox (Loprox) gel is a hydroxypyridone, broad-spectrum antifungal agent proven effective against the yeast M. furfur.
A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle controlled study of 178 subjects evaluated the efficacy of ciclopirox gel in treating seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp.
One hundred and seventy-eight subjects were randomized to apply either ciclopirox gel 0.77% twice daily, or vehicle twice daily for 28 days. Subjects' signs and symptoms of severity (erythema, scaling, pruritus and burning) were rated on a scale of 0-3 (none to severe); for inclusion, a minimum score of 4, for the sum of the individual ratings was required. Efficacy evaluations were performed at baseline, days 4, 8, 15, 22, 29, and at end-point (final visit, up to day 33). The primary efficacy variable was clinical response assessed by a global improvement, based on a scale of 0-5 (100% clearance to flare of treatment area). Changes in signs/symptoms severity scores within the target lesion were also evaluated.
Global evaluation scores demonstrated that significantly more ciclopirox-treated subjects achieved over 75% improvement compared with vehicle at days 22, 29, and endpoint (P < 0.01). Change-from-baseline mean score for total signs and symptoms was significantly greater in ciclopirox subjects compared with vehicle subjects at the same time points as above (P < 0.001), as well as day 15 (P < 0.01). Twenty-nine percent of subjects rated ciclopirox as having excellent cosmetic acceptability. There were only mild adverse events, with the most common being burning sensation in 13% of ciclopirox subjects and 9% of vehicle subjects.
Ciclopirox gel is effective and safe in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp.
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ABSTRACT: Malassezia furfur is an anthropophilic fungus that belongs to the physiological skin flora. The fungus can grow in a yeast phase as well as in a mycelial phase; on nonaffected skin the fungus is mainly prevalent in the yeast phase. The organism has complex lipid requirements for growth, which also explains its occurrence on the skin. This also leads to the requirement for specially supplemented media for in vitro cultivation. Malassezia furfur is the causative agent of pityriasis versicolor. It also seems to be associated with seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff formation, folliculitis, confluent and reticulate papillomatosis, and the provocation of psoriatic lesions. Many substances for topical application, such as azole antimycotics, ciclopirox olamine, piroctone-olamine, zinc pyrithione, or sulfur-containing substances are effective in the treatment of these diseases. In recent years rare cases of systemic infections and fungemias caused by Malassezia have been reported.Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner 02/1997; 59(1):21-4. · 0.82 Impact Factor
Article: Seborrheic dermatitis.International Journal of Dermatology 01/1992; 30(12):843-4. · 1.34 Impact Factor
Article: Sebonheic DermatitisInternational Journal of Dermatology - INT J DERMATOL. 01/1991; 30(12):843-844.