Article: Optimum Insecticide Doses Determination of Seed Oil of Three Botanicals Jatropha Curcas L., Helianthus Annus L. and Cocos Nucifera L. against Maize Weevil Sitophilus Zeamais Mots.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The insecticidal effect of four dosage rates of three botanicals namely Jatropha curcas, Heliathus annus and Cocos nucifera was tested on the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais Mots.. This is done for the purpose of finding a replacement for conventional insecticides which has been found to be harmful to man. The seed oil was applied topically at the rate of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mL per insect. There were a total of 20 insects per Petri-dish. There were four replicates per treatment. Insect mortality was recorded on 12 hourly basis for 48 hours. The results of insects treated with all dosage rates of C. nucifera showed a significantly higher mortality when compared with the control. In the case of H. annus, insect mortality ranged from 40-100, 70-100, 60-100 and 80-100% and for J. curcas the result ranged from 0.0-100, 40-100, 80-100 and 80-100% for rates of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mL, respectively, from 12 hrs to 48 hrs post application. The control experiment remained at 0% level throughout the period of the experimentsJournal of Life Sciences. 02/2011; 5:298-301.
Francis Olawale Abulude[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The study assessed the anatomical weight, proximate, mineral and in vitro digestibility compositions. The economic and organoleptic evaluations were conducted using standard methods. Protein and ash contents were high in all the samples, fat and fibre were low. Anatomical values showed that life weights of giant rat and grasscutter were the highest, 1161.2 and 3164 g, respectively. The abundant mineral values (mg 100 g-1) were K, Na, Ca and Mg having mean values of 529.8, 622.6, 477.3 and 514.5, respectively. The trace elements were present in amounts that could contribute to the RDA. The lead levels were low, but it would be advisable not to consume meats that are high in this element due to its carcinogenic effect. The digestibility values were between 59.96 (pigeon bird) and 68.25% (giant rat). Biological Value (BV), Net Protein Utilization (NPU) and Net Protein Value (NPV) were high. Economically, the cheaper sources of protein were found to be bat, cattle egret and cuban boa. From the results, it was observed that nutritional qualities of the bush meats were comparable to conventional meats.American Journal of Food Technology. 01/2007;
Article: Nutritional and nutritional compositions of underutilized seeds of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) and Loofa (Luffa cylindrical)J. Res. Agric. 12/2006; 3(2):28-32.