Proteasomal targeting of a viral oncogene abrogates oncogenic phenotype and enhances immunogenicity

Department of Molecular and Cellular Pathology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 01/2004; 102(13):4535-40. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2003-03-0870
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ability of viral or mutated cellular oncogenes to initiate neoplastic events and their poor immunogenicity have considerably undermined their potential use as immunotherapeutic tools for the treatment of human cancers. Using an Epstein-Barr virus-encoded oncogene, latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), as a model, we report a novel strategy that both deactivates cellular signaling pathways associated with the oncogenic phenotype and reverses poor immunogenicity. We show that cotranslational ubiquitination combined with N-end rule targeting of LMP1 enhanced the intracellular degradation of LMP1 and total blockade of LMP1-mediated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) activation in human cells. In addition, although murine cells expressing LMP1 were uniformly tumorigenic, this oncogenicity was completely abrogated by covalent linkage of LMP1 with ubiquitin, while an enhanced CD8+ T cell response to a model epitope fused to the C-terminus of LMP1 was observed following immunization with ubiquitinated LMP1. These observations suggest that proteasomal targeting of tumor-associated oncogenes could be exploited therapeutically by either gene therapy or vaccination.

Download full-text


Available from: Jaikumar Duraiswamy, Jun 22, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: N-terminal stable in frame fusion of ubiquitin (Ub) has been shown to target the fusion protein for proteasomal degradation. This pathway, called the Ub fusion degradation (UFD), might also elevate MHC class I (MHC-I) antigen presentation of specific antigens. The UFD, mainly studied on cytosolic proteins, has been described to be mediated by polyubiquitination of specific lysine residues within the fused Ub moiety. Using the well characterized melanoma-specific antigen MelanA as a model protein, we analyzed the requirements of the UFD for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of a transmembrane protein. Here we show that fusion of the non-cleavable Ub(G76V) variant to the N-terminus of MelanA results in rapid proteasomal degradation via the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway and, consequently, leads to an increased MHC-I antigen presentation. While lysine residues within Ub are dispensable for these effects, the presence of one single lysine residue, irrespectively of its location along the fusion protein, is sufficient to induce degradation of MelanA. These results show that the ubiquitination, ER to cytosol relocation and proteasomal degradation of a transmembrane protein can be increased by N-terminal fusion of Ub at the presence of at least one, position independent lysine residue. These findings are in contrast to the conventional wisdom concerning the UFD and indicate a new concept to target a protein into the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and thus for enhanced MHC-I antigen presentation, and might open up new possibilities in the development of tumor vaccines.
    PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e55567. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0055567 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have indicated that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can modulate the Wnt pathway in virus-infected cells and this effect is mediated by EBV-encoded oncogene latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). Here we have reassessed the role of LMP1 in regulating the expression of various mediators of the canonical Wnt cascade. Contradicting the previous finding, we found that the levels of E-cadherin, beta-catenin, Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3ss (GSK3beta), axin and alpha-catenin were not affected by the expression of LMP1 sequences from normal B cells or nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Moreover, we also show that LMP1 expression had no detectable effect on the E-cadherin and beta-catenin interaction and did not induce transcriptional activation of beta-catenin. Taken together these studies demonstrate that EBV-mediated activation of Wnt pathway is not dependent on the expression of LMP1.
    PLoS ONE 02/2008; 3(9):e3254. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0003254 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over the past few decades, our understanding of the epidemiology and immunopathogenesis of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has made enormous advances. Consequently, the treatment of HL has changed significantly, rendering this disease of the most curable human cancers. To date, about 80% of patients achieve long-term disease-free survival. However, therapeutic challenges still remain, particularly regarding the salvage strategies for relapsed and refractory disease, which need further identification of better prognostic markers and novel therapeutic schemes. Although the precise molecular mechanism by which Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) contributes to the generation of malignant cells present in HL still remains unknown, current increasing data on the role of EBV in the pathobiology of HL have encouraged people to start developing novel and specific therapeutic strategies for EBV-associated HL. This review will provide an overview of therapeutic approaches for acute EBV infection and the classical form of HL (cHL), especially focusing on EBV-associated HL cases.
    Biomolecules and Therapeutics 10/2011; 19(4). DOI:10.4062/biomolther.2011.19.4.398 · 0.84 Impact Factor