Pierre Moret

History of Geography, Archaeology, Entomology
11.68

Publications

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    Pierre Moret, Alain Badie
    12/2014; 71(177-178):53-61. DOI:10.3989/aespa.1998.v71.274
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    ABSTRACT: Alpine areas of the tropical Andes constitute the largest of all tropical alpine regions worldwide. They experience a particularly harsh climate, and they are fragmented into tropical alpine islands at various spatial scales. These factors generate unique patterns of continental insularity, whose impacts on biodiversity remain to be examined precisely. By reviewing existing literature and by presenting unpublished data on beta-diversity and endemism for a wide array of taxonomic groups, we aimed at providing a clear, overall picture of the isolation-biodiversity relationship in the tropical alpine environments of the Andes. Our analyses showed that (1) taxa with better dispersal capacities and wider distributions (e.g., grasses and birds) were less restricted to alpine areas at local scale; (2) similarity among communities decreased with spatial distance between isolated alpine areas; and (3) endemism reached a peak in small alpine areas strongly isolated from main alpine islands. These results pinpoint continental insularity as a powerful driver of biodiversity in the tropical High Andes. A combination of human activities and warming is expected to increase the effects of continental insularity in the next decades, especially by amplifying the resistance of the lowland matrix that surrounds tropical alpine islands.
    Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research 11/2014; 46(4):811-828. DOI:10.1657/1938-4246-46.4.811 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: The fragment from Posidonius which deals with Tolosa and the treasures the Tectosages had hoarded there (fr 273 EK = Strabo IV 1,13) conjures up the image of an “area rich in gold”. Semantic and syntactic correspondences with other fragments relative to the Helvetes and Iberians light up the meaning of that passage. Those correspondences reveal the complexity of Posidonius’ethnographic and historic approach, half way between moral discourse and geographic determinism, against a background of stoic philosophy.
    03/2013; DOI:10.4000/pallas.621
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    ABSTRACT: Proceedings of an International Congress about the Iberian culture of the Iron Age in the Ebro region (north east of the Iberian Peninsula).
    01/2012; , ISBN: 978-84-940565-1-2
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    Luc Robbiola, Pierre Moret, Thierry Lejars
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    ABSTRACT: This paper offers new perspectives for improving our knowledge of arthropods in wet and aerobic archaeological contexts. The very-near environment of uncleaned buried bronzeartefacts, two ronde-bosse ornaments of a Celtic grave from the Iron Age (275 to 250 BC, LaFosse-Cotheret, Roissy-en-France), was studied by means of optical and scanning electronmicroscopies. Taking into account recent knowledge on bronze corrosion (decuprification),this micro-investigation (micro-archaeology) allowed identification of two fossilized arthropods— Cryptophagus sp. (Insecta, Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae) and Coccotydaeolus sp. (Acari, Tydaeoidea, Iolinidae)—which sheds some light upon the complex taphonomic process that occurred after the burial of a Celtic chariot. These first results support the ideathat the local corroded metal/soil system has to be investigated for a better understanding of archaeological microenvironments. Efficient minute investigation of soiled bronzes could be performed prior to systematic cleaning of artefacts.
    Archaeometry 12/2011; 53(6):1249-1256. DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4754.2011.00607.x · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    Luis Berrocal-Rangel, Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: Les fortifications de l'Hispanie celtique Les fortifications des Celtes de la péninsule Ibérique, vues du nord des Pyrénées, peuvent dérouter l'archéologue habitué aux réalisations homogènes de l'architecture laténienne. Non seulement elles sont très différentes des ouvrages défensifs de l'Europe moyenne, tant dans leur conception que dans leur mise en oeuvre, mais en outre elles sont extrêmement diverses, comme si plusieurs traditions d'architecture défensive avaient coexisté dans l'aire celtique péninsulaire. Ce constat, analogue à celui que l'on peut faire à propos de l'urbanisme, de l'architecture domestique, de l'armement, des éléments de parure ou de bien d'autres aspects de la culture matérielle des peuples hispaniques, a souvent conduit les auteurs de langue anglaise, allemande ou française à écarter ce dossier de leurs synthèses sur l'architecture celtique, alors même que la celticité des habitants d'une grande partie du centre et de l'ouest de la péninsule est un fait absolument indéniable. C'est à l'examen de ce paradoxe que nous nous attacherons dans cette communication, en tenant compte de la diversité des faciès régionaux, ce qui nous amènera à envisager séparément quatre aires de développement de l'architecture défensive protohistorique : le Centre‑Est, l'Ouest, le Nord et le Nord‑Ouest de la péninsule Ibérique.
