The expression of costimulatory molecules on antigen-presenting cells is crucial in determining T-cell immune responses. We examined the effects of transduction with high-affinity antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) designed to target the mRNA of CD80 or CD86 on the phenotype and function of dendritic cells (DCs).
DCs were propagated from C57BL/10 (B10; H2b) bone marrow cells in granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor and interleukin (IL)-4, and transduced with anti-CD80 or anti-CD86 antisense ODNs (base-mismatched ODNs as controls). The effect of antisense ODN on phenotype was examined by flow cytometry. The allostimulatory function of DCs was assessed by mixed leukocyte reaction and cytotoxic activity in vitro, and the influence on allograft survival was assessed in vivo.
ODNs were effectively incorporated by DCs, which were enhanced by the presence of lipofectamine. Antisense ODNs targeting CD80 or CD86 mRNA specifically suppressed the expression of CD80 or CD86 in DCs and inhibited their capacity to elicit the proliferative responses, donor-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity in C3H (H2k) spleen T cells. This was associated with decreased IL-2, but elevated IL-4 production, and an increase in T-cell apoptosis. In contrast with the administration of control DCs into C3H recipients that exacerbated rejection of B10 cardiac allografts, injection of DCs transduced with anti-CD80 or CD86 antisense ODN significantly prolonged the survival of heart allografts.
Transduction with antisense ODN targeting CD80 or CD86mRNA is a feasible and effective approach to modify DCs that renders them tolerogenic by inducing T-cell hyporesponsiveness and apoptosis. This may lead to the development of new therapeutic strategies in transplantation.
"Low CD40 expression translates into low levels of cytokine (IL-12, TNF-α) production upon CD40 ligation . DCs generated with antisense ODN against CD80/86 prolonged allograft survival in a transplant model . Similar findings were reported with immature DCs constitutively expressing soluble TNF-α type-1 receptor (sTNFR-1) . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To avoid immune rejection, allograft recipients require drug-based immunosuppression, which has significant toxicity. An emerging approach is adoptive transfer of immunoregulatory cells. While mature dendritic cells (DCs) present donor antigen to the immune system, triggering rejection, regulatory DCs interact with regulatory T cells to promote immune tolerance. Intravenous injection of immature DCs of either donor or host origin at the time of transplantation have prolonged allograft survival in solid-organ transplant models. DCs can be treated with pharmacological agents before injection, which may attenuate their maturation in vivo. Recent data suggest that injected immunosuppressive DCs may inhibit allograft rejection, not by themselves, but through conventional DCs of the host. Genetically engineered DCs have also been tested. Two clinical trials in type-1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis have been carried out, and other trials, including one trial in kidney transplantation, are in progress or are imminent.
Journal of Transplantation 10/2013; 2013:761429. DOI:10.1155/2013/761429
"The costimulatory signal is delivered through interactions between the T cells and APCs and results from ligation of molecules such as CD28 and CD154 (CD40L), expressed on the T cells with their ligands CD80/CD86 and CD40 respectively, on APCs. Costimulation blockade targeting CD80/CD86 on DCs efficiently prevents acute heart or kidney rejection in many mouse and rat models     . First clinical trial has been conducted to assess co-stimulation blockade strategy in renal transplantation . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Implementation of dendritic cell- (DC-) based therapies in organ transplantation can reduce dependency on nonspecific immunosuppression. Despite extensive research, mechanisms of equipped DCs inducing transplant tolerance remain incomplete. Here, we applied RNA interference technique to inhibit CD80 and CD86 expression in host bone marrow-derived DCs. This approach could specifically and effectively knock down CD80 and CD86 expression. T cells primed by these DCs inhibited allogeneic responses. Administration of recipient DCs loaded with alloantigen after CD80 and CD86 blockade prolonged cardiac allograft survival. We also found a higher percentage of apoptotic T cells in lymph tissues and grafts than that detected in control group. In addition, these T cells expressed high expression of GRP78 than controls, indicating activation of unfolded protein responses. Upregulation of CHOP expression among these cells suggested that the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) response switched to a proapoptotic response. Our results indicated that ERS-induced apoptosis may be involved in allogeneic T-cell apoptosis, and the ERS-mediated apoptosis pathway may be a novel target in clinical prevention and therapy of allograft rejection.
BioMed Research International 05/2010; 2010:705431. DOI:10.1155/2010/705431 · 2.71 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DC) reside at the center of the immunological universe, possessing the ability both to stimulate and inhibit various types of responses. Tolerogenic/regulatory DC with therapeutic properties can be generated through various means of manipulations in vitro and in vivo. Here we describe several attractive strategies for manipulation of DC using the novel technique of RNA interference (RNAi). Additionally, we overview some of our data regarding yet undescribed characteristics of RNAi in DC such as specific transfection strategies, persistence of gene silencing, and multi-gene silencing. The advantages of using RNAi for DC genetic manipulation gives rise to the promise of generating tailor-made DC that can be used effectively to treat a variety of immunologically mediated diseases.
Immunologic Research 02/2004; 30(2):215-30. DOI:10.1385/IR:30:2:215 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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