Synthesis, radiolabelling and biological characteristics of a bombesin peptide analog as a tumor imaging agent.
ABSTRACT Several human cancers, including small cell lung, prostate, breast, gastric, colon and pancreatic cancers, express receptors for bombesin-like peptides. Bombesin (BN) peptides that bind specifically to these receptors are useful for detection of bombesin receptor-expressing cancers in vivo. A new 99mTc-labelled-BN peptide for targeting bombesin receptor-expressing cancers was prepared and characterized.
MAG3-coupled BN peptide (MAG3-BN) was prepared by solid-phase synthesis and radiolabelled with 99mTc by an exchange method. In vitro cell binding assays were conducted on human breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. In vivo biodistribution studies were performed in normal and nude mice bearing bombesin receptor-positive tumors.
Radiolabelling of MAG3-BN with 99mTc produces a single radioactive species (> 95%). In vitro cell-binding indicated the affinity and specificity of 99mTc-MAG3-BN towards bombesin receptors. In vivo biodistribution in mice demonstrated that 99mTc-MAG3-BN cleared rapidly from the blood and most non-targeted tissues and was excreted mainly via the kidneys. Uptake in bombesin receptor-positive tissues and in the tumor was low to moderate.
99mTc-MAG3-BN displays good radiolabelling together with certain favorable biological characteristics and might be a useful peptide radiopharmaceutical in the detection of bombesin receptor-expressing cancers in vivo.
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ABSTRACT: Bombesin is a tetradecapeptide that binds specifically to gastrin releasing peptide receptors in humans. Several forms of cancer, including lung, prostate, breast, and colon express receptors for bombesin-like peptides. Radiolabeled bombesin analogs with a high affinity for these receptors might therefore be used for scintigraphic imaging of these tumor types. A truncated bombesin derivative (HYNIC-βAla-Bombesin(7–14)) was radiolabeled with technetium-99m using EDDA and tricine as coligands. In vitro stability was evaluated in presence of plasma and excess of cysteine. The receptor-binding affinity assays was evaluated in MDA-MB-231 cancer cell line. In addition, in vivo biodistribution was performed in nude mice bearing breast tumor. In vitro assay showed a good affinity for the MDA-MB-231 cell line, showing 20.0 % of internalization at 4 h post-administration. 99mTc-HYNIC-βAla-Bombesin(7–14) biodistribution revealed a rapid clearance and a significant renal excretion. In addition, tumor uptake was higher than non-excretory organs, such as the spleen, the liver, and muscles. Tumor-to-muscle and tumor-to-blood ratios for 99mTc-HYNIC-βAla-Bombesin(7–14) showed high values at 4 h post-injection (5.34 and 4.55, respectively). Furthermore, blocked studies using cold bombesin peptide were performed, which demonstrated an important decrease in tumor uptake, indicating a tumor specificity for 99mTc-HYNIC-βAla-Bombesin(7–14). The 99mTc-HYNIC-βAla-Bombesin(7–14) displayed suitable radiochemical characteristics, and adequate affinity to breast tumor cells (MDA-MB-231). Therefore, this analog can be considered as a candidate for the identification of bombesin-positive tumors.Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 01/2013; 295:2083-2090. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nanomedicine is a branch of nanotechnology that includes the development of nanostructures and nanoanalytical systems for various medical applications. Among these applications, utilization of nanotechnology in oncology has captivated the attention of many research endeavors in recent years. The rapid development of nano-oncology raises new possibilities in cancer diagnosis and treatment. It also holds great promise for realization of point-of-care, theranostics, and personalized medicine. In this article, we review advances in nano-oncology, with an emphasis on breast and prostate cancer because these organs are amenable to the translation of nanomedicine from small animals to humans. As new drugs are developed, the incorporation of nanotechnology approaches into medicinal research becomes critical. Diverse aspects of nano-oncology are discussed, including nanocarriers, targeting strategies, nanodevices, as well as nanomedical diagnostics, therapeutics, and safety. The review concludes by identifying some limitations and future perspectives of nano-oncology in breast and prostate cancer management. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Med Res Rev.Medicinal Research Reviews 01/2013; 33(1):3-32. · 9.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Bombesin and its derivatives exhibit a high affinity for gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPr), which is over-expressed in a variety of human cancers (prostate, pancreatic, lung, etc.). The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro potential of the hydrazinonicotinamide (HYNIC)-Q-Litorin. (99m)Tc labeling was performed by using different co-ligands: tricine and ethylenediamine diacetic acid (EDDA). The radiochemical stability of radiolabeled peptide conjugates was checked at room temperature and in cysteine solution up to 24 h. The in vitro cell uptake of (99m)Tc-EDDA-HYNIC-Q-Litorin and (99m)Tc-tricine-HYNIC-Q-Litorin were evaluated on pancreatic tumor and control cell lines. Optimum specific activity and incubation time were determined for all the cell lines. The results showed that the cell uptake of the radiolabeled peptide conjugates in tumor cell lines were higher than in the control cell line. The findings of this study indicated the need for further development of in vivo study as a radiopharmaceutical for pancreatic tumor imaging.Journal of Drug Targeting 01/2013; · 2.77 Impact Factor