Montserrat Llovera

PhD
Research Assistant
Universitat de Lleida · Scientific Technical Services

Publications

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    ABSTRACT: Cuticle composition and structure may be relevant factors affecting the storage potential of fruits, but very few studies have analyzed fruit cuticle composition from a postharvest perspective. In this work, the chemical composition of waxes and cutin (major cuticular components) was analyzed in cuticle samples isolated from 'Celeste' and 'Somerset' cherries (Prunus avium L.) after cold storage at 0 ºC. Total cuticle amounts per surface unit (μg cm-2) increased along cold storage. The triterpene ursolic acid, the alkane nonacosane, linoleic acid and β-sitosterol were the most abundant components of cuticular waxes, whereas cutin composition was dominated by C18-type monomers. In spite of being comprised of similar chemical families, cultivar-related differences were found regarding the abundance and the evolution of some compound families during cold storage. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on changes in cuticle composition of sweet cherry during postharvest storage.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 08/2014; 62:8722-8729. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although postharvest quality of fruit produce is greatly impacted by cuticle composition, structure and properties, very few published studies have analyzed fruit cuticle composition from a postharvest perspective. In this work, the chemical composition of waxes and cutin, major cuticular components, was analyzed in fruit cuticle samples isolated from a melting ('October Sun') and a non-melting ('Jesca') peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch.) cultivar at harvest and after a simulated shelf life period of 5 days at 20 ºC. Cutin composition was dominated by 18-hydroxy-oleic acid, while the triterpenoid ursolic and oleanoic acids, and the alkanes n-tricosane and n-pentacosane, were quantitatively prominent among the wax compounds identified. Some quantitative differences were found between both cultivars for particular compound families, and in their postharvest modifications. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study characterizing the composition of cuticle of peach fruit and describing the changes therein after harvest.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 03/2014; 62:3488−3495. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGOUND: Proper treatment technologies are required to address the environmental issues associated with increasing volumes of slurries. Ammonia stripping reduces the nitrogen content of the slurries and allows for its recovery in a valuable form. Herein the influence of pig slurry characteristics on ammonia stripping efficiency and the quality of the recovered ammonia solution were assessed. RESULTS: Substrates characterized bylow organicmatter content, below 10 g COD L-1, resultedin ammonia stripping efficiencies greater than 80%. Changing slurry pH to 9.5 significantly improved the process, even though high COD contents kept the efficiencies below 70%. Ammonium sulfate solutions could be concentrated up to nitrogen contents greater than 40 g N L-1, while maintaining low organic contamination. Introducing a basic trap (pH>12) before the acid one, allowed for the retention of more than 60% of the stripped organics with less than 3% of the stripped ammonia. CONCLUSIONS: Ammonia stripping coupled with absorption proved to be a suitable technical solution for the recovery and valorization of the nitrogen contained in pig slurries. Clear enhancements in process efficiency were observed in the case of slurries with low organic matter content. The introduction of a basic trap, together with a slight increase in the operational pH level, further increased organics abatement. �c 2012 Society of Chemical Industry
    Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 02/2013; 88(9):1654. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The polymer-assisted reaction of 4-(hydroxymethyl)furan-2(5H)-one (4HM2F) with 21 carboxylic acids using polystyrene-carbodiimide (PS-carbodiimide) yielded an ester library. Four of the esters, (5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)methyl acetate (IS-1), (5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)methyl butyrate (IS-2), (5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)methyl 2-methylpropanoate (IS-3), and (5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)methyl chloroacetate (IS-4), were tested as internal standards for the quantification of patulin in apple juice by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the selected ion monitoring mode (GC-MS-SIM). The developed method combines an AOAC official extractive step and a GC-MS-SIM analysis. Using a chromatographic column containing trifluoropropylmethylpolysiloxane as the stationary phase and IS-1 as the internal standard, it was possible to perform an accurate and precise quantification of underivatizated patulin in apple juice at concentrations down to 6 microg/L. A detection limit of 1 microg/L was established.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 09/2005; 53(17):6643-8. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of several solvent systems on the chromatographic response of fumonisin B1 and B2 derived with 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AccQ.Fluor) is described. Naturally contaminated corn samples were extracted and purified by a standard method. Then, samples were dissolved in different solvents, derived with AccQ.Fluor reagent and analysed using HPLC. Results were solvent dependent, methanol being the best one among all assayed solvents for both fumonisins studied and acetonitrile the poorest. o-Phthaldialdehyde (OPA) reagent was used as a reference method.
