Article: Development of, and initial validity evidence for, the referee self-efficacy scale: a multistudy report.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this multistudy report was to develop, and then to provide initial validity evidence for measures derived from, the Referee Self-Efficacy Scale. Data were collected from referees (N = 1609) in the United States (n = 978) and Spain (n = 631). In Study 1 (n = 512), a single-group exploratory structural equation model provided evidence for four factors: game knowledge, decision making, pressure, and communication. In Study 2 (n = 1153), multiple-group confirmatory factor analytic models provided evidence for partial factorial invariance by country, level of competition, team gender, and sport refereed. In Study 3 (n = 456), potential sources of referee self-efficacy information combined to account for a moderate or large amount of variance in each dimension of referee self-efficacy with years of referee experience, highest level refereed, physical/mental preparation, and environmental comfort, each exerting at least two statistically significant direct effects.Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 12/2012; 34(6):737-65.
Article: Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire in Sports (CEQS). The sample comprises 312 athletes (167 males and 145 females), with a mean age of 24.09 (SD= 6.67), with diverse performance levels (professional, semiprofessional and university level), all practitioners of team sports. The factor structure of the questionnaire was analyzed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The results confirm the 5-factor internal structure of the CESQ (Effort, Ability, Unity, Perseverance and Preparation), made up of four items each. We also found acceptable values of the alpha coefficient, which confirms that the CESQ is a reliable instrument. Lastly, we found preliminary support for the validity of the construct of the CESQ, which is sufficient evidence to justify its use to measure the collective efficacy in Spanish athletes.Psicothema 08/2011; 23(3):503-9. · 1.02 Impact Factor
Félix Guillén, Deborah L Feltz[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper presents a conceptual model of referee efficacy, defines the concept, proposes sources of referee specific efficacy information, and suggests consequences of having high or low referee efficacy. Referee efficacy is defined as the extent to which referees believe they have the capacity to perform successfully in their job. Referee efficacy beliefs are hypothesized to be influenced by mastery experiences, referee knowledge/education, support from significant others, physical/mental preparedness, environmental comfort, and perceived anxiety. In turn, referee efficacy beliefs are hypothesized to influence referee performance, referee stress, athlete rule violations, athlete satisfaction, and co-referee satisfaction.Frontiers in psychology. 01/2011; 2:25.
Article: Competitive anxiety in expert female athletes: sources and intensity of anxiety in National Team and First Division Spanish basketball players.Félix Guillén, Rosaura Sánchez[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: State and trait anxiety levels in elite Spanish women basketball players were investigated and possible differences in sources of anxiety identified, comparing National Team and First Division players. 84 players participated (13 National Team members, 71 First Division players). A quantitative/qualitative design was used. Results indicated that National Team members had lower State and Trait Anxiety scores than did the First Division players and both groups had lower scores than established population norms. Playing time was significantly related to State and Trait Anxiety for both groups of players and those who had more minutes of playing time had lower scores. Qualitative analyses indicated that the primary sources of anxiety reported by these athletes related to personal issues pertaining to feeling physically and mentally unprepared for practice and games.Perceptual and Motor Skills 10/2009; 109(2):407-19. · 0.49 Impact Factor
Danilo Reis Coimbra, Simone Salvador Gomes, Felipe Carvalho, Renato Ferreira, Felix Guillen, Renato Miranda, Maurício Bara Filho[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the perception about Sport Psychology to coaches and athletes and to verify the relationship between the topics studied by researchers and sports demands. The sample was composed by 323 athletes and 59 coaches from different sports competitive levels. It was used a general questionnaire and a specific one about the topics related to sports psychology (TEPA), constituted by 30 questions divided into 5 groups (youth sports, psychological strategies, questionnaires, psychological profiles and others). It was used the Student Test "t" test ANOVA for mean comparisons. Athletes and coaches considered important all training aspects (physical, technical, tactical and psychological), however they had less knowledge in the psychological one. Coaches and athletes considered the 5 sport psychology topics as important, but coaches showed a more significant importance (p<0,05). It was found significant differences (p<0,05) when we compared athletes of different competitive levels, gender and sports. It was depicted that coaches and athletes considered very relevant all the themes of sports psychology, being the highlighted the development of techniques and psychological strategies, one of the investigation types less studied by the researchers. There is a discrepancy among the topics studied by the researchers and the demands exposed by coaches and athletes.Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento. 01/2008; 16:1-21.