    Murus Celticus. Architecture et fonctions des remparts de l'Âge du Fer, Bibracte 19 edited by Strephan Fichtl, 11/2010: chapter Les Fortifications de l'Hispanie Celtique: pages 335-354; Centre Archéologiqye Européen de Bibracte, C.N.R.S.., ISBN: 978-2-909668-64-2
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    Osuna retratada. Memoria fotográfica de la misión arqueológica francesa de 1903, Amigos de los Museos de Osuna edited by José Ildefonso Ruiz Cecilia, Pierre Moret, 01/2009: pages 11-16; , ISBN: 978-84-8434-502-2
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    Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: Species richness and diversity of Carabidae (Coleoptera), as well as rates of endemicity, are studied along altitudinal transects in the páramo of Ecuadorian Andes, from 3500 to 5000 m. Whereas a global tendency to reduction of species richness is evident from 4200 m upwards, two zones of high diversity and high proportion of endemic species occur at 3800-4000 m and at 4200-4400 m. Species turnover between grass páramo and superpáramo is signifi cantly higher in drier mountains, especially in the Western Cordillera, than in humid mountains of the Eastern Cordillera. The altitudinal range of Carabid species tends globally to decrease along the vertical gradient, but with important local variations due to microenvironmental factors, especially humidity rate. When compared with recent phytogeographical studies, these results tend to support the idea that the majority of tussock-grass páramo is a secondary anthropogenic ecosystem. On the contrary, it is argued that the xeric landscape of the Chimborazo "arenal" is primordial, based on the presence of a stenotopic and possibly relict species, Pelmatellus andium Bates 1891.
    Annales- Societe Entomologique de France 01/2009; 45(4):500-510. DOI:10.1080/00379271.2009.10697632 · 0.54 Impact Factor
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    Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: Diploharpus Chaudoir 1850 is a neotropical genus of the carabid tribe Perigonini, widespread in Central and South America from Mexico to Bolivia. Diploharpus adults are found under barks of dead trees and in rotting logs in tropical rainforests and montane subtropi-cal forests. This work includes descriptions, illustrations, and distributional data for four new Ecuadorian species: Diploharpus pubescens n. sp. (type locality: Sucumbíos province, El Higuerón, 1850 m), Diploharpus curtulus n. sp., Diploharpus iridescens n. sp., and Diploharpus rossii n. sp. (type locality of these three spe-cies: Cotopaxi province, Otonga, 1900 to 2000 m). Resumen: Diploharpus Chaudoir 1850 es un género neotropical de la tribu Perigonini, ampliamente distribuido en América Central y Suramérica desde México hasta Bolivia. Los adultos de Diploharpus se encuentran bajo la corteza de los árboles muertos o en troncos podridos en el bosque húmedo tropical y en el bosque montano subtropical. Este trabajo incluye las descripciones, ilustraciones y datos de distribución geográfica de cuatro especies nuevas del Ecuador: Diploharpus pubescens n. sp. (localidad típica: prov. Sucumbíos, El Higuerón, 1850 m), Diploharpus curtu-lus n. sp., Diploharpus iridescens n. sp. y Diploharpus rossii n. sp. (localidad típica de las tres últimas: prov. Cotopaxi, Otonga, 1900 a 2000 m).
    Biodiversity of South America I. Memoirs on Biodiversity, 1, Edited by P. M. Giachino, 01/2008: chapter Four new species of Diploharpus Chaudoir 1850 from Ecuador (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Perigonini): pages 201-208; World Biodiversity Association onlus, Verona.
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    Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: Cette étude offre sur la longue durée une synthèse de l'évolution des formes d'habitat dans l'Ibérie de l'âge du Fer et du début de l'époque romaine. La première partie jette quelques éclairages sur la longue période qui va du VIIe au IVe siècle, en mettant l'accent sur les mutations de l'Ibérique Ancien (autour du VIe siècle), tant du point de vue des fortifications que de l'architecture domestique. La deuxième partie aborde la transition des IIIe et IIe siècles, d'abord sous le rapport des modèles architecturaux hellénistiques et de leurs voies de diffusion, avant et après la conquête romaine, avec l'examen d'un cas particulier (les tours pentagonales) ; puis à propos des enceintes urbaines des cités pérégrines du IIe siècle. Centrée sur le Bas Aragon entre le VIIe et le IIIe siècle, la troisième partie envisage une forme d'habitat particulière : les maisons-tours isolées, du lien entre aristocratie et architecture de prestige, et de la hiérarchie des types d'établissement. La quatrième partie traite d'un autre dossier spécifique, celui des maisons fortes isolées qui se multiplient dans le sud de l'Hispanie à partir du milieu du Ier siècle av. J.-C. Cette forme originale d'habitat rural pose la question d'un mode de romanisation sui generis qui mêle des traits italiques, puniques, hellénistiques et ibériques.