    Journal of Chromatography A 03/2000; 870(1-2):469-72. · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fumonisins are produced by several fungal species that are common contaminants of maize. The most abundant naturally occurring fumonisin, fumonisin B1 (FB1), has been shown to induce several animal disease syndromes. The development of analytical methods is therefore important. A new method is described that integrates extraction and purification of maize samples in one step. It efficiency is compared against well-known methods, and shows similar results for naturally contaminated maize. It is concluded that the proposed method can be applied to fumonisin B1 and fumonisin B2 (FB2) analysis in maize at least within the concentration range found.
    Food Additives and Contaminants 04/1999; 16(3):125-8. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An alternative approach based on the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is used to confirm the presence of patulin in apple juice. In the gas chromatography (GC) methods previously described, derivatization of patulin was always necessary in order to achieve good chromatographic detection. The use of electronic pressure control (EPC) and on-column injection avoids the need for patulin derivatization and allows a sensitive analysis of patulin. A detection limit of 4 microg/liter in apple juice can be attributed to the method.
    Journal of food protection 03/1999; 62(2):202-5. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    Jordi Eras, Montserrat Llovera, Xavier Ferran, Ramon Canela Ab
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    ABSTRACT: A variety of methyl esters are converted into the corresponding propyl esters upon treatment with l-propanol and chlorotrimethylsilane. Among them acyclic aliphatic esters have the best conversion rate.
    Synthetic Communications 01/1999; 29(7):1129. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Juvenile hormone content of Sesamia nonagrioides larvae reared under different environmental conditions that induce diapause was studied using a bioassay on newly-emerged Tribolium confusum pupae. Two analytical methods were also used to measure JHIII content. Extracts from larvae that developed under different conditions of photoperiod and temperature caused different effects in T. confusum pupae. This can be related to different diapause intensities. Extracts from diapausing larvae produced a higher juvenilizing effect than the expected, considering their JHIII titer calculated by the chromatographic analysis. This indicates that hormones other than JHIII must be present in extracts of diapausing larvae of S. nonagrioides. The analytical procedures confirm that diapausing larvae have a higher JHIII titer in the haemolymph than non-diapausing larvae. This shows that JH is involved in the maintenance of diapause in this species.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/1998; 44(5-6):419-425. · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • Montserrat Llovera i Arcas
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMEn aquest treball es presenten diferents estratègies encaminades a millorarlanàlisi qualitativa i quantitativa de patulina en suc de poma mitjançant la utilització de tècniques cromatogràfiques dacoblament, CG-EM i HPLC-EM.Un aspecte rellevant daquesta estratègia es basa en lobtenció mitjançant síntesi química de compostos estructuralment relacionats a la patulina per a ser utilitzats com a patrons interns en lanàlisi quantitativa.Shan preparat tres sèries de compostos:Una sèrie de sis compostos preparats per condensació entre el tertbutil[( 5-{[tert-butil(dimetil)silil]oxi}-3-furil)metoxi]dimetilsilà, sintetitzat en aquest treball, i 6 aldèhis diferents.Una segona sèrie de sis compostos utilitzant en aquest cas el reactiu comercial el (2-furiloxi)(trimetil)silà i els mateixos 6 aldehids.I una tercera sèrie de compostos obtinguts per esterificació entre la 4-(hidroximetil) furan -2(5H)-ona, un alcohol sintetitzat també en aquesttreball i 21 àcids diferents. En aquest