Antinociceptive profiles of crude extract from roots of Angelica gigas NAKAI in various pain models.
ABSTRACT To characterize the antinociceptive profiles of Angelica gigas NAKAI (ANG; Korean angelica), methanol extract from the dried roots of ANG was made and mice were administered orally at the various doses (from 0.25 to 3 g/kg). ANG produced the increased latencies of the tail-flick and hot-plate paw-licking responses in a dose-dependent manner. In acetic acid-induced writhing test, ANG dose-dependently decreased writhing numbers. Moreover, the cumulative response time of nociceptive behaviors induced by intraplantar formalin injection was reduced during both the 1st and the 2nd phases in a dose-dependent manner in ANG-treated mice. Furthermore, oral administration of ANG did not cause licking, scratching and biting responses induced by TNF-alpha (100 pg), IFN-gamma (100 pg) or IL-1beta (100 pg) injected intrathecally (i.t.), especially at higher dose (3 g/kg). Additionally, in ANG treated mice, the cumulative nociceptive response time for i.t. administration of substance P or capsaicin was dose-dependently diminished. Finally, nociceptive responses elicited by i.t. injection of glutamate (20 microg), N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (60 ng), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (13 ng) or kainic acid (12 ng) were decreased by oral administration of ANG. Our results suggest that ANG produces antinociception via acting on the central nervous system and shows antinociceptive profiles in various pain models, especially inflammatory pain.
- SourceAvailable from: ksabc.or.krJournal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 01/2008; 51(4):349-351. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: One symmetric diamine (4) and two symmetric phenols (5) and (6) were synthesized as phosphorus-containing flame retardants. The synthesis comprised a two-step procedure: the condensation of p-phenylenediamine with benzaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde respectively, followed by the addition of 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide to the imine linkage. The structures of (4)–(6) were characterized by FTIR, NMR and mass spectra. (4)–(6) served as co-curing agents of diaminodiphenylmethane for epoxy resins, and epoxy thermosets exhibited excellent flame retardancy, moderate changes in glass transition temperature (Tg) and thermal stability. When the phosphorus content reached 1.0 wt.%, the epoxy resin system met the UL-94 V-0 classification and the limiting oxygen index (LOI) reached more than 35.6, probably because of the nitrogen–phosphorus synergistic effect.Polymer Degradation and Stability 10/2011; 96(10):1720-1724. · 2.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Blast is considered the most important fungal disease of rice due to its wide distribution and destructiveness under favorable conditions. Development of new effective and environmentally benign agents against the causal pathogen, Magnaporthe oryzae, is of great interest. In the course of a search for natural antifungal compounds in medicinal plants, we found that the methanol extract of Angelica gigas roots showed a potent control efficacy against rice blast caused by M. oryzae. We isolated antifungal coumarins from the extract, and they were identified as decursin and decursinol angelate. Antifungal activities of these compounds, along with kasugamycin, were tested on M. oryzae in vivo and in vitro. In an in vivo assay, the three compounds effectively suppressed the development of rice blast at concentrations more than 100μg/mL. Coumarins showed relatively weak inhibitory effect on fungal mycelial growth when compared to kasugamycin. However, they strongly inhibited M. oryzae spore germination, which was not observed in kasugamycin treatments. This is the first report demonstrating that decursinol angelate can provide control against rice blast and that the two coumarins inhibit M. oryzae spore germination. In addition, the wettable powder formulation of the crude extract of A. gigas prohibited the development of blast symptoms on rice plants more effectively than liquid concentrate formulation of kasugamin, a commercial fungicide. Based on our study, we propose that coumarin compounds as well as the A. gigas root crude extract can be used as natural, benign fungicides for controlling rice blast.Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 10/2011; 101(2):118-124. · 2.01 Impact Factor