Luteolin inhibits the nuclear factor-kappa B transcriptional activity in Rat-1 fibroblasts.
ABSTRACT Flavonoids are natural polyphenolic compounds that have anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective and anticarcinogenic effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of several flavonoids on nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) activation by using luciferase reporter gene assay. Among the flavonoids examined, luteolin showed the most potent inhibition on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated NF-kappa B transcriptional activity in Rat-1 fibroblasts. Luteolin did not inhibit either I kappa B alpha degradation or NF-kappa B nuclear translocation, DNA binding or phosphorylation by LPS. However, luteolin prevented LPS-stimulated interaction between the p65 subunit of NF-kappa B and the transcriptional coactivator CBP. In addition, a specific PKA inhibitor that blocked the phosphorylation of CREB and c-Jun by luteolin partially reversed the inhibitory effect of luteolin on NF-kappa B.CBP complex formation and NF-kappa B transcriptional activity by LPS. These data imply that inhibition of NF-kappa B transcriptional activity by luteolin may occur through competition with transcription factors for coactivator that is available in limited amounts. Taken together, this study provides a molecular basis for the understanding of the anti-inflammatory effects of luteolin.
- SourceAvailable from: Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article provides the epidemiological and research evidences documenting the effects of coffee consumption on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We have focused on to summarize the literature on the effects of coffee consumption on different mechanistic factors involving in pathogenesis of T2DM such as glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, insulin resistance, glucose-6-phosphatase, intestinal glucose absorption, antioxidant activity, inflammatory biomarkers, NF-κB inhibition, glucose uptake, glucose homeostasis, glucose metabolism, and insulin secretion. These factors play their crucial role to influence the normal levels of glucose in blood. Overall, the experimental and epidemiological evidences presented over here elucidate the protective effects of coffee consumption in T2DM indicating the possible multiple preventive mechanisms for T2DM. Despite of the firm evidences available via growing literature, it is still uncertain that whether the use of coffee should be recommended to the diabetic patients as a supplementary therapy for the prevention of T2DM or not.Nutrition. 01/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Microglial activation is one of the causative factors for neuroinflammation, which is associated with the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. Our previous study showed that the flavonoid luteolin inhibited several pro-inflammatory enzymes and pro-inflammatory cytokines that are induced by activated microglia; however, its effect on signaling pathways is currently unknown. The present study examined the effects of luteolin on signaling pathways stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), including Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family and protein kinase B (Akt) pathways in murine microglial BV2 cells. In addition, BV2 microglia and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells were cocultured to observe the indirect neuroprotective effects of luteolin. Luteolin inhibited the LPS-stimulated expression of TLR-4. In addition, luteolin blocked LPS-induced NF-κB, p38, JNK and Akt activation, but had no effect on ERK. When SH-SY5Y cells were cocultured with LPS-stimulated BV2 microglia, pretreatment with luteolin increased neuronal viability and reduced the number of apoptotic cells. These data suggest that luteolin has a beneficial effect on neuroinflammatory events in neurodegenerative diseases via suppression of the NF-κB, MAPK and Akt pathways in activated microglial cells.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 05/2014; 7(5):1065-1070. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hyperglycemia is a key feature in diabetes. Hyperglycemia has been implicated as a major contributor to several complications of diabetes. High glucose levels induce the release of proinflammatory cytokines. Luteolin is a flavone isolated from celery, green pepper, perilla leaf, and chamomile tea. Luteolin has been reported to possess antimutagenic, antitumorigenic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the effects of luteolin on proinflammatory cytokine secretion and its underlying epigenetic regulation in high-glucose-induced human monocytes. Human monocytic (THP-1) cells were cultured under controlled (14.5 mM mannitol), normoglycemic (NG, 5.5 mM glucose), or hyperglycemic (HG, 20 mM glucose) conditions, in the absence or presence of luteolin. Luteolin (3-10 μM) was added for 48 h. While hyperglycemic conditions significantly induced histone acetylation, NF-κB activation, and proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6 and TNF-α) release from THP-1 cells, luteolin suppressed NF-κB activity and cytokine release. Luteolin also significantly reduced CREB-binding protein/p300 (CBP/p300) gene expression, as well as the levels of acetylation and histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity of the CBP/p300 protein, which is a known NF-κB coactivator. These results suggest that luteolin inhibits HG-induced cytokine production in monocytes, through epigenetic changes involving NF-κB. We therefore suggest that luteolin may be a potential candidate for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and its complications. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Phytotherapy Research 03/2014; · 2.40 Impact Factor