Severe maternal morbidity associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in the United States.
ABSTRACT This study was to report the incidence of severe maternal morbidity associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the United States.
We used data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey, a nationally representative sample of discharge records, from 1988 to 1997. The database consisted of approximately 300,000 deliveries, which represented 39 million births during the 10-year period.
The overall incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy was 5.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 5.2 to 6.5%]. Eclampsia was reported at 1.0 per 1,000 deliveries (95% CI: 0.8 to 1.2). The incidence of eclampsia, severe preeclampsia, and superimposed preeclampsia remained unchanged during the 10-year period. Women with preeclampsia and eclampsia had a 3- to 25-fold increased risk of severe complications, such as abruptio placentae, thrombocytopenia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, pulmonary edema, and aspiration pneumonia. More than half of women with preeclampsia and eclampsia had cesarean delivery. African American women not only had higher incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy but also tended to have a greater risk for most severe complications. Preeclamptic and eclamptic women younger than 20 years or older than 35 years had substantially higher morbidity.
Preeclampsia and eclampsia carry a high risk for severe maternal morbidity. Compared to Caucasians, African Americans have higher incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and suffer from more severe complications.
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ABSTRACT: Background Induction of labor has become one of the most common interventions in obstetrics. Induction is indicated when the benefits to either mother or fetus outweigh those of continuing the pregnancy. Maternal complication rates that are increased in association with labor induction include cesarean delivery, chorioamnionitis, abruptio placentae, and uterine atony. So identifying those pregnancies that can be induced with low risk of cesarean delivery is important. The aim of this study was to identify those factors which influence the risk of emergency cesarean delivery in induced labors at term. Methods It is a case–control study conducted at Tertiary care center and affiliated hospitals. In this study, odds ratio with 95 % confidence interval is taken as a measure of relative risk. Patients were evaluated for risk factors for cesarean section using logistic regression. Cases include all women who were induced at term and delivered by emergency cesarean section. Controls include all women who were induced at term and delivered vaginally. Results The risk factors for cesarean delivery are advanced maternal age at delivery (≥35 years), high early pregnancy body mass index (≥30 kg/m2), nulliparity, low preinduction Bishops score ( Conclusion Women with multiple risk factors for cesarean can be taken up for elective cesarean section rather than inducing them at term.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13224-014-0596-2
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ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at detecting, identifying, quantifying and comparing the bacteria present in the placental tissues of women with pre-eclampsia with that of normotensive pregnant women. Placental tissue samples were collected from 55 primiparous women with pre-eclampsia (cases) and 55 matched primiparous normotensive pregnant women (controls) at the time of delivery by cesarean section. Genotyping was carried out in two stages. First the samples were screened for the presence of bacteria by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the 16S rRNA gene. Next, the samples that were PCR-positive for the 16S rRNA gene were screened by next-generation sequencing on an Illumina MiSeq platform. Seven (12.7%) placental tissue samples from women with pre-eclampsia were PCR-positive. All the placental samples from control women were negative (P = 0.006). The complete microbiome of the seven samples was revealed through next-generation sequencing. The organisms that were present included Bacillus cereus, Listeria, Salmonella, Escherichia (all of which are usually associated with gastrointestinal infection); Klebsiella pneumonia and Anoxybacillus (both of which are usually associated with respiratory tract infections); and Variovorax, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, and Dialister (all of which are usually associated with periodontitis). This study confirms the presence of bacteria in the placental tissues of a subset of women with pre-eclampsia and supports the role of bacteria in the multifactorial cause of pre-eclampsia. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2014 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 12/2014; DOI:10.1111/jog.12619 · 0.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pregnancy in women with autoimmune rheumatic diseases is associated with several maternal and fetal complications. The development of clinical practice guidelines with the best available scientific evidence may help standardize the care of these patients. To provide recommendations regarding prenatal care, treatment, and a more effective monitoring of pregnancy in women with lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Nominal panels were formed for consensus, systematic search of information, development of clinical questions, processing and staging of recommendations, internal validation by peers and external validation of the final document. The quality criteria of the AGREE II instrument were followed. The panels answered 37 questions related to maternal and fetal care in lupus erythematosus, RA and APS, as well as for use of antirheumatic drugs during pregnancy and lactation. The recommendations were discussed and integrated into a final manuscript. Finally, the corresponding algorithms were developed. In this second part, the recommendations for pregnant women with RA, APS and the use of antirheumatic drugs during pregnancy and lactation are presented. We believe that the Mexican clinical practice guidelines for the management of pregnancy in women with RA and APS integrate the best available evidence for the treatment and follow-up of patients with these conditions. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.