Article

Comparative biotransformation and disposition studies of nabumetone in humans and minipigs using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet, fluorescence and mass spectrometric detection.

Institute of Experimental Biopharmaceutics, Joint Research Center of PRO.MED.CS Praha a.s. and Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovského 1207, CZ-500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (Impact Factor: 2.95). 09/2003; 32(4-5):641-56. DOI: 10.1016/S0731-7085(03)00171-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The disposition of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nabumetone after a single oral dose administration of nabumetone tablets to humans and minipigs was investigated. Nabumetone is a prodrug, which is metabolized in the organism to the principal pharmacodynamically active metabolite -- 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid (6-MNA), and some other minor metabolites (carbonyl group reduction products, O-desmethylation products and their conjugates with glucuronic and sulphuric acids). Standards of the above-mentioned metabolites were prepared using simple synthetic procedures and their structures were confirmed by NMR and mass spectrometry. A simple HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of nabumetone, 6-MNA and the other metabolites was developed, validated and used for xenobiochemical and pharmacokinetic studies in humans and minipigs and for distribution studies in minipigs. Naproxen was chosen as the internal standard (I.S.), both UV (for higher concentrations) and fluorescence detection (for very low concentrations) were used. The identity of the nabumetone metabolites in biological samples was confirmed using HPLC-MS experiments. Pharmacokinetics of nabumetone, 6-MNA and 6-HNA (6-hydroxy-2-naphthylacetic acid) in human and minipig plasma was evaluated and compared. The concentration levels of nabumetone metabolites in urine, bile and synovial fluid were also evaluated.

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