Publications

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    Stéphane La Barre, Jean-Michel Kornprobst
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    ABSTRACT: Using a number of outstanding examples, this text introduces readers to the immense variety of marine natural compounds, the methodologies to characterize them, and the approaches to explore their industrial potential. Care is also taken to discuss the function and ecological context of the compounds. Meticulously produced and easy to read, this book serves students and professionals wishing to familiarize themselves with the field, and is ideally suited as a course book for both industry and academia.
    1 edited by Stéphane LA BARRE & jean-Michel KORNPROBST, 04/2014; Wiley Blackwell., ISBN: 978-3-527-33465-0
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    ABSTRACT: The marine sponge, Axinyssa djiferi, collected on mangrove tree roots in Senegal, was investigated for glycolipids. A mixture containing new glycosphingolipids, named axidjiferoside-A, -B and -C, accounted for 0.07% of sponge biomass (dry weight) and for 2.16% of total lipids. It showed a significant antimalarial activity, with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 0.53 ± 0.2 μM against a chloroquine-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum. They were identified as homologous β-galactopyranosylceramides composed of 2-amino-(6E)-octadec-6-en-1,3,4-triol, and the major one, axidjiferoside-A (around 60%), contained 2-hydroxytetracosanoic acid. Cytotoxicity was studied in vitro on human cancer cell lines (multiple myeloma, colorectal adenocarcinoma, glioblastoma and two lung cancer NSCLC-N6 and A549). Results of this investigation showed that axidjiferosides are of interest, because they proved a good antiplasmodial activity, with only a low cytotoxicity against various human cell lines and no significant antitrypanosomal and antileishmanial activity. Thus, it seems that galactosylceramides with a β anomeric configuration may be suitable in searching for new antimalarial drugs.
    Marine Drugs 01/2013; 11(4):1304-15. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glycolipids of Myrmekioderma sponges contain Myrmekiosides, a new family of glycolipids with a unique structure of mono-O-alkyl-diglycosylglycerols. This report deals with the identification and biological activity of the new Myrmekioside E from Myrmekioderma dendyi. Its structure has been elucidated from spectroscopic data and chemical degradation studies. It contained a glycerol backbone linked to xylose and N-acetylglucosamine, and an alkyl long-chain with a terminal alcohol group. A related glycolipid, Trikentroside, known in the sponge Trikentrion laeve, was subjected to a comparative biological evaluation. Both glycolipids inhibit proliferation of two human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines (NSCLC-N6 and A549).
    European journal of medicinal chemistry 03/2012; 49:406-10. · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • Philippe Zawieja, Jean-Michel Kornprobst, Patrick Métais
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    ABSTRACT: 3-(2,4-dimethoxybenzylidene)-anabaseine is an analog of the paralytic alkaloid, anabaseine, from the ribbon worms Amphiporus sp., that shows numerous properties, in particular an agonist activity on alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. This article reviews these properties and explains to what extent they could be valuable to control symptomatology and/or neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease.
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International 02/2012; 12(3):365-71.
  • Jean-Michel Kornprobst
    04/2010; Wiley-Blackwell., ISBN: 978-3-527-32703-4
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    ABSTRACT: Five new diterpenoids of the eunicellan class, labiatamides A-B (1,2) and labiatins A-C (3–5) have been isolated from the organic extract of the Senegalese gorgonian Eunicella labiata. A unique feature of labiatamides A and B (1,2) is the N-methyl acetamide group, an uncommon functionality in soft coral metabolites. Labiatin A (3), possesses an unprecedented ether linkage between C-2 and C-6. The structure elucidations of the new secondary metabolites were provided by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses. Labiatin B exhibited cytotoxic activity against human colon cancer cells (HCT-116) with ED50 = 0.85 μg/ml.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 27(25).
