[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Members of the NDRG (N-Myc downstream-regulated) gene family have been shown to play a variety of roles in human malignancies. In the present study, we examined the expression of NDRG2 protein in glioma samples of WHO grades I-IV. We also investigated the association between NDRG2 expression and survival. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to measure NDRG2 protein expression in 316 specimens of human glioma and 41 normal control tissues. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional hazards model. We found that NDRG2 expression was reduced in glioma relative to normal tissue, and that NDRG2 expression decreased with increasing glioma grade. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients without NDRG2 expression had a lower survival rate than other patients. Multivariate analysis showed that NDRG2 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival of patients with glioma. The present study provides the first evidence that NDRG2 expression is decreased in gliomas, indicating that NDRG2 may play an inhibitory role during the development of gliomas. NDRG2 expression may also be a significant and independent prognostic indicator for glioma.
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2011; 18(11):1534-7. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine the expression of NDRG1 gene in glioma samples with different WHO grades and its association with survival. About 168 glioma specimens and 21 normal control tissues were collected. Immunochemistry assay, quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were carried out to investigate the expression of NDRG1 and Myc. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional hazards model were used in survival analysis. Immunohistochemistry showed that Ndrg1 expression was reduced in glioma. NDRG1 mRNA and protein levels were lower in glioma compared to control on real-time PCR and Western blot analysis (P < 0.001). Its expression levels increase from grade IV to grade I glioma on real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry analysis (P < 0.001) and Western blot. On the contrary, the expression of Myc by real-time PCR and Western blot showed the opposite trend of NDRG1. The survival rate of Ndrg1-negative patients was lower than that of Ndrg1-positive patients. We confirmed that the loss of NDRG1 expression was a significant and independent prognostic indicator in glioma by multivariate analysis. NDRG1 may play an inhibitory role during the development of glioma and may be a potential prognosis predictor of glioma.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology 04/2009; 94(2):213-9. · 3.21 Impact Factor