Publications

  • EMC - Dermatología. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: α-Hydroxy acid (AHA) formulations are commonly used for skin chemical peelings. The primary target is the stratum corneum (SC). The aim of this study was to assess the effects of various glycolic acid concentrations and commercial phenolic acid formulations on the SC. Quantitative colorimetry of a corneoxenometry bioassay was used. The test procedure involved glycolic acid concentrations ranging from 3% to 70% in alcoholic solution. Exposure times were set for 1 min and 3 min. The bioassay showed consistent reactivity with a dose-effect relationship when using the selected low exposure times. In a similar procedure the aggressiveness of commercially available phenolic acid formulations was identified not using hazardous in vivo testing. Corneoxenometry appears useful for in vitro testing of AHA peeling agents during short exposure times.
    The British journal of dermatology. 09/2014; 171 Suppl 3:34-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Human scabies is an ectoparasitosis affecting any individual at any age. The level of infestation by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is influenced by any defect in immune response. Several clinical types of scabies are described including baby scabies, profuse scabies of immunodepression, norvegian scabies and sarcoptic mange. Onchocerciasis dermatitis is a tropical microfilariosis completely distinct by its parasitic nature.
    Rev Med Liege. 07/2014; 69(7-8):467-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Skin ageing occasionally manifests itself at long-term by severe atrophoderma. Systemic or topical corticotherapy exerts an atrophic impact mimicking the effects of old age. Such atrophoderma condition has been described as transparent skin about 40 years ago, and it received more recently the new denomination of dermatoporosis. Such condition stands out in the medical history to induce clinical consequences. They are sometimes prominent introducing diverse lesions such as Bateman purpura, stellate scars and wounds following minor trauma.
    Revue médicale de Liège 04/2014; 69(4):210-3.
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, clinical dermoscopy has yielded improvement in the early disclosure of various atypical melanocytic neoplasms (AMN). Beyond this approach, histopathology of AMN remains mandatory in the establishment of their precise diagnosis and proper management. Of note, panels of expert pathologists in AMN diagnosis report only moderate agreement in a variety of puzzling cases. The risk for divergence in opinion and microscopic misdiagnosis is probably increased when histopathologic criteria are not fine-tuned and when the number of AMN entities is increasing. In addition, some of the AMN have been differently designated in the literature including atypical Spitz tumor, metastasizing Spitz tumor, borderline and intermediate melanocytic tumor, malignant Spitz nevus and pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma or animal-type melanoma. Some acronyms have been further proposed such as MELTUMP (after ‘melanocytic tumor of uncertain malignant potential’) and STUMP (after ‘Spitzoid melanocytic tumor of uncertain malignant potential’). In this review, such AMN at the exclusion of cutaneous malignant melanoma variants are grouped under the tentative broad heading ‘cutaneous melanocytoma’. These lesions typically follow an indolent course, although they exhibit atypical and sometimes worrisome patterns or cytologic aspects. Rare cases of cutaneous melanocytomas progress to locoregional clusters of lesions (agminate lesions), and even to regional lymph nodes. At times, the distinction between a cutaneous melanocytoma and malignant melanoma remains problematic and even proves to be merely impossible. However, multipronged immunohistochemistry helps to assess the malignancy risk.
    Expert Review of Dermatology 01/2014; 8(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Climacteric skin aging affects certain biophysical characteristics of facial skin. The purpose of the present study was to assess the symmetric involvement of the cheeks in this stage of the aging process. Skin viscoelasticity was compared on both cheeks in premenopausal and post-menopausal women with indoor occupational activities somewhat limiting the influence of chronic sun exposure. Eighty-four healthy women comprising 36 premenopausal women and 48 early post-menopausal women off hormone replacement therapy were enrolled in two groups. The tensile characteristics of both cheeks were tested and compared in each group. A computerized suction device equipped with a 2 mm diameter hollow probe was used to derive viscoelasticity parameters during a five-cycle procedure of 2 seconds each. Skin unfolding, intrinsic distensibility, biological elasticity, and creep extension were measured. Both biological elasticity and creep extension were asymmetric on the cheeks of the post-menopausal women. In contrast, these differences were more discrete in the premenopausal women. Facial skin viscoelasticity appeared to be asymmetric following menopause. The possibility of asymmetry should be taken into account in future studies of the effects of hormone replacement therapy and any antiaging procedure on the face in menopausal women.
    Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 01/2014; 7:111-8.