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    Jean-Michel Kornprobst, Gilles Barnathan
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    ABSTRACT: The well-known fatty acids with a Δ5,9 unsaturation system were designated for a long period as demospongic acids, taking into account that they originally occurred in marine Demospongia sponges. However, such acids have also been observed in various marine sources with a large range of chain-lengths (C(16)-C(32)) and from some terrestrial plants with short acyl chains (C(18)-C(19)). Finally, the Δ5,9 fatty acids appear to be a particular type of non-methylene-interrupted fatty acids (NMA FAs). This article reviews the occurrence of these particular fatty acids in marine and terrestrial organisms and shows the biosynthetic connections between Δ5,9 fatty acids and other NMI FAs.
    Marine Drugs 01/2010; 8(10):2569-77. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The starfish Narcissia canariensis harvested from the coasts off Dakar, Senegal, was investigated for glycolipids (GL). This report deals with the isolation, characterization and biological activity of a fraction F13-3 separated from the GL mixture and selected according to its ability to inhibit KB cell proliferation after 72 hours of treatment. Firstly, a GL mixture F13 was obtained that accounted for 1.36% of starfish biomass (dry weight) and 0.36% of total lipids. The fraction F13-3 obtained from F13 contained three homologous GL identified as peracetylated derivatives on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidence. These contained a β-glucopyranoside as sugar head, a 9-methyl-branched 4,8,10-triunsaturated long-chain aminoalcohol as sphingoid base and amide-linked 2-hydroxy fatty acid chains. The majority (63%) had an amide-linked 2-hydroxydocosanoic acid chain and was identified as the ophidiacerebroside-C, firstly isolated from the starfish Ophidiaster ophidiamus. The minor components of F13-3 differed by one more or one less methylene group, and corresponded to ophidiacerebroside-B and -D. We found that F13-3 displayed an interesting cytotoxic activity over 24 hours on various adherent human cancerous cell lines (multiple myeloma, colorectal adenocarcinoma and glioblastoma multiforme) with an IC(50) of around 20 μM.
    Marine Drugs 01/2010; 8(12):2988-98. · 3.98 Impact Factor
  • Gilles Boeuf, Jean-Michel Kornprobst
    Biofutur 07/2009; · 0.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phospholipid fatty acid composition of the North-East Atlantic sponge Polymastia penicillus (South Brittany, France) was investigated. Sixty fatty acids (FA) were identified as methyl esters (FAME) and N-acyl pyrrolidides (NAP) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), including eight Delta5,9 unsaturated FA and three long-chain 2-hydroxylated FA. The major phospholipid FA were palmitic (14.3% of the total FA mixture), vaccenic (12.7%), 15(Z)-docosenoic (13.4%) and 5(Z),9(Z)-hexacosadienoic (13.3%) acids. In addition to the iso- and anteiso-branched saturated FA, several unusual short-chain branched saturated FA were identified. In addition to the known Delta5,9 FA, and interestingly regarding their identification by GC-MS as N-acyl pyrrolidides, was the co-occurrence of unusual FA possessing a Delta3, Delta4 and Delta5 double bond such as iso-4-pentadecenoic, iso-5-heptadecenoic, anteiso-5-heptadecenoic and two new compounds, not hitherto found in nature, namely 17-methyl-13-octadecenoic (0.8%) and 3,16-docosadienoic (1.1%) acids.
    Lipids 04/2009; 44(7):655-63. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An unusual sterolic mixture (82.3% of 24-isopropylated sterols) and its major component, 24-isopropylcholesterol, isolated from a marine sponge, Ciocalypta sp. (Halichondriidae), reduce cholesterol uptake, basolateral secretion and ACAT-2 mRNA expression and increase the expression of ABCA1 mRNA in Caco-2 cells. The decreases of cholesterol uptake and secretion induced by 24-isopropylcholesterol alone were more than that of both the sterolic mixture and beta-sitosterol. These data add a new sterol, 24-isopropylcholesterol, to sterols that may reduce intestinal cholesterol absorption.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 02/2009; 106(4):659-65. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of chemoresistant tumors represents an important challenge in the field of oncology. Primary or acquired overexpression of ATP-dependent transporters, in particular P-glycoprotein (Pgp, MDR1 protein), is a major cause of multidrug resistance and reduced patient survival. Sustained efforts have thereby been undertaken to find agents overcoming this resistance. This review provides a chemical and biological overview on bioactive metabolites from the marine field (natural molecules and analogues) that can overcome or circumvent resistance to ATP-dependent efflux pumps, their mechanisms of action and their structure-activity relationships. Their clinical relevance and status are presented. Active compounds (often microtubule-interacting agents) have been isolated from sponges and ascidians and, in lesser extent from cnidarians, and molluscs. The toxicity and the reversal activity can be uncoupled but, marine metabolites usually maintain high toxicity in multiresistant cancer cells. Certain display synergistic effects with clinically important anticancer drugs. The marine drug recently approved for cancer therapy [Trabectedin (Yondelis)] and those entered into clinical trials act on multiple targets and, circumvent or overcome chemoresistance through very unusual mechanisms of action. Pharmacological and clinical data suggest that metabolites from the marine field could provide new therapeutic options for patients with tumors resistant to conventional therapy.
    Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry 01/2009; 8(8):886-903.
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    ABSTRACT: The exceptional ability of marine sponges to adapt to often drastic changes of their environments could be due to special structural features in cell membranes, including firstly phospholipids (PL). Thus, PL class composition was investigated in marine sponges (22 species from 19 genera to 15 families) originating from various locations (East Atlantic, North Atlantic, South-West Pacific, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Arabian-Persian Gulf). The quantitative determination of PL class composition was obtained by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with scanning densitometry of the different spots. Previous reports have shown phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as the major PL class in marine sponges, followed by phosphatidylcholine (PC), while other papers described PC as a minor class and even lacking. This survey found PE as the major PL class in only two species, while PC was the major class in 13 species including a calcareous one. The great abundance of bacteria in some sponges was evidenced from the relatively high proportions of particular PL classes. Various PL distributions were observed even for the sponge species collected in the same area and belonging to the same genus. Thus, no clear rule on PL composition in marine sponges can be stated to date.
    Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 09/2008; 150(4):427-31. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • Bernard Banaigs, Jean-Michel Kornprobst
    L'Actualité chimique 03/2007; · 0.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present work deals with the study on volatile compounds from the brown alga Hormophysa cuneiformis collected from the Northwest coast of Qatar on May 2002. Two extraction methods have been used: conventional hydrodistillation of the crude diethyl ether extract of alga and supercritical CO2 extraction of the same crude extract with two different stationary phases for the trapping. The obtained oils were examined by GC/MS coupling experiments and the chemical compositions obtained from both methods were compared. Their major constituents were: squalene described for the first time from a macroalga, fatty acids and corresponding esters. It must be pointed out absence of volatile C-l 1 hydrocarbons which are commonly presents in brown algae might be due to the collecting period of the alga (May) which probably favors the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids precursors of these C-l 1 hydrocarbons. The presence, in a small amount, of a C-l 1 sulphur compound with a near related biogenesis of the volatile C-ll hydrocarbons is in agreement with this hypothesis.
    01/2007;
  • Jean-Michel Kornprobst, Gilles Barnathan
    Chimie Nouvelle. 03/2006;
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    Olivier Grovel, Jean-Michel Kornprobst, Yves François Pouchus
    Biofutur 01/2006; 272:39-42. · 0.05 Impact Factor
  • M L Bourguet-Kondracki, J M Kornprobst
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    ABSTRACT: Several molecules isolated from various marine organisms (microorganisms, algae, fungi, invertebrates, and vertebrates) are currently under study at an advanced stage of clinical trials, either directly or in the form of analogues deduced from structure-activity relationships. Some of them have already been marketed as drugs. The goal of this article is not to present a complete panorama of marine pharmacology but to show that new models and new mechanisms of action of marine substances bring new solutions for tackling some of the major public health problems of the 21st century. These include: malaria, which assails mainly the southern hemisphere; tuberculosis, an infectious disease once believed to be eliminated but alarmingly increasing, especially among HIV-positive populations; and osteoporosis and Alzheimer's disease, the extension of which are correlated with ageing populations, especially in the developed countries.
    Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology 02/2005; 97:105-31.
  • Jean-Michel Kornprobst
    01/2005; Tec&Doc Lavoisier., ISBN: 2-7430-0724-4

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