Article: Insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 cotreatment versus insulin-like growth factor-I alone in two brothers with growth hormone insensitivity syndrome: effects on insulin sensitivity, body composition and linear growth.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Growth hormone insensitivity syndrome (GHIS) is caused by a defective growth hormone receptor (GHR) and is associated with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) deficiency, severely short stature and, from adolescence, fasting hyperglycemia and obesity. We studied the effects of treatment with IGF-I in either a 1:1 molar complex with IGFBP-3 (IGF-I/BP-3-Tx) or with IGF-I alone (IGF-I-Tx) on metabolism and linear growth. Two brothers, compound heterozygous for a GHR gene defect, were studied. After 8 months without treatment, we examined the short- and long-term effects of IGF-I/BP-3-Tx and, subsequently, IGF-I-Tx on 12-hour overnight levels of IGF-I, GH, insulin, IGFBP-1, insulin sensitivity by hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp, body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and linear growth. Mean overnight levels of insulin decreased and IGFBP-1, a measure of hepatic insulin sensitivity, increased on both regimens, but was more pronounced on IGF-I-Tx. Insulin sensitivity by clamp showed no consistent changes. Lean body mass increased and abdominal fat mass decreased in both subjects on IGF-I-Tx. However, the changes were inconsistent during IGF-I/BP-3-Tx. Height velocity was low without treatment, increased slightly on IGF-I/BP-3-Tx and doubled on IGF-I-Tx. Both modalities of IGF-I improved determinants of hepatic insulin sensitivity, body composition and linear growth rate; however, IGF-I alone seemed to be more efficient.Hormone Research in Paediatrics 09/2011; 76(5):355-66.
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ABSTRACT: To correlate placental protein levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-1, with previously determined levels of IGF-I and IGF-II mRNA expression, and the micronutrients zinc and iron, and maternal and newborn anthropometry. Placental samples were collected from rural field sites in Pakistan. Samples were divided into small and large for gestational age groups (SGA and LGA, respectively). IGFBP-1 levels were assessed using Western immunoblotting. IGF-I protein levels were assessed using ELISA techniques. IGF mRNA expression, zinc, and iron, were quantified as previously described and were used for comparative purposes only. Thirty-three subjects were included (SGA, n = 12; LGA n = 21). Higher levels of IGFBP-1 were seen in the SGA group (p < 0.01). IGFBP-1 correlated positively with maternal and infant triceps skin-fold thickness in the LGA and SGA groups, respectively (p < 0.05). Significantly lower IGF-I protein levels were seen in the SGA group. IGF-I levels correlated significantly with maternal and newborn anthropometry. IGFBP-1 correlated significantly with IGF-II mRNA expression (p < 0.05). Placental protein levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 appear to be associated with maternal anthropometry. Maternal anthropometry may thus influence IGFBP-1 and IGF-I levels and may possibly be used for screening of pregnancies, with the potential for timely identification of these high-risk pregnancies.Acta Paediatrica 05/2011; 100(11):1504-9. · 2.07 Impact Factor
Article: Effects of fat supplementation on postprandial GIP, GLP-1, ghrelin and IGFBP-1 levels: a pilot study on adolescents with type 1 diabetes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aims: To compare the responses of GIP, GLP-1, ghrelin and IGFBP-1 between meals with different fat and energy content in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and to relate them to gastric emptying and glycaemia. Methods: On different days and in a random order, 7 adolescents with T1DM ingested a high- and low-fat meal (fat content: 38 and 2 g, energy content: 640 and 320 kcal, respectively). At normoglycaemia, the same prandial insulin dose was given at both meals and to all subjects. Postprandial blood samples were taken repeatedly over 4 hours. Gastric emptying was estimated by the paracetamol absorption method. Results: The area under the curve (AUC) for GIP(0-240 min) and for GLP-1(0-120 min) was larger, but smaller for relative ghrelin(0-240 min), after the high-fat meal (p = 0.002, 0.030 and 0.043, respectively). IGFBP-1 decreased significantly, but not differently, after the meals. Larger GLP-1 secretion correlated with slower gastric emptying (p = 0.029) and higher fasting ghrelin levels correlated with lower postprandial glycaemia (p = 0.007). Conclusion: In adolescents with T1DM, the postprandial responses of GIP, GLP-1 and ghrelin, but not that of IGFBP-1, depend more on meal size than on insulin.Hormone Research in Paediatrics 01/2010; 73(5):355-62.
Article: Ribosomal protein S19 interacts with macrophage migration inhibitory factor and attenuates its pro-inflammatory function.Ana-Maria Filip, Jörg Klug, Sevil Cayli, Suada Fröhlich, Tamara Henke, Philipp Lacher, Regina Eickhoff, Patrick Bulau, Monika Linder, Christine Carlsson-Skwirut, Lin Leng, Richard Bucala, Sandra Kraemer, Jürgen Bernhagen, Andreas Meinhardt[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders such as infection, sepsis, and autoimmune disease. MIF exists preformed in cytoplasmic pools and exhibits an intrinsic tautomerase and oxidoreductase activity. MIF levels are elevated in the serum of animals and patients with infection or different inflammatory disorders. To elucidate how MIF actions are controlled, we searched for endogenous MIF-interacting proteins with the potential to interfere with key MIF functions. Using in vivo biotin-tagging and endogenous co-immunoprecipitation, the ribosomal protein S19 (RPS19) was identified as a novel MIF binding partner. Surface plasmon resonance and pulldown experiments with wild type and mutant MIF revealed a direct physical interaction of the two proteins (K(D) = 1.3 x 10(-6) m). As RPS19 is released in inflammatory lesions by apoptotic cells, we explored whether it affects MIF function and inhibits its binding to receptors CD74 and CXCR2. Low doses of RPS19 were found to strongly inhibit MIF-CD74 interaction. Furthermore, RPS19 significantly compromised CXCR2-dependent MIF-triggered adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells under flow conditions. We, therefore, propose that RPS19 acts as an extracellular negative regulator of MIF.Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2009; 284(12):7977-85. · 4.77 Impact Factor
Article: Calpain proteolysis of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and -3, but not of IGFBP-1.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Calpains are cytoplasmic Ca(2+)-regulated cysteine proteases that may regulate insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-independent actions of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) through IGFBP proteolysis. In this study, [(125)I]-labeled IGFBP-2 and -3, but not IGFBP-1, were proteolyzed by Ca(2+)-activated m-calpain in vitro. Degradation of higher concentrations of the recombinant proteins IGFBP-2 and -3 by m-calpain was dose-dependent, but was terminated within 20 min by autolysis. By subjecting proteolytic fragments to N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis, the primary cleavage sites in IGFBP-2 and -3 were localized to the non-conserved central linker regions. Using the biosensor technique, in vitro binding of m-calpain to IGFBP-3 was demonstrated to be a Ca(2+)-dependent reaction with a rapid on/off rate.Biological Chemistry 09/2007; 388(8):859-63. · 2.96 Impact Factor