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    ABSTRACT: In the dermatopathology field, some simple available laboratory tests require minimum equipment for establishing a diagnosis. Among them, the cyanoacrylate skin surface stripping (CSSS), formerly named skin surface biopsy or follicular biopsy, represents a convenient low cost procedure. It is a minimally invasive method collecting a continuous sheet of stratum corneum and horny follicular casts. In the vast majority of cases, it is painless and is unassociated with adverse events. CSSS can be performed in subjects of any age. The method has a number of applications in diagnostic dermatopathology and cosmetology, as well as in experimental dermatology settings. A series of derived analytic procedures include xerosis grading, comedometry, corneofungimetry, corneodynamics of stratum corneum renewal, corneomelametry, corneosurfametry, and corneoxenometry.
    TheScientificWorldJournal. 01/2014; 2014:462634.
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    Trinh Hermanns-Lê, Sébastien Piérard
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    ABSTRACT: Sporadic cutaneous melanoma (SCM) has shown a dramatic increase in incidence in Caucasian populations over the past few decades. A particular epidemiological increase was reported in women during their childbearing age. In the Belgian Mosan region, a progressive unremitting increase in SCM incidence was noticed in young women for the past 35 years. The vast majority of these SCMs were of the superficial type without any obvious relationship with a large number of melanocytic nevi or with signs of frequent and intense sunlight exposures as disclosed by the extent in the mosaic subclinical melanoderma. A series of investigations pointed to a possible relationship linking the development of some SCM to the women hormonal status including the effect of hormonal disruptors. These aspects remain, however, unsettled and controversial. It is possible to differentiate and clearly quantify the SCM shape, size, scalloped border, and variegated pigmentation using computerized morphometry as well as fractal and multifractal methods.
    BioMed research international. 01/2014; 2014:320767.
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    ABSTRACT: Human cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) is an aggressive cancer showing a dramatic worldwide increase in incidence over the past few decades. The most prominent relative epidemiological increase has been disclosed in young women. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of chronic sun exposures in order to rate the extend of melanocytic stimulations in the vicinity of CMM.
    Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 01/2014; 7:225-30.
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    ABSTRACT: Climacteric ageing refers to the period of women's life centered by the perimenopause. This step of life is responsible for initiating skin atrophic withering and slackness responsible for changes in the viscoelasticity of the dermal connective tissue. Some women benefit from hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for controlling some unpleasant internal climacteric changes (osteoporosis, vasomotor instability, …). To investigate some corrective effects of HRT on the functional damages in the dermal tensile strength. The present study was performed on 200 healthy Caucasian women. In vivo skin viscoelasticity was assessed using the suction method. Skin distensibility and hysteresis appeared increased at menopause with or without HRT. By contrast, the biological elasticity significantly decreased out of HRT. Some drugs and cosmetics might attempt at improving such viscoelastic attributes of the skin at menopause. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    International journal of cosmetic science 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The COL VI mutations are responsible for a spectrum of myopathies. The authors report cutaneous ultrastructural alterations in a patient with COL6A2 myopathy. The changes include variations in size of collagen fibrils, flower-like sections of collagen fibrils, as well as thickening of vessel and nerve basement membranes. Electron microscopy of a skin biopsy contributes to the diagnosis of COL VI myopathies.
    Ultrastructural Pathology 10/2013; · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: When using adequate wavelength illumination and high resolution recordings, Caucasian skin color appears uneven. The patterns of faint mosaic melanoderma (FMM) are diverse and possibly related to the risk of skin cancer development. Areas covered: The current peer-reviewed publications about objective methods quantifying FMM are revisited. The images from the Visioscan® and Visioface® Quick devices are computerized in order to record the ultraviolet light-enhanced visualization (ULEV) and the color-enhanced visualization (CEV) of the skin. Previously published data regarding the FMM are gathered in 20 odd Caucasian women. Seven FMM patterns are distinguished. They appear expressed differently according to body regions, but the mean gray level appears more uniform. Expert opinion: The combination of larger subclinical melanotic macules and ivory spots during early adulthood is apparently associated with an increased risk for non-melanoma skin cancers.
    Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The collagen fibril packing that forms threads and bundles is poorly defined, despite the fact that it is important for distinct aspects of the adventitial and reticular dermis. The present study explored an in vitro fibrillogenesis model using the property of heat polymerization. The process was performed on glass slides with mixtures of collagen I and III, and the material was viewed by scanning electron microscopy. In all instances, collagen I and III formed fibrils with regular sizes. The formation of threads was influenced by the relative proportions of collagen I and III; increasing the relative proportion of collagen I resulted in the formation of threads showing increasing variations in thickness. These findings are in line with the differential presentation and compositions of the different parts of the dermis. The possible interventions of stromal cells and of other macromoleules of the extracellular matrix were not considered in this study.
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 03/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Scleroderma refers to distinct clinical presentations sharing in common a sclerotic process most often clinically obvious on the skin. The involvement possibly affects the skin alone in morphea or in combination with internal lesions in systemic sclerosis. Some objective and non-invasive functional assessments are useful for better appreciating the severity and evolution of the disease, as well as to monitor the therapeutic efficacy. In this endeavour, in vivo measurements of the skin mechanical properties are unsurprisingly informative.
