Article: Caries prevalence associated with Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus in Japanese schoolchildren.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus are known to be associated with dental caries in humans. We used a polymerase chain reaction method to detect S. mutans and S. sobrinus in 128 Japanese schoolchildren and then compared their presence with the dental caries experience. Plaque samples were collected from all erupted tooth sites with a sterile toothbrush, and dental examinations were performed to determine the numbers of decayed and filled teeth in primary (dft) and permanent (DFT) dentition using the WHO caries diagnostic criteria. Fisher's PLSD test was employed to compare caries scores between combinations of the detected bacteria. Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus were present in 38.3% and 68.0%, respectively, whereas 14.8% were positive for S. mutans alone, 44.5% for S. sobrinus alone, and 23.5% for both S. mutans and S. sobrinus, with 17.2% negative for both. The DFT, dft, and total (DFT + dft) scores for subjects positive for both S. mutans and S. sobrinus were significantly higher than those positive for S. mutans alone (P < 0.05, in triplicate). These results suggest that schoolchildren harbouring both S. mutans and S. sobrinus have a significant higher dental caries experience in both permanent and primary teeth as compared to those with S. mutans alone.International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 01/2012; 22(5):342-8. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Porphyromonas gingivalis FimA fimbriae have been classified into 6 genotypes (types I-V and Ib) based on the diversity of the fimA genes encoding the fimbrial subunits. We investigated the prevalence of fimA genotype in Japanese children. Dental plaque specimens were obtained from 400 subjects (age; 2 to 15 years), including 134 with healthy gingiva, 239 with gingivitis and 27 with periodontitis, and then analyzed by polymerase chain reaction. P. gingivalis was detected in 1.5%, 10.0% and 29.6% of these subjects, respectively. Significant differences were observed with regard to P. gingivalis infection among the groups [chi-squared analysis: gingivitis vs. healthy, P < 0.01, odds ratio (OR) = 7.4; periodontitis vs. healthy, P < 0.001, OR = 27.8]. In P. gingivalis-positive subjects with periodontitis, the most prevalent fimA types were type Ib/type II combination (37.5%) and type IV (37.5%), followed by type II (25.0%), while type IV (33.3%) and type II (29.2%) were most often detected in those with gingivitis. Our results suggest that the presence of P. gingivalis is associated with periodontal diseases, and that the type II, IV and Ib/II combination are the most common among fimA genotypes.Journal of Oral Science 01/2012; 54(1):77-83.
Article: PRECEDE-PROCEED model modification in community-based oral health promotion by using the linear structural relations programme.Makoto Kawamura, Takashi Komabayashi, Hisako Sasahara, Mitsugi Okada, Norihiro Taguchi, Tetsuji Ogawa[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The PRECEDE-PROCEED (P-P) model is a framework for designing health education/promotion programmes. While the P-P model has been used to design community-based oral health programmes, outcome assessments of the model are seldom reported. The aim of the present study was to explore whether pathways in the P-P model accurately reflect the current status of environmental/behavioural assessment in a Japanese community and to examine whether using the linear structural relations (LISREL) programme would improve the model. In a community health centre in Japan, a questionnaire with 29 items regarding oral health was distributed to 824 mothers with 3-year-old children. The items were compiled into eight variables that were tested using the LISREL programme. Goodness-of-fit index (GFI), adjusted goodness-of-fit index (AGFI) and root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) were statistically analysed before and after P-P model modification. The GFI, AGFI and RMSEA were 0.913, 0.776 and 0.161 before, and 0.975, 0.939 and 0.075 after P-P model modification, respectively. Indirect effects on the quality of life from the predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors became stronger than those in the initial P-P model. The overall fit of the modified P-P model was significantly better than that of the P-P model without modification, which did not accurately reflect the status of environmental/behavioural assessment in the community. The modified P-P model reflected the current status of environmental/behavioural assessment in the community. Health education models should be tested rigorously to ensure that they fit the reality of people's behaviour.Oral health & preventive dentistry 01/2010; 8(4):315-21. · 0.55 Impact Factor
Mitsugi Okada, Yoshiko Taniguchi, Fumiko Hayashi, Takako Doi, Junji Suzuki, Motoyuki Sugai, Katsuyuki Kozai[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acquisition of mutans streptococci has been reported to most commonly occur at approximately 26 months of age. In the present study, we detected Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays in children, then re-examined the subjects to determine the time of acquisition of these bacteria over a 1-year period. The subjects were 57 children ranging in age from 3 to 5 years old, each with primary dentition. Plaque samples were collected from all erupted tooth sites using a sterile toothbrush. PCR assays were performed to detect the targeted mutans streptococci at the beginning of the study (baseline) and after 1 year. At the baseline examination, the prevalence of S. mutans and S. sobrinus was 61.4% and 54.4%, respectively, in all subjects, of whom 14 (24.6%) were positive for S. mutans alone, 10 (17.5%) for S. sobrinus alone, and 21 (36.8%) for both S. mutans and S. sobrinus, with 12 (21.1%) negative for both. After 1 year, 4 of 22 (18.2%) subjects newly had acquired S. mutans and 15 of 26 (57.7%) had aquired S. sobrinus, while 5 (8.8%) remained negative for both bacteria. The age of the first positive S. mutans finding ranged from 49 to 71 months, while that for S. sobrinus ranged from 49 to 81 months old. Our results suggest that S. sobrinus becomes established later than S. mutans in the oral cavities of children over the age of 3 years old.International Journal of Dentistry 01/2010; 2010:732468.
Article: Simultaneous interrelationship between the oral health behavior and oral health status of mothers and their children.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the simultaneous interrelationships of oral health behavior and oral health between mothers and their children using the linear structural relations (LISREL) program. The subjects comprised 117 pairs of mothers and their children aged between 8 and 11 years. Dental status was expressed as DMFT. The Oral Rating Index (ORI) for mothers and ORI for children (ORI-C) were used as measures of gingival health. Hiroshima University Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) was used for the assessment of mothers' oral health behavior. HU-DBI had a direct positive relationship to ORI, a direct negative relationship to DFT, and a direct positive association with ORI-C. Toothbrushing had a direct negative relationship to ORI-C. The hypothesized model was found to be closely consistent with the data. These results indicate that the periodontal health status of mothers is directly related to the oral health status of their children, and that toothbrushing by children is directly related to their gingival health.Journal of Oral Science 01/2009; 50(4):447-52.