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ABSTRACT Several human cancers, including small cell lung, prostate, breast, gastric, colon and pancreatic cancers, express receptors for bombesin-like peptides. Bombesin (BN) peptides that bind specifically to these receptors are useful for detection of bombesin receptor-expressing cancers in vivo. A new 99mTc-labelled-BN peptide for targeting bombesin receptor-expressing cancers was prepared and characterized.
MAG3-coupled BN peptide (MAG3-BN) was prepared by solid-phase synthesis and radiolabelled with 99mTc by an exchange method. In vitro cell binding assays were conducted on human breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. In vivo biodistribution studies were performed in normal and nude mice bearing bombesin receptor-positive tumors.
Radiolabelling of MAG3-BN with 99mTc produces a single radioactive species (> 95%). In vitro cell-binding indicated the affinity and specificity of 99mTc-MAG3-BN towards bombesin receptors. In vivo biodistribution in mice demonstrated that 99mTc-MAG3-BN cleared rapidly from the blood and most non-targeted tissues and was excreted mainly via the kidneys. Uptake in bombesin receptor-positive tissues and in the tumor was low to moderate.
99mTc-MAG3-BN displays good radiolabelling together with certain favorable biological characteristics and might be a useful peptide radiopharmaceutical in the detection of bombesin receptor-expressing cancers in vivo.