    Revue médicale de Liège 03/2013; 68(3):141-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: A few non-invasive biometrological methods are available for monitoring skin stiffening in systemic scleroderma. Among them, the Cutometer® is used for years by several clinical teams. Objectives: To revisit the microscopic structure of the dermal fibrous networks in scleroderma and the relationship with changes in viscoelasticity. Methods: The suction method delivered by the Cutometer® was applied following the progressive stress-vs-strain modality. Results: The test procedure was sensitive enough to document the initial progression steps of acroscleroderma. Four stages were thus identified including i) the incipient, ii) the progressive, iii) the overt, and iv) the regressive acroscleroderma. Conclusion: The non-invasive determination of skin biomechanical functions is relevant both in routine clinical practice and in antisclerotic drug development. It is complementary although not a substitute for the determination of selected serum biomarkers.
    Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics 03/2013; 7(2):119-25.
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    ABSTRACT: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIII (EDS-VIII) is a very rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by early-onset periodontitis associated with features of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. We report a 32-year-old man whose chronic leg ulcer led to the diagnosis of EDS-VIII. He had severe periodontitis with complete loss of permanent teeth and skin fragility with thin skin, atrophic scars, and brownish atrophic pretibial plaques. Leg ulcer is not a prominent feature of EDS-VIII. We suggest adding EDS-VIII to the list of rare diseases accounting for chronic leg ulcers, if this case report prompts others to report leg ulcers associated with EDS-VIII.
    Case reports in dermatological medicine. 01/2013; 2013:469505.
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    ABSTRACT: Drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and acute cutaneous graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR) under immunopreventive therapy share some histopathological resemblance. So far, there are no serum biomarkers and no immunohistochemical criteria distinguishing with confidence and specificity the skin lesions of TEN and GVHR. Both diseases present as an inflammatory cell-poor necrotic reaction of the epidermis. This report compares three sets of 15 immunostaining patterns found in TEN, GVHR, and partial thickness thermal burns (PTTB), respectively. Three series of 17 skin biopsies were scrutinized. Irrespective of the distinct causal pathobiology of TEN and GVHR, similar secondary effector cells were recruited in lesional skin. Burns were less enriched in cells of the monocyte-macrophage disease. These cells likely exert deleterious effects in TEN and GVHR and cannot be simply regarded as passive bystanders. These life-threatening conditions are probably nursed, at least in part, by macrophages.
    ISRN dermatology. 01/2013; 2013:651590.
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    ABSTRACT: Drug eruptions are frequently encountered and they represent "diseases of medical progress". They are expected in about 2% of treated patients. Their putative diagnosis is based on a set of imputability factors. Several distinct drug-induced skin disorders are identified. They are initially recognized from personal experience, but the implication to a specific drug derives from the collective experience of published evidence. Their histopathological aspect is often evocative or demonstrative for the nature of the dermatosis. Some drug eruptions follow an indolent course, while others are life-threatening.
    Revue médicale de Liège 01/2013; 68(1):44-50.
  • T Hermanns-Lê, G E Piérard, Ph Angenot
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    ABSTRACT: Some patients suffering from fibromyalgia present with clinical signs and alterations in the histopathology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the dermis similar to the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hypermobile type (EDSH). Some types of fibromyalgia possibly represent an undiagnosed EDSH.
    Revue médicale de Liège 01/2013; 68(1):22-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Some relationships are established between diabetes mellitus (DM) and a series of cutaneous disorders. Specific dermatoses are markers for undiagnosed DM. Other disorders represent supervening complications in an already treated DM patient. To review the information about dermocosmetic care products and their appropriate use in the management and prevention of dermatoses related to DM. The peer-reviewed literature and empiric findings are covered. Owing to the limited clinical evidence available for the use of dermocosmetics, a review of the routine practices and common therapies in DM-related dermatoses was conducted. Some DM-related dermatoses (acanthosis nigricans, pigmented purpuric dermatosis) are markers of macrovascular complications. The same disorders and some others (xerosis, Dupuytren's disease) have been found to be more frequently associated with microangiopathy. Other skin diseases (alopecia areata, vitiligo) were found to be markers of autoimmunity, particularly in type 1 DM. Unsurprisingly, using dermocosmetics and appropriate skin care has shown objective improvements of some DM-related dermatoses, such effects improve the quality of life. The most common skin manifestations of DM fall along continuum between "dry skin," xerosis, and acquired ichthyosis, occurring predominately on the shins and feet. Dermocosmetic products improve the feeling of well-being for DM patients.
    Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 01/2013; 6:127-35.

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