Publications

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    ABSTRACT: Renewable energies have a key role in defining an energy policy based on security, independence, and sustainability. The Italian market is characterised by the absence of support mechanisms for photovoltaic sources for electricity and by a high level of maturity in the energy market. Consequently, this paper contributes to, and advances, the debate concerning self-consumption that can support the economic sustainability of photovoltaic facilities. We constructed a database to conduct an analysis. A survey was conducted among 750 companies operating in various stages of the industry supply chain. The survey collected data related to industry turnover, profitability levels, profitability margins of the business areas and employee numbers. The economic feasibility of photovoltaic investment is evaluated for systems of varying sizes (3 kW, 20 kW, 200 kW, 400 kW, and 1 MW) located in two areas of the country to account for different levels of insolation (northern and southern regions). The indicators used are net present value (NPV) and discounted payback time (DPBT). A subsequent sensitivity and scenario analysis is conducted according to the share of self-consumption, investment costs, and financial structure to examine 210 case studies.
    Energy Conversion and Management 12/2014; 88:317–331. DOI:10.1016/j.enconman.2014.08.044 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Federica Cucchiella, Massimo Gastaldi, Luigi Ranieri
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    ABSTRACT: Absenteeism is an employee's intentional or habitual absence from work. While employers expect workers to miss a certain number of workdays each year, excessive absences can equate to decreased productivity and can have a major effect on company strategies, finances, morale and other factors. The main aim of this paper is to take a broad view of the causes a of workplace absenteeism in the Hera Group, an Italian multiutility leader in environmental, water and energy services, and to describe various facets of its assessment and management. It is intended to provide both an overview on absenteeism data and then progress to exploring solutions and discussions on absenteeism problems, connecting strategic goals with human resource related issues.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 09/2014; 150:1157-1166. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.131
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D'Adamo, Massimo Gastaldi
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    ABSTRACT: In 1995, Porter and van der Linde defined pollution as a manifestation of economic waste. Currently, incorrect information and conflicting theories among scientists hinder the diffusion of sustainable practices in waste management [1]. New industrial market research reports highlight that the value of the global waste incineration market has increased in recent years (+$1.3 billion dollars from 2008 to 2012), and this sector will continue to grow (+$6.8 billion dollars from 2012 to 2022) [2]. The paper focuses on the Italian situation on which urgent actions are required because more than 50% of waste is landfilled [3]. The correct environmental management increases the financial performance because waste investments offer both environmental and economic benefits. The problem to solve is related to both waste management and high levels of recycling, where an unsorted fraction of waste will remain. Based on a thorough review of the topic, a national waste management plan (NWMP) for energy recovery is herein proposed for evaluating all the aspects of sustainability of waste-to-energy (WTE) plants: the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) with respect to landfill, the estimation of financial net present value (FNPV) and the economic net present value (ENPV) and, finally, the estimation of new employment opportunity.
    Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 05/2014; submitted to. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2014.02.015 · 5.51 Impact Factor
  • Federica Cucchiella, Massimo Gastaldi
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    ABSTRACT: In Italy in the past three years, electricity generation from renewables recorded high growth rates. In 2011, it continued to have an upword trend (+7.8% on 2010), reaching 82,961 GWh. The EU directive on renewable requires to increase renewable energy with a target of 19.6% of total electricity consumption from renewables. In 2011, Italy recorded 23.5%, surpassing by wide margin the proposed target. Moreover the year 2011 represents a turning point since until 2010, the extent of renewable generation was mostly affected by the behavior of the hydro source, while in 2011 the hydro output is stable and the new renewables (solar, wind and biomass) increase. At the same time the effort of management science to assessing efficiency is reaching its goals with the use of Data Envelopment Analysis, a mathematical programming technique able to estimate the comparative efficiency of a set of units which, though distinct production processes and technology, take a given level of inputs to produce a given quantity of outputs. In this paper the efficiency of renewable energy technology (photovoltaic, wind, biomass, hydro) is evaluated with Data Envelopment Analysis at regional level in Italy considering investment and operating costs as inputs and installed power capacity, energy intensity and the CO2 avoided as outputs. For each sources the more and the less efficient region is selected and an accurate analysis of the obtained results is outlined. The policy implications of the obtained results conclude the paper.
    04/2014; 912-914:1607-1611. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.912-914.1607
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D’Adamo, Massimo Gastaldi
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    ABSTRACT: Current economic crisis brought to light the structural deficiencies of European economy. This paper aims to improve the performances of a policy on sustainable municipal solid waste management strategies. Specifically, the attention is focused on Italian country that reports a high rate of landfilling. Waste to Energy plant is an attractive technological option in municipal solid waste, but it is a subject of intense debate. Incinerators require effective and efficient controls to avoid emissions of harmful pollutants into the air, land and water, which may influence human health and environment. To address waste management situation, this study uses a multi-objective mathematical programming. A new plan is presented to evaluate and quantify the effects of initiatives for diversion of current waste from landfill. In an attempt to better simulate realistic waste management scenarios, the amount of waste generated is not annually constant and changes are accounted in waste diversion rates. Moreover, due to the geographical characteristics of Italy, the realization of new facilities is replicated with a regional detail. In this paper economic and financial indicators are used to define the profitability of waste facilities. Moreover, a sensitivity analysis is used to test some of the initial assumptions. Once identified the efficient Waste to Energy plant, regional strategies of waste management are proposed to optimize financial and environmental benefits of the sector. The proposed waste management framework provides a concrete scheme for future research in assessing quantitatively the effectiveness of waste management.