cas s'ha seguit una estratègia de síntesi en paral·lel, fent totes les reaccions en fase sòlida.Els èsters obtinguts es van analitzar utilitzant dos columnes capil·lars de diferent fase estacionaria, una de 5% fenilmetilpolisiloxà i una de trifluorometilpropilpolisiloxà. Un total de 4 èsters van reportar resultats satisfactoris com a patrons interns, en lanàlisi quantitativa de patulina sense derivatitzar per CG-ES-SIM. Si bé els resultats més òptims des del punt de vista de precisió i exactitud es van obtenir utilitzant lèster (5-oxo-2,5-dihidrofuran-3-il)-metilacetat i la columna cromatogràfica de trifluorometilpropilpolisiloxà. En aquestes condicions es va assolir un límitde detecció de 1 µg/L i un límit de quantificació inferior a 6 µg/L de patulina en suc de poma.RESUMENEn el siguiente trabajo se presentan diferentes estrategias encaminadas amejorar el análisis de la micotoxina patulina en zumo de manzana, empleando técnicas cromatográficas de acoplamiento con la espectrometria de masas, tales como la CG-EM y la HPLC-EM.Un aspecto importe del trabajo se basa en la síntesis de compuestos estructuralmente relacionados con la patulina, para ser utilizados como patrones internos en el análisis cuantitativo.Se han sintetizado tres series de compuestos:Seis de ellos a partir de la reacción entre el tert-butil[(5-{[tertbutil( dimetil)silil]oxi}-3-furil)metoxi]dimetilsilano, compuesto también sintetizado en este trabajo, con 6 aldehídos distintos.Una segunda serie de 6 compuestos preparados a partir del reactivo comercial, el (2-furiloxi)(trimetil)silano con 6 aldehídos.Una tercera serie de compuestos obtenidos por síntesis paralela en una reacción de esterificación en fase sólida a partir del compuesto 4- (hidroximetil)furan-2(5H)-ona, obtenido también en este trabajo y 21ácidos diferentes.Cuatro de los ésteres sintetizados han sido probados con éxito, como patrones internos, en el análisis cuantitativo mediante CG-EM-SIM depatulina en zumo de manzana, sin necesidad de proceder a la preparación de un derivado de esta micotoxina. Se han probado dos tipos de columnascapilares, con fases estacionarias de 5% fenilmetilpolisiloxano y detrifluoropropilmetilpolisiloxano. Los mejores resultados en cuanto a precisión y exactitud se refiere, se han obtenido con la utilización del patrón interno acetato de (5-oxo-2, 5-dihidrofuran -3-il)-metilo y la fase estacionaria de trifluoroprilmetilpolisiloxano. El límite de detección calculado es de 1 µg/L y el límite de cuantificación es inferior a 6 µg/L.SummaryIn the present work we develop a strategy to improve the analysis of patulin in apple juice using chromatographic hyphenated techniques such us GC-MS and HPLC-MS. One aspect of the strategy deals with the synthesis of compounds structurally related to patulin to be used as internal standards in the quantification step.Three synthetic series of compounds have been prepared:In the first one we have synthesized 6 compounds by reaction of tertbutyl[(5-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3-furyl)methoxy]dimethylsilanewith different aldehids.In the second one, we have synthesized 6 aldols from the reaction of (2-furyloxy)(trimethyl)silane with different aldehids.In the third series we have prepared 21 esters using a parallel synthesis strategy in a polymer-assisted reaction of 4- (hydroxymethyl) furan- 2(5H)-one with 21 different carboxylic acids.Four of the esters have been successfully used as internal standards for the quantification of underivatized patulin in apple juice using gaschromatography-mass spectrometry in SIM mode. Two different capillary chromatographic columns were assayed, a 5% phenylmethylpolyxiloxanestationary phase and a trifluoropropylmethylpolisiloxane one.When using trifluoropropylmethylpolisiloxane as stationary phase and (5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-methyl acetate as IS a precise and accurate quantification of patulin can be obtained down to 6 µg/L. A detection limit of 1 µg/L was established.
    http://www.tesisenxarxa.net.

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