Article: Comparison of the Cobas 4800 HPV Test and the Seeplex HPV4A ACE with the Hybrid Capture 2 Test.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: It is well-known that persistent cervical infections with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) are related to the development of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive cervical cancer and that infection with HPV 16 and HPV 18 accounts for approximately 70% of all cases of invasive cervical cancer.Methods: We performed 3 HPV molecular tests-the Cobas 4800 HPV test, the Seeplex HPV4A ACE, and the hybrid capture 2 (HC2) test-in 146 cervical swab samples to compare between these three tests.Results: There was a concordance rate of 82.8% between the results of the Cobas 4800 HPV and the HC2 test and a concordance rate of 84.9% between the results of the Seeplex HPV4A ACE and the HC2 test. Between the Cobas 4800 HPV test and the Seeplex HPV4A ACE, there was a concordance rate of 89.6% in the detection of high-risk HPV between the results and a concordance rate of 98.7% in the detection of HPV 16 or 18. When an abnormal Pap test was defined as ≥low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), the sensitivity of the Cobas 4800 HPV test, the Seeplex HPV4A ACE and the HC2 test were 71.1%, 80.0%, and 88.9%, respectively, while their specificities were 76.4%, 74.5%, and 67.9%, respectively.Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the Cobas 4800 HPV test and the Seeplex HPV4A ACE may be as effective as the HC2 test in detecting HR HPV and that the concordance between the results of the Cobas 4800 HPV test and the Seeplex HDV4A ACE may be higher in the detection of HPV 16 and HPV18 than concerning high-risk HPV.International journal of medical sciences 01/2013; 10(2):119-123. · 2.24 Impact Factor
Article: Difference of Genome-Wide Copy Number Alterations between High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions and Squamous Cell Carcinomas of the Uterine Cervix.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: About 10% of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) progress to invasive carcinomas within 2-10 years. By delineating the events that occur in the early stage of the invasion, the pathogenesis of cervical cancer could be better understood. This will also propose the possible methods for inhibiting the tumor invasion and improving the survival of patients. We compared the genomic profiles between the HSIL and the invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) using an array comparative genomic hybridization. Using recurrently altered genes, we performed a principal component analysis to see variation of samples in both groups. To find possibly affected pathways by altered genes, we analyzed genomic profiles with the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database and GOEAST software. We found 11q12.3 and 2p24.1 regions have recurrent copy number gains in both groups. 16p12-13 and 20q11-13 regions showed an increased copy number only in cases of HSIL. 1q25.3 and 3q23-29 regions showed copy number gains only in cases of SCC. Altered genes in the SCC group were related to the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway and the RNA transport. Altered genes in the HSIL group were related to the ubiquitin mediated proteolysis and cell adhesion molecules. Our results showed not only that gains in 11q12.3 and 2p24.1 were early events occurring in the premalignant lesions and then maintained in cases of SCC but also that gains in 1q25.3 and 3q23-29 were late events occurring after invasion in those of SCC.Korean journal of pathology. 04/2012; 46(2):123-30.
Article: Prognostic Significance of High Expression of ER-beta in Surgically Treated ER-Positive Breast Cancer Following Endocrine Therapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study evaluated estrogen receptor (ER)-beta mRNA and ER-beta protein expression and its prognostic implications in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Paraffin sections from 139 hormone receptor-positive breast cancer cases were prepared. The expression of ER-beta mRNA and protein were analyzed by branched-chain assay and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively. The Allred score of ER-beta IHC was correlated with smaller tumor size (p=0.043), the Allred score of ER-alpha IHC (p<0.001), and the Allred score of progesterone receptor (PR) IHC (p=0.022) but not with the HER2 IHC score. ER-beta mRNA level was correlated with PR mRNA levels (p<0.001) but not with the Allred score of ER-beta IHC, ER-alpha IHC, and PR IHC, nor with the HER2 IHC score and ER-alpha mRNA level. In survival analysis, high expression of ER-beta mRNA was associated with worse disease-free survival along with poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and absence of PR protein expression in univariate analysis (p=0.040, p=0.002, p=0.018, and p=0.007, respectively) and multivariate analysis (p=0.044, p=0.002, p=0.035, and p=0.007, respectively). High expression of ER-beta mRNA is an independent predictor of disease recurrence in hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer.Journal of breast cancer. 03/2012; 15(1):79-86.
