Article: [Use of 18F FDG-PET in patients with suspicion of recurrent differentiated thyroid cancer by elevated antithyroglobulin antibodies levels and negative ¹³¹I scan].S Sanz Viedma, I Borrego Dorado, J R Rodríguez Rodríguez, E Navarro González, R Vázquez Albertino, R Fernández López, A Agudo Martínez[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the utility of (18F)FDG-PET for patients diagnosed of differentiated thyroid carcinoma who present risk of disease and invaluable levels of thyroglobulin (Tg) by the presence of antibodies antithyroglobulin (AbTg). Retrospective study of 7 women of 40 years old and histological diagnosis of differentiated thyroid cancer (7 papillary tumours) that were sent to our department for the accomplishment of(18F)FDG-PET study because of suspicion of disease, due to ¹³¹I negative and high levels of AbTg, between the year 2002 and 2007. 11 PET scans were obtained after the intravenous injection of 370-434 MBq of (18F)FDG in normoglycemia conditions and previous administration of muscle relaxant, hydration and diuretic. The results of (18F)FDG-PET scans were confirmed by pathologic examination or clinical outcome and radiographic examination for more than 24 months. The prevalence of recurrence in our population was 57.14%. All patients presented levels of Tg lower than 3 ng/dl and AbTg superior to 200 UI/ml. Three patients had precedent thyroiditis. Out of 11 scans performed 3 of them were negative and 8 cases were found positive. It ruled out the existence of disease in three patients and localized the presence of recurrence in 4 patients. (18F)FDG-PET CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG-PET is a useful diagnostic tool for the detection of recurrence as well as to rule out the existence of disease with a high accuracy, in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma with ¹³¹I whole body scan negative but with pathological elevation of antithyroglobulin antibodies.Revista española de medicina nuclear. 02/2011; 30(2):77-82.
Article: [Multivariate study of risk factors for arterial hypotension in pregnant patients at term undergoing Caesarean section under subarachnoid anesthesia].A Martínez Navas, M Echevarría Moreno, P Gómez Reja, S Merino Grande, F Caba Barrientos, R Rodríguez Rodríguez[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The most common and potentially dangerous complication of spinal anesthesia for cesarean section is arterial hypotension. The aim of this study was to analyze maternal and gestational factors that might affect risk of arterial hypotension in full-term parturients undergoing cesarean section. We enrolled full-term parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Spinal puncture was performed at L2-L3 using an atraumatic Sprotte-type needle. We administered 12.5 mg of hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine and 12.5 micrograms of fentanyl. Arterial hypotension was defined as a decrease in systolic pressure of at least 20% or a decrease to a pressure below 100 mmHg. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors related to the presentation of hypotension appearing in the interval between spinal puncture and birth. The incidence of arterial hypotension was 33.3%. Statistical analysis revealed that integrity of the amniotic sac, parity and elective cesarean were significantly associated with a higher incidence of arterial hypotension (p < 0.03). Identifying risk for multiparous parturients with intact amniotic sacs scheduled for elective cesarean can be worthwhile if greater preventive measures are taken in such patients to reduce the incidence and intensity of arterial hypotension.Revista espanola de anestesiologia y reanimacion 05/2000; 47(5):189-93.
Article: [Locoregional anesthesia for cesarean section in full-term pregnancy with single ventricle].R Rodríguez de la Torre, A Hachero Torrejón, F Alamo Tomillero, M Echevarría Moreno, R Rodríguez Rodríguez[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A parturient at full-term diagnosed of a single ventricle and with the fetus in podalic presentation underwent scheduled delivery by cesarean section under epidural anesthesia without complications. The number of women with this cyanogenic congenital heart disease who reach childbearing age is high. The rate of death among parturients with mild or moderate heart disease is low; however, mortality is higher for high-risk women for whom conception is considered contraindicated due to heart disease. Few cases of single-ventricle congenital heart disease have been reported in the literature.Revista espanola de anestesiologia y reanimacion 02/2000; 47(1):36-8.