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    Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: This book deals with the taxonomy, ecology, biodiversity and biogeography of the Carabid beetles that live in the paramo of Ecuadorian Andes. Paramo is a mountain ecosystem formed by large areas of tussock grasses, cushion plants and sclerophylous shrubs, above the present timber line (3400-3600 m) and up to the snow line. 204 species are reviewed and arranged in 16 genera and 8 tribes (Migadopini, Bembidiini, Trechini, Platyinini, Pterostichini, Dercylini, Harpalini and Lebiini). The nomenclatural changes include one new subtribe, one new subgenus, 57 new species, 5 new subspecies and 5 new synonymies. Identification keys are provided for the genera, the species groups and all the species. Full-body habitus figures are given for 103 species, partial habitus figures for 54 species, and macrophotographs for 24 species in three color plates, along with 87 location maps. Biotopes are illustrated by 22 color photographs. A detailed set of faunistic and ecological data is provided for 44 mountain areas throughout Ecuador , with lists of species and informations about their abundance, habitat preference and altitudinal range. Carabid assemblages demonstrate the importance of the lower superpáramo (4100-4400 m) as a zone of relatively high biodiversity and contribute to the current debate about the origin of grass paramo ("pajonal") in equatorial Andes . Regarding conservation issues, the composition of Carabid communities provides precise evidence for an estimation of the degree of perturbation of grassland habitats, or for identification of diversity hotspots within the paramo ecosystem. Most of the paramo Carabids are micropterous endemic species, restricted to very small montane areas. Based on their distribution patterns, five areas of endemism are distinguished: the Carchi area, the Pichincha-Chimborazo area, the Cajas area, the Saraguro area and the Loja area. These results are congruent with phytogeographic data. Hypotheses are built about the origin of this fauna and a comparison is made with other high altitude grassland Carabid faunas.
    Author's layout edited by Quito, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Centro de Biodiversidad y Ambiente, 01/2005;
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    Pierre Moret
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    ABSTRACT: This book deals with the taxonomy, ecology, biodiversity and biogeography of the Carabid beetles that live in the paramo of Ecuadorian Andes. Paramo is a mountain ecosystem formed by large areas of tussock grasses, cushion plants and sclerophylous shrubs, above the present timber line (3400-3600 m) and up to the snow line. 204 species are reviewed and arranged in 16 genera and 8 tribes (Migadopini, Bembidiini, Trechini, Platyinini, Pterostichini, Dercylini, Harpalini and Lebiini). The nomenclatural changes include one new subtribe, one new subgenus, 57 new species, 5 new subspecies and 5 new synonymies. Identification keys are provided for the genera, the species groups and all the species. Full-body habitus figures are given for 103 species, partial habitus figures for 54 species, and macrophotographs for 24 species in three color plates, along with 87 location maps. Biotopes are illustrated by 22 color photographs. A detailed set of faunistic and ecological data is provided for 44 mountain areas throughout Ecuador , with lists of species and informations about their abundance, habitat preference and altitudinal range. Carabid assemblages demonstrate the importance of the lower superpáramo (4100-4400 m) as a zone of relatively high biodiversity and contribute to the current debate about the origin of grass paramo ("pajonal") in equatorial Andes . Regarding conservation issues, the composition of Carabid communities provides precise evidence for an estimation of the degree of perturbation of grassland habitats, or for identification of diversity hotspots within the paramo ecosystem. Most of the paramo Carabids are micropterous endemic species, restricted to very small montane areas. Based on their distribution patterns, five areas of endemism are distinguished: the Carchi area, the Pichincha-Chimborazo area, the Cajas area, the Saraguro area and the Loja area. These results are congruent with phytogeographic data. Hypotheses are built about the origin of this fauna and a comparison is made with other high altitude grassland Carabid faunas.
    Author's layout edited by Quito, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Centro de Biodiversidad y Ambiente, 01/2005;
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  • Pierre Moret
    Latomus 01/2004; DOI:10.2307/41540466
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    01/2003; 76:231-246. DOI:10.3989/aespa.2003.v76.116
  • Pierre Moret
    Revue archéologique 01/2002; DOI:10.2307/41017043
  • Pierre (coord.) Moret, Fernando (coord.) Quesada Sanz
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    ABSTRACT: Fecha de exportación: el 24 de octubre de 2013, Origen: DIALNET
    01/2002; Casa de Velázquez., ISBN: 8495555298
  • Pierre Moret
    Revue archéologique 01/2002; DOI:10.2307/41017042

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