CD80, but not CD86 were up-regulated on the spleen-derived dendritic cells from OVA-sensitized and challenged BALB/c mice.

Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400037, PR China.
Immunology Letters (Impact Factor: 2.34). 11/2003; 89(1):31-8. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-2478(03)00107-X
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Allergen-specific CD4+ T-helper (Th) 2 cells are involved in the induction and effector phase of allergic asthma. It is well established that T cells activation requires interaction of T cell receptor (TCR) and MHC-peptide complex, as well as costimulatory signal delivered by antigen presenting cells (APCs). There is increasing evidence that CD80 (B7.1) and CD86 (B7.2), as the most important costimulatory molecules, are involved in the allergic immune responses. In the present study, we investigated the CD80 and CD86 expression of spleen-derived dendritic cells (DCs) in a murine model of allergic asthma. We first established a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-allergic asthma that showed unique histological characteristic of allergic inflammation in the lung, high serum OVA-specific IgE level, high numbers of eosinophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and high production of Type 2 cytokines in the splenic T cells. In this model, we found that CD80 were significantly upregulated on the spleen-derived DCs from OVA-sensitized and challenged mice compared with that from PBS-treated or non-treated mice, while CD86 is not different among three groups. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Th2 immune responses were elicited by these DCs with high expression of CD80, even to nai;ve T cells from non-treated mice. Our results suggest that DCs in the spleen of allergic mice, via upregulation of CD80 might play a pivotal role in the maintenance and amplification of allergic immune response, namely Th2 immune response.