F Caba, M Echevarría, P Gómez-Reja, J Calderón-Gavilán, A Martínez-Navas, S Merino-Grande, R Rodríguez-Rodríguez[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare satisfaction with local-regional and general anesthesia in women undergoing cesarean, the possible influence of time of evaluation and recall of the anesthesiologist. Retrospective study performed in all women who delivered by cesarean in the 6 first months of 1997. The women were assigned to two groups according to type of anesthesia, local-regional or general. Their satisfaction with anesthesia was evaluated by questionnaire 48 to 72 hours after surgery and two weeks after release. Most items required discrete-point answers, including a satisfaction of a scale of 0 to 10. During the second interview we also evaluated satisfaction with the procedure and hospital in general, as well as recall of the anesthesiologist. Group homogeneity was based on demographic, sociocultural, obstetric and surgical variables. In a context of high satisfaction with anesthesia, 189 (76%) of the 247 women receiving local-regional anesthesia gave high evaluations to the anesthesia (8.90 +/- 1.5; mean: 10), compared with 58 (24%) of those receiving general anesthesia (8 +/- 2; mean 8.5) (p = 0.001). Both groups were homogeneous except for the distribution of emergencies, which occurred more often in those receiving general anesthesia (p < 0.001). Women who had received local-regional anesthesia expressed greater willingness to repeat or recommend the technique (p < 0.001). The highest score in this group was from women receiving intradural anesthesia along with fentanyl for local anesthesia, with significant differences only in comparison to epidural anesthesia. The differences in responses between the first and second interview were scarce. The hospital received a lower evaluation than did either anesthesia or surgery (p < 0.001). The anesthesiologist, who was less well recognized than the obstetrician was remembered better among women receiving local-regional anesthesia (p = 0.008). Local-regional anesthesia can improve levels of satisfaction over that of general anesthesia among women undergoing cesarean surgery, and contributes to maintaining recall of the anesthesiologist. These results may be related to the fact of being conscious during the birth of a child.Revista espanola de anestesiologia y reanimacion 05/1998; 45(5):172-8.
A Escudero Barrilero, E Fernández Fernández, M Jiménez Cidre, E Maganto Pavón, T Mayayo Dehesa, R Rodríguez Rodríguez, F Galbis San Juan, F J Burgos Revilla[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The most widespread opinion, and until recently the only option, is that every vesical transitional cancer invading the muscle is, regardless its extent, candidate for radical cystectomy and that in spite of nobody questioning the advantages of partial cystectomy. 45 patients with vesical infiltrant cancer T2 or higher, followed between 9 and 258 months and managed with partial cystectomy, were analyzed. Only patients with no radiotherapy were included and only in one patient pre-operative chemotherapy was used. In 8 patients no tumour was found in the specimen (pTO). Tumour grade was pTa in 2; pT1 in 11; pT2 in 5; pT3a in 4; pT3b in 11; and pX in 4 patients. Eight (8) patients had nodal involvement. Twenty-one (21) cases showed bladder relapse. In six (6), vesical infiltrant relapse was associated to metastasis. One case showed vesical relapse, pelvic mass and metastasis, and 4 only metastasis. Extravesical disease-free time and survival are better than in the group treated with radical cystectomy. But this is a highly selected group. With the same prospects of extravesical disease-free time and survival we offer: shorter, less risky surgery with low post-surgical morbidity and mortality and less hospitalization and proportion of late sequela. Better quality of life, with no skin stoma, incontinence or impotence Although the risk of vesical relapse persists, the procedures required to resolve vesical shunt or replacement complications are more aggressive than TUR sufficient to treat most relapses, and when recurrence is infiltrant radical cystectomy may be used as a rescue measure. This is so even now with the profusion of the so-called "mini-invasive" procedures. We believe that neither radio- and/or chemotherapy combinations contribute nothing to partial cystectomy alone. They may even be harmful and have significant side-effects. It is plain that POs are the result of total removal by TUR. Due to the little reliability when defining T, it is very hard to evaluate the contribution of adjuvant measures. Patients with no vesical tumour (pTOs) or pT1-pT2 tumours, and even up to pT3a, should not be included in protocols to evaluate the efficacy of combined cytostatic agents since their use is superfluous. Radiotherapy makes no contribution to this type of tumour in terms of local relapse and apparently has no effect on the metastasis.Actas urologicas españolas 07/1997; 21(6):572-89. · 0.46 Impact Factor