Article: Immunohistochemical evidence for the over-expression of Glutathione peroxidase 3 in clear cell type ovarian adenocarcinoma.Hee Joong Lee, Jin Hwan Do, Sumi Bae, Sanghwa Yang, Xianglon Zhang, Ahwon Lee, Young Jin Choi, Dong Choon Park, Woong Shick Ahn[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3) is a member of glutathione peroxidase family, exerting one of the most important cellular defense mechanisms against stress signals, including oxidative damage. In this study, the expression of GPX3 mRNA and protein was analyzed for ovarian cancer tissues to test its applicability as a biomarker that can distinguish the four major histologic types of epithelial ovarian cancer. A public microarray dataset containing 99 ovarian cancer and 4 normal ovary samples was downloaded, and GPX3 mRNA expression was analyzed. The expression of GPX3 protein was measured by immunohistochemical staining in 40 epithelial ovarian cancer tissues, 10 for each of the serous, endometrioid, mucinous, and clear cell type. Histoscores were made from the immunohistostaining, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to quantitate the differences in protein level. Analysis of genomic dataset confirms a GPX3 overexpression in clear cell type ovarian adenocarcinoma compared with normal ovary and 3 other subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancer at mRNA level. GPX3 also shows the highest average antibody staining intensities in clear cell type ovarian adenocarcinomas over the other 3 types in immunostaining on tissue arrays. This is the first validation of GPX3 as a clear cell type-specific biomarker in ovarian cancer patients' tissues by immunostaining. GPX3 may serve as an important molecular marker for the diagnosis and molecular understanding of clear cell carcinoma of the ovary.Medical Oncology 12/2011; 28 Suppl 1:S522-7. · 2.14 Impact Factor
Article: Estrogen receptor (ESR1) mRNA expression and benefit from tamoxifen in the treatment and prevention of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.Chungyeul Kim, Gong Tang, Katherine L Pogue-Geile, Joseph P Costantino, Frederick L Baehner, Joffre Baker, Maureen T Cronin, Drew Watson, Steven Shak, Olga L Bohn, [......], Yusuke Taniyama, Ahwon Lee, Megan L Reilly, Victor G Vogel, Worta McCaskill-Stevens, Leslie G Ford, Charles E Geyer, D Lawrence Wickerham, Norman Wolmark, Soonmyung Paik[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain tamoxifen resistance of estrogen receptor (ER) -positive tumors, but a clinically useful explanation for such resistance has not been described. Because the ER is the treatment target for tamoxifen, a linear association between ER expression levels and the degree of benefit from tamoxifen might be expected. However, such an association has never been demonstrated with conventional clinical ER assays, and the ER is currently used clinically as a dichotomous marker. We used gene expression profiling and ER protein assays to help elucidate molecular mechanism(s) responsible for tamoxifen resistance in breast tumors. We performed gene expression profiling of paraffin-embedded tumors from National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) trials that tested the worth of tamoxifen as an adjuvant systemic therapy (B-14) and as a preventive agent (P-1). This was a retrospective subset analysis based on available materials. In B-14, ESR1 was the strongest linear predictor of tamoxifen benefit among 16 genes examined, including PGR and ERBB2. On the basis of these data, we hypothesized that, in the P-1 trial, a lower level of ESR1 mRNA in the tamoxifen arm was the main difference between the two study arms. Only ESR1 was downregulated by more than two-fold in ER-positive cancer events in the tamoxifen arm (P < .001). Tamoxifen did not prevent ER-positive tumors with low levels of ESR1 expression. These data suggest that low-level expression of ESR1 is a determinant of tamoxifen resistance in ER-positive breast cancer. Strategies should be developed to identify, treat, and prevent such tumors.Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2011; 29(31):4160-7. · 18.37 Impact Factor