Skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with a deep inferior epigastric perforator flap.
ABSTRACT It is important for breast reconstruction after mastectomy to recreate immediately good breast symmetry with an adequate amount of soft tissue.
Eight patients with breast cancer underwent skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with a deep inferior epigastric perforator flap. This operative technique, and the results, advantages, and disadvantages of the technique were assessed.
Seven patients had stage IIA disease, and one patient had stage I disease. An arc-shaped incision was made just at the lateral border of the breast in all patients. Three patients had a separate periareolar incision, and one had a circumferential nipple incision. There was 100% flap survival, and good breast symmetry was achieved in all patients. No major perioperative complications occurred in this series. A small amount of fat necrosis occurred in one flap. One patient had slight abdominal bulging. Minor wound-healing problems at the lateral breast skin envelope occurred in two patients.
These data indicate that skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with a DIEP flap is a reliable and safe technique. This method is a potentially useful surgical technique, which has achieved very promising results.
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ABSTRACT: Although breast reconstruction with deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is a well-described technique, few publications have specifically reported the technical aspects and the outcome following skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM). The aim of this study is to analyse the feasibility of its immediate application and to describe the operative planning, outcome and complications after SSM. 27 patients underwent 30 DIEP flap breast reconstructions with all immediate and 3 bilateral. Mean time of follow-up was 29 months. Breast skin, DIEP Flap and donor-site complications were evaluated. Information on patient satisfaction was collected. 70% had tumors measuring 2 cm or less (T1) and 74% were stage 0 and I according to American Joint Committee on Cancer. Breast skin complications occurred in 7.4%, all represented by small areas of skin necrosis. Partial losses were observed in two (7.4%) patients (less than 15% of total area) and total DIEP loss in 1 (3.7%). Donor-site complications represented by bulging occurred in only one patient (3.7%). The majority of patients were either very satisfied or satisfied. One local recurrence was observed. All complications except 2 were treated by a conservative approach. The DIEP flap is a reliable technique for SSM reconstruction. Success depends on patient selection, coordinated planning with the oncologic surgeon and careful intraoperative and postoperative management. The main advantage is that patients can safely undergo dual procedures with the added aesthetic benefits in breast and abdominal donor site.The Breast Journal 01/2007; 13(5):470-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Patients with breast cancer accompanied by extensive intraductal components or multiple tumors are not considered to be candidates for breast-conserving surgery. To improve post-operative quality of life of such patients, skin-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction has been performed recently. We described our experience of skin-sparing mastectomy and areola-nipple-sparing mastectomy followed by immediate reconstruction with the use of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap, a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, and a deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap. These operations appear to be oncologically safe when patients are selected carefully, and have a great benefit for the patients both aesthetically and psychologically.Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 04/2006; 64(3):520-6.