    Energy Conversion and Management 01/2014; 77:709-720. DOI:10.1016/j.enconman.2013.10.024 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D’Adamo, Massimo Gastaldi
    Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10098-014-0839-z · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D’Adamo
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    ABSTRACT: Actually, one of the most relevant debates, among both citizens that government, is related to energy and environmental issue. The development of renewable energy usage is due to several factors such as the political strategic decisions and geographical situation. Indeed the high development of renewable energies requires challenges from a supply chain point of view. In this paper, a thorough survey of the extant literature on the topic of supply chain (SC) and renewable energy (RE) has been conducted. English papers published on international peer-reviewed journals from 2003 to 2013 have been considered. Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) resolves the duality between environmental, economic and social aspects. Sustainable manufacturing practices play an essential role in promoting renewable energy development and commercialization; this will require significant changes to the industry's traditional Supply Chain Management and business model. The aim of the paper is investigate literature insights useful to increase the performance and overcome barriers to the RE supply chain development. Like many typical supply chains, also supply chain related to RE includes elements such as: physical, information, and financial flows. The present research is useful to individualize characteristics of a RE supply chain. Moreover, the research is useful improve the performance of RE supply chain in some aspects like: better control supply chain costs to make renewable energy more affordable; manage supply chain to address weakened demand in the near term, and increase flexibility to handle anticipated rapid growth in the next 3-5 years; In so doing the present research has practical implications that make the results interesting for decision maker about optimal design of a system operating from one renewable energy sources. Moreover, the results are interesting for researchers since are individualized many sectors where it is necessary to proceed with additional research investigations.
    Energy Conversion and Management 12/2013; 76:774-780. DOI:10.1016/j.enconman.2013.07.081 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D'Adamo, S. C. Lenny Koh
    Journal of Cleaner Production 11/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.10.043 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Federica Cucchiella, Massimo Gastaldi
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    ABSTRACT: The growing concern in the negative effects of fossil fuels on the environment and the heavy dependency on fossil fuels imports has forced many countries to use renewable energy sources. The Kyoto Protocol and the EU policies are examples of political goals fostering the use of these green sources. In this paper the efficiency of photovoltaic technology is evaluated with Data Envelopment Analysis in Italy considering installed power capacity, solar irradiation, investment and operating costs as inputs and energy intensity and the CO2 avoided as outputs; the more and the less efficient region is selected and an accurate analysis of the obtained resultsis outlined. The policy implications of the obtained results conclude the paper.
    10/2013; 827:435-440. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.827.435
  • Federica Cucchiella, Massimo Gastaldi
    Advanced Materials Research 08/2013; 746:551-556. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.746.551
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D’Adamo, Massimo Gastaldi
    Advanced Materials Research 08/2013; 739:768-776. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.739.768
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    ABSTRACT: Green supply chain management GSCM has emerged as a key approach for enterprises seeking to become environmentally sustainable. This paper aims to evaluate and describe the advantages of a GSCM approach by analysing practices and performance consequences in the battery recycling sector. It seeks to integrate works in supply chain management SCM, environmental management, performance management and real option RO theory into one framework. In particular, life cycle assessment LCA is applied to evaluate the environmental impact of a battery recycling plant project, and life cycle costing LCC is applied to evaluate its economic impact. Firms, also understanding the relevance of GSCM, have often avoided applying the green principles because of the elevated costs that such management involved. Such costs could also seem superior to the potential advantages since standard performance measurement systems are internally and business focused; for these reasons, we consider all the possible value deriving also by uncertainty associated to a green project using the RO theory. This work is one of the few and pioneering efforts to investigate GSCM practices in the battery recycling sector.
    International Journal of Systems Science 01/2013; 45(6):1-15. DOI:10.1080/00207721.2012.761458 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D'Adamo, Massimo Gastaldi
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, Europe has promoted a series of waste regulations to achieve greater protection of the environment. This objective can be obtained by adopting an integrated management system for the reduction of waste production and developing systems for waste sorting, energy recovery and waste recycling. Such interventions that find their justification in an environmental perspective must be also sustainable from an economic perspective. An analysis of the Italian situation highlights a dependency on landfills; this phenomenon must be reduced to identify actions aimed at safeguarding and protecting the environment. The aim of this paper is to analyse the economic and environmental benefits from diverting waste from landfills towards energy recovery in twenty Italian regions.
