[Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for severe acute coronary syndrome].
ABSTRACT Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (off-pump CABG: OPCAB) has become a standard procedure, but the indication for the patients with severe acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has not been established. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of OPCAB for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and impending myocardial infarction (IMI). Clinical indication of OPCAB for acute coronary syndrome between November 1997 and December 2002, 14 patients diagnosed ACS out of 220 CABG cases underwent surgery. Twelve male and 2 female with a mean age of 66.3 +/- 7.5 were NYHA grade IV condition before surgery. Three of nine AMI cases and 4 of 5 IMI cases underwent OPCAB. Thirteen cases needed intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) support pre-operation, in 1 AMI and 2 IMI cases IABP had to be weaned during operation. The mean graft number was 2.6. Except one AMI case with severe cardiac damage, 13 cases were discharged in NYHA grade I-II condition. CONCLUSION: In early onset cases with still rising CK-MB, operative risk and result is difficult to evaluate pre-operatively. Equal results could be seen in IMI cases with no previous myocardial damage. We suggest, that in cases without severe myocardial damage, OPCAB could be one alternative treatment.