Cystic lymphangioma of the adrenal gland are rarely encountered tumoural formations with no clinical expression. Pre-operative diagnosis is difficult. Echography and CT scan are essential exploratory techniques, diagnosis is histological. Usually surgical exploration is indicated due to uncertain diagnosis. We report a new case of cystic lymphangioma of the adrenal gland and a review of recent literature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: RÉSUMÉ : Le lymphangiome kystique bénin est une tumeur relativement rare, plus fréquente chez les enfants, de localisation essentiellement cervicale mais parfois médiastinale ou intra-abdominale. Sa décou - verte est souvent fortuite, son traitement est l'éxérèse totale et est en général de bon pronostic. On décrit dans cet article l'histoire d'un jeune homme avec un lymphangiome kystique géant du médiastin qui a été opéré avec un bon suivi postopératoire et une revue de la littérature. A B S T R A C T : Benign cystic lymphangioma is a relatively rare tumor of the human body. It's more frequent in young patients. It is usually localized in the neck but may have mediastinal or intra - abdominal localization. It's usually asymptomatic with good prognosis after total excision. We report in this article the case of a young man with a huge mediastinal cystic lymphangioma which was successfully operated and a review of the literature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The detection of adrenal lesions has increased with the expanding use of cross-sectional imaging. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is often useful for characterizing adrenal masses. Adrenal masses can be classified into various groups on the basis of the presence of intracellular lipid, macroscopic fat, hemorrhage, and cystic changes and the vascularity and shape of the tumor. These imaging features can be used by the radiologist to suggest or confirm a diagnosis for most adrenal masses, including adenoma, hyperplasia, simple and complicated cysts, lymphangioma, myelolipoma, pheochromocytoma, hemorrhage, cortical carcinoma, neuroblastoma, lymphoma, and metastases. Adenomas and metastases are common, and a decrease in signal intensity on out-of-phase images can be used to differentiate between them. Carcinoma is a possible diagnosis if that decrease in signal intensity is heterogeneous. Benign disease is diagnosed if macroscopic fat or a homogeneous cystlike lesion is seen. Recognition of the typical MR imaging features is important because it often changes the treatment approach and may obviate surgery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lymphangiomas of the adrenal glands (ALs) are benign vascular lesions. Approximately, 53 cases have been reported in the literature. The current study reviews and analyzes the clinical and pathologic features of all reported ALs and additionally illustrates a typical case of adrenal lymphangioma (AL). In order to perform the review analysis, a search of the international literature for ALs in adults was conducted. Thirty-eight related articles were found. Clinical and pathological information were obtained for all the reported cases and a database was created. ALs were detected more frequently in women than men. The mean age of occurrence was 39.5 years, while their mean size was 8.86 cm. Fifty-nine percent of ALs were right-sided. Size and localization were responsible for the presenting symptoms, though 30.4 % were asymptomatic. Diagnosis was made postoperatively in all cases by histological results. ALs are rare and benign lesions. They usually present as an incidental finding after abdominal imaging. The diagnosis is made after the surgical removal by histological and immunohistochemical examinations.
Indian Journal of Surgery 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12262-015-1206-y · 0.26 Impact Factor
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