The 1.15A crystal structure of the Staphylococcus aureus methionyl-aminopeptidase and complexes with triazole based inhibitors.
ABSTRACT Methionyl aminopeptidases (MetAPs) represent a unique class of protease that are responsible for removing the N-terminal methionine residue from proteins and peptides. There are two major classes of MetAPs (type I and type II) described and each class can be subdivided into two subclasses. Eukaryotes contain both the type I and type II MetAPs, whereas prokaryotes possess only the type I enzyme. Due to the physiological importance of these enzymes there is considerable interest in inhibitors to be used as antiangiogenic and antimicrobial agents. Here, we describe the 1.15A crystal structure of the Staphylococcus aureus MetAP-I as an apo-enzyme and its complexes with various 1,2,4-triazole-based derivatives at high-resolution. The protein has a typical "pita-bread" fold as observed for the other MetAP structures. The inhibitors bind in the active site with the N1 and N2 atoms of the triazole moiety complexing two divalent ions. The 1,2,4-triazols represent a novel class of potent non-peptidic inhibitors for the MetAP-Is.
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ABSTRACT: In this article we describe the application of structural biology methods to the discovery of novel potent inhibitors of methionine aminopeptidases. These enzymes are employed by the cells to cleave the N-terminal methionine from nascent peptides and proteins. As this is one of the critical steps in protein maturation, it is very likely that inhibitors of these enzymes may prove useful as novel antibacterial agents. Involvement of crystallography at the very early stages of the inhibitor design process resulted in serendipitous discovery of a new inhibitor class, the pyrazole-diamines. Atomic-resolution structures of several inhibitors bound to the enzyme illuminate a new mode of inhibitor binding.Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics 03/2007; 66(3):538-46. · 3.39 Impact Factor