Publications

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    Kwang-Chang Lai, Chih-Ching Chen, Pisin Chen
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a new method to identify flavors of ultra high energy cosmic neutrinos. Energy loss of leptons in matter provides important informations for the detection of neutrinos originated from high energy astrophysical sources. 50 years ago, Askaryan proposed to detect Cherenkov signals by radio wave from the negative charge excess of particle showers. The theory of Cherenkov pulses with Fraunhofer approximation was widely studied in the past two decades. However, at high energies or for high density materials, electromagnetic shower should be elongated due to the Landau-Pomeranchuck-Migdal (LPM) effect. As such the standard Fraunhofer approximation ceases to be valid when the distance between the shower and the detector becomes comparable with the shower length. We have performed Monte Carlo simulations recently to investigate this regime based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, and modified time domain integration method. In this work, we adopt the deduced relationship between the radio signal and the cascade development profile to investigate its implication to lepton signatures. Our method provides a straightforward technique to identify the neutrino flavor through the detected Cherenkov signals.
    Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements 03/2013; · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Chih-Ching Chen, Pisin Chen, Chia-Yu Hu, K.-C. Lai
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a new flavor identification method to distinguish mu and tau type ultra high energy cosmic neutrinos (UHECN). Energy loss of leptons in matter is an important information for the detection of neutrinos originated from high energy astrophysical sources. 50 years ago, Askaryan proposed to detect Cherenkov radiowave signals emitted from the negative charge excess of neutrino-induced particle shower. The theory of Cherenkov radiation under Fraunhofer approximation has been widely studied in the past two decades. However, at high energies or for high density materials, electromagnetic shower should be elongated due to the Landau-Pomeranchuck-Migdal (LPM) effect. As such the standard Fraunhofer approximation ceases to be valid when the distance between the shower and the detector becomes comparable with the shower length. Monte Carlo simulations have been performed recently to investigate this regime. Here we adopt the deduced relationship between the radio signal and the cascade development profile to investigate its implication to lepton signatures. Our method provides a straightforward technique to identify the neutrino flavor through the detected Cherenkov signals.
    Modern Physics Letters A 02/2013; 28(2):40009-. · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • Chia-Yu Hu, Chih-Ching Chen, Pisin Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The radio technique of cosmogenic neutrino detection, which relies on the Cherenkov signals coherently emitted from the particle showers in dense medium, has now become a mature field. We present an alternative approach to calculate such Cherenkov pulse by a numerical code based on the finite difference time-domain (FDTD) method that does not rely on the far-field approximation. We show that for a shower elongated by the LPM (Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal) effect and thus with a multi-peak structure, the generated Cherenkov signal will always be a bipolar and asymmetric waveform in the near-field regime regardless of the specific variations of the multi-peak structure, which makes it a generic and distinctive feature. This should provide an important characteristic signature for the identification of ultra-high energy cosmogenic neutrinos.
    Modern Physics Letters A 02/2013; 28(2):40006-. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    Chia-Yu Hu, Chih-Ching Chen, Pisin Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The radio approach for detecting the ultra-high energy cosmic neutrinos has become a mature field. The Cherenkov pulse in radio detection originates from the charge excess of particle showers due to Askaryan effect. The conventional way of calculating the Cherenkov pulse by making far- field approximation fails when the size of elongated showers become comparable with detection distance. We investigate the Cherenkov pulse in near-field by a numerical code based on the finite- difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Our study shows that the near-field radiation exhibits very different behaviors from the far-field one and therefore can be easily recognized. For ground array neutrino detectors, the near-field radiation would provide a unique signature for ultra high energy electromagnetic showers induced by the electron neutrino charge-current interaction. This can be useful in neutrino flavor identification. Comment: 14 pages, 13 figures
    Astroparticle Physics 12/2010; · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    Chia-Yu Hu, Chih-Ching Chen, Pisin Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The radio approach for detecting the ultra-high energy cosmic neutrinos has become a mature field. The Cherenkov signals in radio detection are originated from the charge excess of particle showers due to Askaryan effect. The conventional way of calculating the Cherenkov pulses by making Fraunhofer approximation fails when the sizes of the elongated showers become comparable with the detection distances. We present a calculation method of Cherenkov pulses based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, and attain a satisfying effeciency via the GPU- acceleration. Our method provides a straightforward way of the near field calculation, which would be important for ultra high energy particle showers, especailly the electromagnetic showers induced by the high energy leptons produced in the neutrino charge current interactions. Comment: 8 pages, 9 figures, presented at the CosPA Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, November 2009
    01/2010;

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