Effect of age and gender on heart rate recovery after submaximal exercise during cardiac rehabilitation in patients with angina pectoris, recent acute myocardial infarction, or coronary bypass surgery.

Cardiac Health Center, Weill-Cornell Medical Center, The New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York 10021, USA.
The American Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 3.21). 10/2003; 92(5):600-3. DOI: 10.1016/S0002-9149(03)00733-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effect of exercise training on the heart rate recovery (HRR) response to submaximal effort was examined in 81 patients during 12 weeks of phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Although HRR after submaximal effort was relatively reduced in older patients with heart disease and in women, its increase during exercise training in men and women of all ages was consistent with enhancement of parasympathetic tone during activities of daily living.

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Physical therapy during phase I of cardiac rehabilitation (CPT) can be started 12 to 24 hours after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), however, it is common to extend the bed rest due to fear of patient’s instability. OBJECTIVES: To assess the hemodynamic and autonomic responses to post-AMI patients when subjected to first day of phase I protocol of CPT, as well as their safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 51 patients with first uncomplicated AMI, 55 ± 11 years, 76% men. The patients were subjected to first day protocol phase I CPT, on average, 24 hours after AMI. The Instantaneous heart rate (HR) and RR interval were acquired by HR monitor (Polar™S810i) and blood pressure (BP) checked by auscultation. HR variability was analyzed in the time (RMSSD and RMSM-Ri in ms) and frequency domains. Power spectral density was expressed in absolute (ms2/Hz) and normalized (nu) units for the bands of low (LF) and high frequencies (HF) and as LF/HF ratio. RESULTS: The RMSSD, HF and HFnu have reduced performance of the exercises in relation to rest and post-exercise (p < 0.05), LFnu and LF/HF ratio increased (p < 0.05). HR and systolic BP showed an increase during the execution of the exercises in relation to rest (p < 0.05). There were no any signs and/or symptoms of exercise intolerance. CONCLUSION: The exercise was effective, because it caused changes hemodynamic and autonomic modulation in these patients, without causing any medical complications.
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