    Science of The Total Environment 12/2012; 443C:955-964. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.11.008 · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Photovoltaic (PV) connected systems are experiencing rapid market growth. This is due to the continually downward trend in PV cost together with government support programs. A scenario has been assumed to analyse the geographical market of PVs. The results provide clear evidence of the influence that some variables have on the profitability of PV investments. This study presents a model for minimising investment risk and maximising the return of a renewable energy portfolio in Italy. The value of the paper is in showing that the energy and CO2 reduction potential that can be reached through consumer-oriented policy measures, but the paper also looks at the effectiveness and social implications of such measures. Private households possess immense unused potential for energy reductions (and climate protection) that could be realised through gains in energy efficiency, behavioural changes, and extended use of low-emission energy. The focus of energy policy has been on businesses rather than on private households, which are only partly captured by direct policy measures. To achieve the goals of climate policies, the current political and scientific discussion increasingly considers measures that aim to reduce energy consumption in the private sector. Quantitative estimates are presented for economic indicators and will show the various effects of policy measures on the implemented household types.
    Energy and Buildings 12/2012; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.08.029 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D'Adamo, Massimo Gastaldi
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    ABSTRACT: Diverting waste from landfill is one of the basic priorities on improving the use of resources and reducing the environmental impacts of waste management. In order to achieve this goal it is necessary to limit the amount of materials sent to final disposal and promote energy recovery. In Italy the use of recycling is registering a growing trend but the recourse to landfill is still too high with respect to European Commission targets. The aim of the paper was to analyse the financial and economic benefits that energy recovery could produce by diverting waste from landfills in an Italian region, as landfilling cannot be a solution in the long term because of its finite capacity and for various other ecological reasons. A sensitivity analysis on the critical variables of this plan and a risk analysis are also provided.
    10/2012; 30(12). DOI:10.1177/0734242X12462284
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    Federica Cucchiella, Idiano D'Adamo
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    ABSTRACT: The production of electricity from renewable sources plays a strategic role in the future of energy because it helps to effectively manage climate change through an energy generation portfolio with lower emissions of greenhouse gases.Photovoltaic solar energy is safe and sustainable and is characterised by a growing trend with a cumulative installed capacity that has reached a total of 40. GW in 2010.In this paper, investigations are presented using multiple calculations: Energy Payback Time (EPBT), Greenhouse Gas per kilowatt hour (GHG/kWh), Energy Return on Investment (EROI), Greenhouse Gas Payback Time (GPBT) and Greenhouse Gas Return on Investment (GROI). These metrics make it possible to define the energy and environmental performances for a building-integrated photovoltaic system located in Italy.The module efficiency, the embodied energy and the annual solar irradiance are variables that play a strong role in this analysis. The key parameters include the type of solar cells (e.g., mono-crystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride) and the location where the system is installed (Milan, Rome and Palermo).The results determine whether solar energy has a viable strategic role in the global energy market. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
    Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 09/2012; 16(7-7):5245-5259. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.034 · 5.51 Impact Factor
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    Federica Cucchiella, I. D'Adamo
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    ABSTRACT: The balance between the demand for electricity by consumers and businesses, and environmental protection, is one of the key challenges of our society. The PV industry in 2010 compared to 2009 registered a growth of 130%, consolidating the previous achievements. The reduction in costs of system and incentive policies have favored the development of solar energy. At the same time, the results achieved have led to a resulting reduction of Feed-in Tariff (FiT) by the central governments, generating concern from both the owners, investors and operators. This article belongs to a wider research and aims to analyze the determinants of investment risk in the PV industry through a sensitivity analysis, scenario analysis and risk analysis. To do this, alternative business plans have been developed that compared to the static situation, allow to quantify how Net Present Value varies according to different parameters. Strong attention is placed on the project's critical variables, the opportunity cost of capital. the time duration of the project, the plant size and geographical location of the system, analyzing the specific case of Italy.
    Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 04/2012; 12(3-3):1562– 1576. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2011.11.020 · 5.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose – The aim of this paper is to conceptualise a structural model of natural resource based green supply chain management (GSCM), and its relationship, with an indication of cause and effect, to relevant performance measures and drivers. Design/methodology/approach – The literature, describing GSCM from a natural resource based view (NRBV), along with performance measures and institutional drivers, is critically evaluated and used to develop the model. Findings – Constructs are identified in terms of intra- and inter-organisational environmental practices, performance measures and institutional drivers. Causal relationships, within and between the constructs, are also proposed in the form of hypotheses. Research limitations/implications – At this stage the model is purely conceptual and the causal relationships are only proposed. Empirical tests of the model and hypotheses are required. Practical implications – On empirical verification, this work can furnish managers with validated measurement scales to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses in their GSCM implementation and determine how firms can successfully implement GSCM to promote sustainable industrial development. Originality/value – GSCM from within the NRBV perspective, and incorporating performance measures and institutional drivers, has yet to be comprehensively synthesised in a coherent model. This conceptual work is the first step in that direction.
    Supply Chain Management 01/2012; 17(1):54-67. DOI:10.1108/13598541211212203 · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    Federica Cucchiella, Lenny Koh
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    ABSTRACT: This article has no abstract
    Supply Chain Management 01/2012; 17(1). DOI:10.1108/scm.2012.17717aaa.001 · 2.92 Impact Factor

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